In youth we perceive the spine as something self-evident and do not think about its health. With age, the most important support for us begins to "revenge" us. To understand what kind of work this brilliant design makes for us, and what burden it brings, we need to understand how the spine is arranged.
The most important properties of our spine:
This is achieved thanks to the joint:
- Intervertebral discs
Each intervertebral disc located between two vertebrae performs an important function: acts as a shock absorber. When osteochondrosis occurs lesions of intervertebral discs. They become mineralized and become flat, while they compress the soft tissues and infringe the nerve roots.
With constant neck tension, symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis appear. Although the neck is sufficiently adapted for loads, its position is vulnerable. The cervical department is responsible for many important organs. The nerves leave the spinal cord. In each vertebra is the root of the nerve responsible for a specific part of the body:
- From the 1st vertebrae, the roots of the nerves are responsible for the sensitivity of the back of the head;
- From the 2nd - behind the back of the head and neck;
- From the 3rd - the upper part of the neck;
- From the 4th - the upper part of the shoulder and collarbone;
- From the 5th - for the middle part of the shoulder;
- From the 6th - by the hand, including the brush to the thumb and index finger;
- From the 7th - from the forearm and the middle finger of the hand.
Symptoms of the osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are associated with a certain stiffened root of the nerve and a violation of the sensitivity of the site, for which the nerve is responsible.
Mechanism of the formation of painful muscle seals
As a rule, with osteochondrosis of the cervical thoracic part there are changes not only of the vertebral column, but also of the surrounding soft tissues. As a protective reaction to the compression of the nerve root, there is an asymmetry in the muscle tone. This leads to the formation of painful muscular densities( persistent muscle spasms).
The longer painful muscular densities exist, the more irreversible the changes will be. Muscle spasms clamp blood vessels. In turn, this leads to a lack of oxygen and causes a gradual death of muscle fibers.
Painful muscle seals are replaced with scar tissue, for which elasticity is not characteristic. The danger of these seals is that they can cause disturbances in the functions of even distant organs( headaches, pains in the chest and upper limbs).
Causes of the disease
A large impact on the development of this disease is exerted on the spine. It is not necessary that the loads are excessive for the appearance of symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical vertebrae. Long retention of the body in a sitting or tilting position also causes illness.
The reasons may also be:
- hereditary predisposition;
- acute or chronic injury of intervertebral discs;
- scoliosis, kyphosis, lordosis;
- physical inactivity;
- wrong position of the neck during sleep;
- incorrect posture;
- pathology of the musculoskeletal apparatus.
Stress and depression are also the causes of cervical osteochondrosis. In complex psychological situations, the neck muscles involuntarily strain. Constant tension causes pain.
Causes of osteochondrosis of the cervical region can be associated with the temporomandibular joint( VPN).Its asymmetry can also provoke the disease. The result of such a pathology of the joints can be injuries, incorrect bite, chewing habits, etc.
Under stress, a person not only strains the muscles of the neck, but also clenches his teeth. This leads to the development of VPN - a syndrome, which manifests itself in the tension and pain of the head, neck and back.
It is important to look at some details that involuntarily cause muscle tension. These details can be tight collars of shirts, and even uncomfortable tight bra straps.
Symptoms of the disease
Symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are manifested primarily by root pains of various locations. Depending on the stage of the disease, pain can provoke physical stress, uncomfortable postures, hypothermia. Pain occurs suddenly or gradually and is accompanied by numbness of body parts.
Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis:
- dizziness, headaches;
- pain in the upper limbs;
- intercostal neuralgia;
- cardiopathy( pain in the region of the heart);
- impaired mobility of the spinal column.
When the spinal cord is injured by altered intervertebral discs, severe diseases of the nervous system occur:
- paresis of the upper limbs.
Osteochondrosis can lead to loss of ability to work, and in the absence of treatment - to disability.
In addition, you can read about the symptoms of cervicothoracic osteochondrosis.