Low blood pressure in pregnant women: how dangerous is it?

Control of pressure during pregnancy is a necessary procedure. As a rule, they are very wary of hypertension in expectant mothers, since it can be a symptom of preeclampsia. However, it is by no means a rarity - low blood pressure during pregnancy. If, in general, hypotension does not cause special concern, then during the bearing of the child, it can not be ignored. Especially seriously it is necessary to concern to this women at whom and before pregnancy the lowered pressure was observed. In expectant mothers, who have never had hypotension before, it usually develops in the first trimester, which is explained by hormonal reorganization.

Pregnancy rate

It is believed that the future mother should not be allowed to lower the pressure below 95/65 mm Hg. Of course, the norm for each woman has its own, including that of a pregnant woman, and it is not always necessary to focus on numbers, especially if the expectant mother feels well.

Pressure fluctuations in pregnancy - a normal phenomenon, if it deviates in one direction or another by 10%.With a decrease to a larger rate, it should be increased.

What is the danger of hypotension during child bearing?

Beyond pregnancy, low blood pressure does not cause particular concern. During the carrying of the child, it must be treated. Under reduced pressure, pregnant women may develop placental insufficiency, that is, a violation of blood circulation in the placenta. As a result, the fetus does not get enough nutrition, it can start oxygen starvation. It is possible that the child lags behind in development and growth. Low blood pressure in pregnant women on the last terms may cause premature birth.

It is also worth considering that hypotension has unpleasant symptoms, which are expressed in the deterioration of the general well-being of a woman and her mood.

Causes of

The causes of hypotension during child bearing are different. The main ones are the following:

  • Stress state. During pregnancy, a woman experiences great psycho-emotional stress, during this period, she tends to overreact to everything that happens.
  • A sedentary lifestyle.
  • The body's response to changes in the hormonal background.
  • Infectious diseases.
  • Cardiovascular diseases.
  • Dehydration of the body.
  • Overwork and lack of sleep.
  • Significant blood loss.
  • Hereditary predisposition.
It is believed that women with lean physique are prone to hypotension during pregnancy.

Signs of

During the waiting period of the baby, the woman is measured every time the pressure on the gynecologist's admission, so any changes will be detected in time. In addition, there are signs that low blood pressure can be suspected. Different women, they can be different. The most characteristic are the following:

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What is recommended to drink under reduced pressure?

  • Severe weakness.
  • Nausea.
  • Very fast fatigue.
  • Permanent drowsiness.
  • Headaches.
  • Feeling of air shortage.
  • Reduced performance.
  • Frequent dizziness.
  • Darkening in the eyes.
  • Ringing or tinnitus.
  • Shortness of breath when walking.
  • Heart palpitations.
  • Fainting.

Treatment of hypotension in pregnancy

With a significant reduction in pressure during the gestation of a child, treatment is necessary. Particularly interested in what to do with hypotension, those pregnant women, whose symptoms are pronounced and cause a lot of inconvenience.

To increase pressure, it is necessary carefully and under the supervision of a doctor, since many well-known drugs are contraindicated. It is best during this period to dispense with medications that can lead to malformations of the fetus. There are many ways to increase pressure without drugs, but to get results, they need to be applied in a complex.

pregnant girl
Walking in the open air and moderate exercise - the best way to increase the pressure during pregnancy

First of all, it is necessary to adjust the regime of the day. The future mum should walk a lot on the street, do not overdo it and be sure to get enough sleep. Walking should last 2-3 hours. At night you need to sleep at least 9 hours, preferably to sleep for a couple of hours and in the afternoon. With good health and no contraindications, it is recommended to exercise. You can enroll in the gymnasium for pregnant women or aqua aerobics classes.

Of great importance are products. A balanced diet can ease the condition of a future mother. The diet should include fresh vegetables, herbs, berries, fruits. It is especially useful to eat fresh strawberries, fresh celery root, natural tomato juice, parsley greens. It is recommended to eat protein foods: milk, kefir, cottage cheese, liver, eggs, butter. There is a very simple way to raise the pressure - eat something salty. After that, the woman will drink more, and this will lead to an increase in the volume of circulating blood and increase the pressure. But it is important to remember that you can not abuse salty foods during this period.

As for coffee, it is advised to drink a little and preferably infrequently. The drink should be not strong and with the addition of milk. It is also not recommended to abuse chocolate in order to increase the pressure, occasionally you can eat a few lobules.

It is important to remember that you need to eat often and in small portions, you need to include a variety of foods in the diet.

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Some simple recommendations for improving well-being in pregnant women

  1. If low blood pressure leads to nausea, it is recommended to lie on your back, raise your legs and lean against the wall. In this case, the blood will flow from the legs to the head, providing the brain with oxygen, and the condition will improve. It is also the prevention of varicose veins.
  2. Wearing compression knitwear helps to normalize pressure.
  3. In the morning it is not recommended to take a vertical position abruptly - this can lead to dizziness and nausea. Before you get up, you need to lie down a little, stretch, then slowly climb.
  4. For normalization of pressure, you can take a contrast shower, while the procedure ends with cool water. It's good to do dousing with cool water, as well as contrasting showers of the feet and hands.

In conclusion

Low blood pressure during pregnancy is common. During this period, it must be treated, because for the future mother it can be dangerous. To increase pressure with the help of any pharmacy or folk remedies is not recommended, without consulting a doctor.