The human abdomen is not a separate independent organ and represents an anatomical area of the body, combining several very important tissues and organs for human vital activity. Each of us has experienced pain in the abdomen more than once in our life. Usually a single case of pain does not pose a threat to the health and life of a person, quickly passes and is forgotten. If the pain occurs in one place from day to day, this is a weighty cause for concern.
Pain in the left side of the abdomen can have so many reasons. They are associated with the malfunctions of those organs that are located precisely in this anatomical region. The pains that arise in the upper left part of the abdomen, testify to diseases of the intestine, liver, spleen, stomach, diaphragm.
The appearance of pain in the right lower abdomen is usually accompanied by the appearance of the same symptom in the left part. In this case, we should talk about appendicitis, pancreatitis, kidney damage, liver or bladder.
The most common diseases accompanied by pain in the left side of the abdomen are: gastritis, gastric ulcer, mononucleosis, hernia of the diaphragm.
- Gastritis is an inflammation associated with changes in the gastric mucosa that occurs as a result of malnutrition, alcohol abuse, smoking, overeating, acid poisoning, taking certain medications, and the like. There are two forms of gastritis. The acute form of the disease is most often associated with the ingestion of a specific microorganism - Helicobacter pylori - in the stomach, it develops within a few days and is accompanied by the appearance of heaviness in the abdomen, pain in the left side, belching, loss of appetite, and heartburn. Chronic gastritis may not manifest itself for a long period of time. Sometimes its main symptoms are: heartburn, abdominal pain, constipation, belching. The initial stage of gastritis is treated with a diet that excludes from eating fried, salty, spicy food. When a serious lesion of the gastric mucosa requires treatment with medications. Leaving the presence of gastritis without attention is not necessary, because it can cause the development of more serious stomach diseases.
- Gastric ulcer is a pathology of the digestive tract associated with the appearance of a defect in the mucous membrane of the stomach in the form of deep ulcers. This disease proceeds chronically, while the patient can be disturbed by frequent abdominal pain, heartburn, nausea. The development of peptic ulcer is greatly influenced by diet, lack of sleep, stress, the presence of gastritis, hormonal failures in the body. Nutrition for gastric ulcer should be strictly limited. Usually patients are recommended to follow the same diet, which is prescribed for gastritis. Treatment of peptic ulcer involves the taking of some medications, but most of them struggle with the elimination of the main symptoms of the disease, but can not completely eliminate it. The treatment regimen for stomach ulcers depends on such factors as the age of the patient, the presence of other diseases of the digestive system. In the case of perforation of the stomach ulcer, surgical intervention is performed. This disease is very dangerous for human life, its most dangerous complications include: internal bleeding, degeneration into a malignant tumor, pancreatitis, cholecystitis.
- Mononucleosis is an infectious disease considered a variety of angina and caused by a specific Epstein-Barr virus. Mononucleosis is transmitted from one person to another in a contact and household way, through saliva and blood. The danger of this disease is its negative impact on the spleen, usually it implies its increase. The enlargement of the organ is accompanied by the appearance of pain in the left side of the abdomen. Excessive enlargement of the spleen often leads to its rupture, which can be determined by the following symptoms: a sharp pain in the abdomen, a cluster of blood in the navel, which makes itself felt blue. When the spleen ruptures, the patient needs urgent surgical care. Otherwise, the onset of an early lethal outcome is inevitable.
- Hernia of the diaphragm is a disease most often manifested in senile age. A diaphragm is a muscle that separates the abdominal and thoracic cavities. The structure of the muscle provides a special opening through which the stomach connects to the esophagus. The lumen of this opening may increase due to the weakening of the diaphragm, with the uppermost part of the stomach protruding into the chest cavity. This condition is called a hernia of the diaphragm. Very often it is accompanied by the appearance of pain in the left upper abdomen.
Sharp abdominal pain is also the main symptom of inflammation of an important organ - the pancreas( pancreatitis), while it can be localized in both its left part and in the right. Recognize the pancreatitis can be by the nature of this very pain, usually it is characterized by extraordinary strength and gives back to the area of the back. Often inflammation is accompanied by vomiting and an increase in body temperature. The most susceptible to the development of inflammation of the pancreas are people who have kidney stones, taking steroid hormones, suffering from asthma, diabetes and alcohol dependence. Patients subject to the development of pancreatitis, it is not recommended to eat foods high in fat and carbohydrates.
Even in the presence of medical knowledge to establish the cause of the pain in the left side is unlikely to succeed. The most optimal solution in this case will be to seek qualified help. Only an expert using modern diagnostic methods will be able to identify the exact cause of the origin of the pain and prescribe the right treatment. Even with the appearance of minor pain in any side of the abdomen, it is inadvisable to treat it. It is most reliable to entrust this matter to a medical officer. In most cases, self-medication will not have a positive effect, but time playing an important role in the development of many diseases will be hopelessly missed.