A meteorism is called swelling of the intestine as a result of the accumulation in the cavity of a large number of gases. This condition is not a separate disease, but merely a sign of the inflammatory or pathological process of the digestive system. Flatulence is both periodic and permanent.
- 1 Symptoms of the disease
- 2 Causes of flatulence
- 3 Treatment of meteorism
Symptoms of the disease
Symptom of flatulence can serve as an intense bursting of recurring and disappearing pains in the abdominal region. And also a feeling of heaviness in the stomach and intestines. The pain decreases or completely disappears after the gases have departed. For flatulence is also characterized by instability of the stool: alternation of constipation and diarrhea. Satellites of meteorism often are hiccups and belching with air or stomach contents( more often a portion of gastric juice thrown from the stomach into the esophagus).
The process of removing gases from the stomach and intestines( flatus) is either voluntary or involuntary. If the flotation is increased, there is a serious disruption of the gastrointestinal tract.
The stomach and intestines of a healthy person contain approximately 0.9 liters of gas, which is formed during the life of intestinal bacteria. The body of an adult human every day during defecation is released from half a liter of gas. However, flatulence provokes a more voluminous removal of gases, up to three liters per day. This is a necessary condition for the defensive reaction of the body. If in the presence of an excessively excessive amount of gases this reaction is not available, this can be extremely dangerous for human life. Natural gas includes hydrogen sulphide, ammonia, methane( up to 26%), hydrogen( up to 47%), carbon dioxide( up to 29%), nitrogen( up to 90%), oxygen( up to 23%) and mercaptan.
Causes of flatulence
In case of frequent recurrences of flatulence, you should consult a specialist, as this may indicate the presence of a certain type of pathology of the intestine or stomach. In infants, involuntary flutulence is caused by imperfections in the enzymatic functions of the digestive tract. Adult people are also exposed to the risk of meteorism in the abuse of indigestible gas-producing products( fried, spicy, pickled dishes), alcoholic drinks and highly carbonated beverages. Enzymes contained in gastric juice, in this case, can not cope with the task, which leads to fermentation and decomposition of undigested food in the stomach and intestines. The gas released at the same time creates a number of problems.
People who prefer cell-based products like cabbage, apples, pears, radishes, eggplants can also suffer from meteorism. Patients with a history of stomach or bowel disease often complain of flatulence. The provoking factor may serve as varieties of gastric or intestinal ulcers, colitis, enterocolitis, acute or chronic gastritis, both with reduced and with increased secretory function, cirrhosis, pancreatitis.
After surgery on the digestive organs, patients very often suffer from gassing in the intestines with all the resulting painful sensations. Patients who underwent surgery for intestinal resection are particularly hard at this condition, since they are characterized by hypotension of the stomach and intestines. The meteorism in such patients is combined with constipation, eructation, severe nausea, headaches, weakness, general malaise.
To a group of causes of the appearance of flatulence include all kinds of acute infections of the gastrointestinal tract. The most severe course is salmonellosis and other dangerous viral diseases. Parasites living in the intestines, carrying out all their processes of vital activity at the expense of the "master", isolating toxins into the intestinal cavity. People suffering from helminthiasis, ascariasis and other parasitic diseases complain of the persistence of the manifestation of flatulence, severe nausea, pain in the intestine and itching in the area of the sphincter of the rectum.
Often occurring congenital or acquired pathology of the intestine, dolechosigma, is manifested by constant meteorisms. The occurrence of flatulence in this case is explained by an elongated intestine, which makes it difficult to promote processed food in the intestine. Sometimes food has the property of being idle in the intestinal cavity for hours.
Peritonitis as a formidable complication of the pathology of internal organs, often accompanied by internal bleeding, leads to intestinal atony. Food can not pass into the intestinal cavity due to the lack of peristalsis of its segments.
Flatulence can occur in persons suffering from neuroses, since in this case, the motor peristaltic function of the intestine is disrupted, short-term or prolonged intestinal spasms are possible. It should be said that the diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are often the result of mental disorders or strong emotional shocks.
Intestinal neoplasm causing intestinal obstruction is considered one of the most formidable causes of flatulence. Intestinal obstruction is divided into full and segmental depending on the localization and proliferation of the tumor. A benign intestinal tumor requiring surgical intervention is dangerous with the risk of degeneration into a malignant tumor with untimely begun treatment.
Treatment of meteorism
The causes of flatulence indicate the presence of a certain disease in the patient. From the correct diagnosis as a result of the examination of the patient depends on the choice of methods of treatment. First of all, the treating doctor faces the problem of eliminating the inflammatory process or the focus of pathology in the body of the observed. If flatulence is caused by errors in nutrition and is of a brief episodic nature, such a case does not require special treatment. The patient is prescribed adsorbents and a certain diet, excluding cellulose, strong drinks, spicy, acidic and salty dishes.
If the basis of flatulence is stress, if necessary, recommend sedatives, exercise and rest.
In the presence of helminths in the intestine, a thorough anti-parasitic therapy is carried out, which also includes the use of adsorbents, carminative agents.
Patients suffering from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and infectious diseases, conquer flatulence only after a serious and prolonged treatment, which is prescribed by the attending physician. It is possible that in-patient treatment will be required. Patients with a low secretory function are prescribed enzymes and bacteria, preparations containing bacteria that promote the normalization of the intestinal flora to optimize digestive functions.
Dolehosigma does not require special treatment. Patients with this pathology should be excluded from the diet of irritating foods. Eat at least five times a day, consuming food in small portions. To prompt intervention in this case, specialists resort to the most extreme cases, when this pathology negatively affects the patient's normal lifestyle, up to partial loss of ability to work.
At the slightest suspicion of peritonitis or the presence of a tumor in the intestine, the doctor should be directed to a patient for a more thorough examination with an exhaustive statement of the exact diagnosis. The further tactics of the specialist should be based on the choice of the method of treatment that is most favorable for the life and health of the patient. Operative intervention is possible only as the only way to cure the patient.