Osteochondrosis is a degenerative-dystrophic pathology, which leads to a disruption in the nutrition of bones and cartilages of the spine. As a result of the development of osteochondrosis, the intervertebral discs become denser and thinner. The vertebrae are pinched, which leads to their protrusion beyond the vertebral column. This leads to pinching of the nerve roots and the onset of inflammatory processes. The main symptom of the disease is pain in the area of the affected intervertebral discs and in places that are even indirectly associated with them.
The main causes of
The disease develops due to:
- physically passive lifestyle;
- excessive loads on the spine or their uneven distribution( for example, when wearing weights always in only one hand);
- disorders of posture;
- wearing uncomfortable shoes( high heels);
- genetic predisposition;
- of bad habits;
- inadequate intake of calcium and vitamin D;
- irrational power;
- age changes.
Special symptoms of osteochondrosis in women
Symptoms of osteochondrosis may differ depending on the localization of the pathological process. The disease can affect the cervical, thoracic, lumbar or sacral parts of the spine.
Symptoms of osteochondrosis in women and men are very similar. Differences are noticeable only with lumbar osteochondrosis, since this disease causes menstrual irregularity in women
Symptoms of the disease are usually manifested in women at an earlier age. This is due to the fact that most men lead a more active lifestyle.
The manifestation of pathology in the thoracic department
For chest osteochondrosis is characterized by:
- Frequent occurrence of headaches and dizziness. Painful sensations are localized, usually in the parietal-temporal or occipital areas.
- Because of the squeezing of the nerve roots, limbs become numb. Noise in the ears and ringing.
- In the elderly, frequent loss of consciousness is likely.
- Hysterectomy and hoarseness.
- Visual impairment and tenderness of the eyes.
- Frequent occurrence of hiccoughs and shortness of breath attacks. Blood pressure changes.
- Constant tension of the neck muscles and, as a result, snoring.
The combination of these symptoms points to the osteochondrosis of the thoracic region almost certainly. However, self-diagnosis and self-medication is not recommended even for those who are sure of their diagnosis. To determine the exact pathology, you should consult a doctor.
Symptoms of chest osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis of the thoracic region is less common than other types of pathology. This is due to the fact that the chest area is less pronounced loads, which, moreover, are distributed more evenly.
Symptoms of chest osteochondrosis appear only at the stage of disease progression, so when they appear, you need to see a doctor urgently
. The main symptoms of the pathology are:
- pain when raising the arm up or tilting;
- painful deep breaths and exhalations;
- severe pain in the spine between the shoulder blades;
- appearance of "goosebumps" and "goosebumps" too often, numbness in some areas of the skin;
- pain in the heart.
Symptoms of lumbar injury
Symptoms of lumbar spine osteochondrosis are quite typical. In lumbar osteochondrosis, women are observed:
- Aching is a dull pain in the lumbar region. She can irradiate in the leg. Excessive tension of the muscles of the back.
- Severe pain when making attempts to bend over or make a sharp move. Stiffness of movements of the lumbar region, sometimes - all the back.
- The formation of a wrong posture.
- Pain after prolonged sitting.
- Pain in the lumbar region when lifting heavy objects.
- Varicose veins.
- Disturbance of the menstrual cycle.
Symptoms of sacral osteochondrosis
This type of disease is the least common. It inevitably leads to the spread of defeat pathology and lumbar spine. The peculiarity of manifestation of this type of disease is that they depend on the stage of development of the pathological process:
- The first stage of development of sacral osteochondrosis is characterized by the appearance of painful sensations in the lumbar region and / or sacrum.
- At the next stage, the signs of the disease are amplified and their number increases. To the symptomatic picture is added numbness of the limbs, increased sweating, frequent pain attacks. The attack can be accompanied by an increase in body temperature, which causes excessive sweating. The onset of all these symptoms is associated with nerve transmission. Lower extremities often become numb and almost always cold. Pain in the sacral region can be given to the hip, leg or even to the heel, permeating the entire leg from the sacrum to the bottom.
- The third stage is characterized by impaired motor activity. At this stage, there is a high probability of intervertebral hernias.
- In the fourth stage, the spine is deformed, the patient can not practically move independently. In this case, the patient is assigned a disability.
To avoid serious consequences, for general health it is necessary to consult a doctor if the first signs of any of the forms of osteochondrosis occur. The initial symptoms may be mild, they can be recognized only if you carefully listen to the signals of your body. Timely treatment allows you to avoid surgical intervention. Treatment in the early stages gives a pronounced effect and quickly restores health.
- Main causes of
- Special symptoms of osteochondrosis in women
- Manifestation of pathology in the thoracic
- Symptom of chest osteochondrosis
- Symptoms of lumbar
- Symptoms of sacral osteochondrosis