The Internet has ceased to be just a means of communication or a place of entertainment, now the global computer network is increasingly used in medicine. So, on February 2, 2014 on the Internet sites, television and broadcasting programs there were messages under the name "Internet in the help to health".
According to statistics, in 80% of cases the cause of disability are strokes. They have a very dangerous property - they overtake a person suddenly. In some cases, the patient can save, in others - not. People who have suffered strokes, continue to live, communicate, but many of the actions that they have recently done with ease themselves, it is much more difficult or impossible to do it yourself. Close friends help during the rehabilitation period. They teach you to speak again, to walk, to recognize others. Such assistance takes not only a lot, but a lot of time, and in order for the rehabilitation process to proceed as efficiently as possible, special knowledge is needed. And here to help solve this problem, classes will be organized with a speech therapist and an instructor on the Internet.
How will these classes take place?
In online mode, the instructor will use a special simulator to train patients. Gradually, after a certain number of sessions, the patient will be able to independently conduct classes using such a simulator.
The patient will be offered to use special gloves, with which he will work daily on fine motor skills, and the doctor will be able to monitor the performance of tasks, adjust the program, help others.
As explained neuropathologist, neuro-reabilitologist FGBU "LRC" of the Ministry of Health Pavel Snopkov, developed a program of virtual reality. For its functioning, an ordinary web camera is required, which is capable of reading data from sensors of observation. The specialist develops specific exercises, taking into account the individual characteristics of the particular patient. Exercises, which the doctor offers, can be performed either in the sitting position or in the standing position. The program, according to the plans of the developers, should provide a process of rehabilitation and feedback, that is, the doctor does not just create the program, but also controls the progress of its implementation, receives reports, analyzes, forecasts.
The patient enters his personal cabinet on the site, where he receives a task from the attending physician for one day and proceeds to perform it. The expert instructor controls how well the exercises are performed and the speed at which they are performed. The patient does not need to go to a polyclinic, it is much easier for relatives to help a loved one. Experts believe that the psychological factor should work. The patient is encouraged to perform the exercises himself, thereby personalizing his responsibility. The patient understands that it is from him, and not from accidental circumstances, that the rehabilitation process depends.
The rehabilitation programs under discussion have already been tested - the CSR activities in Moscow. Patients were asked to indicate the pros and cons of the programs. Their wishes will be taken into account.
The rehabilitation program after the strokes has already gone a long way, not remaining on paper solely as a project. The very idea of such programs can be used in various areas of medical science. It seems that its potential will be fully disclosed.