Calcium is a vital element for any living organism, one of the main building blocks for the skeleton and all bones, an indispensable, active alkaline earth component that participates in many basic metabolic processes in the body.
We consume it with food, but modern trends significantly reduce the already small doses of natural calcium in foods. The only way to fill the gap is the use of special drugs. However, how to choose the optimal form of calcium, which would be quickly and fully absorbed by the body and at the same time would be inexpensive? What are calcium preparations for?
The choice of the necessary drug must begin with an awareness of its importance to the body, as well as useful properties and potential risks of taking the drug.
Calcium in the adult body performs a huge range of vital system functions. It is the main one for bone and teeth tissues, normalizes blood clotting, provides normal function of muscle contraction.
Recent studies show that it is calcium that slows down the aging process, the element in complex therapy acts as an inhibitor of the development of cancer. For middle-aged and older people, calcium is needed to combat osteoporosis, menopause, as well as increased blood pressure and certain cardiovascular problems.
This element also blocks the absorption of human body, saturated fat, normalizes the work of the digestive tract, fights against "bad" cholesterol.
Calcium is the most important mineral for children, starting from the first days of life. It helps the child to develop fully and be healthy. This element in the child's body is involved in more than three hundred biochemical processes, from the formation and development of bone tissue to the work of muscles and the cardiovascular system.
Calcium in various forms regulates the acid-base balance of the body, protects the vessels from permeability, regulates muscle tone and blood coagulability. Insufficient amounts of calcium can cause the child to have convulsions, multiple sclerosis, rickets, pathologies of the development of the lens of the eye, poor blood clotting. The full development of the baby, including active growth of the skeleton, directly depends on the presence in the body of a sufficient amount of the above-described substance.
Diseases in which calcium preparations are used
Modern research by scientists on the occurrence of diseases directly or indirectly associated with a lack of calcium in the body is actively published in the foreign press. According to reputable doctors, this problem can cause up to hundreds of various diseases and syndromes.
The most well-known reported cases:
- Osteoporosis is a decrease in bone density and an increase in brittleness of the skeleton with a significant increase in the risk of fractures.
- Rickets is a childhood disease caused by insufficient mineralization of bone tissue and leading to a change in its structure.
- Osteomalacia is a disease similar to rickets, found in adolescents and adults.
- Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas.
- Climax is a syndrome of physiological decline in the sexual constitution.
- Renal and hepatic insufficiency.
- Thyroid function change.
- Cachexia and anorexia are a depletion of the body.
- Cardiovascular diseases.
- Infectious, autoimmune and inflammatory diseases of a wide spectrum.
- Acquired defects of connective and bone tissue.
- Pulmonary and heart failure.
- Various neuropathies and stresses.
- Dysfunction of the digestive tract.
How to choose and what to look for?
Almost every modern person, in addition to the natural calcium contained in the products, requires an additional intake of drugs, due to the steady decrease of this useful element in the daily diet. For example, pregnant women and children need at least one and a half daily essential dose, and patients in the recovery period - even double. What kind of calcium to choose? Let's consider this issue more closely.
Currently, calcium preparations are divided into two large groups - animal complexes and drug substrates.
The first are food additives made from limestone, oyster shells, dolomite, animal bones and other natural base products. This type of drugs is inexpensive and is available in large dosages. However, there are two peculiarities here: the concentration of calcium directly in the mixture( it is lower than in the classical factory tablets), as well as various natural pollutants, in particular lead, because it accumulates in the places of calcium deposition. At a sufficiently high concentration, this pollutant can damage the brain and cardiovascular system, almost and even change behavior with the advent of aggression and a general decline in intellectual functions.
The least of all such negative additives according to the results of the study is contained in chelated forms and calcium carbonates, most of all in bones and shells of oysters. Therefore, if you are going to buy calcium preparations on the basis of natural structures, be sure to choose the drugs with the maximum level of purification.
In addition, calcium preparations should be used together with phosphorus and magnesium - just so, these components mutually reinforce the joint beneficial effect on the body and make up for the loss of these minerals. If the body lacks any of the three designated elements, then how much you use one or the other two, they will be very badly absorbed. As an additional modulator should also take vitamin D3( the same fish oil) and vitamin C - the first catalyzes the absorption of calcium, the second is a kind of balancing for other minerals.
Preparations from purified substances most often represent various compounds of a semi-synthetic nature in the form of salts. They are released in the form of solutions or compressed tablets. Here you should pay attention to the very formula of salt, because each of them can contain a different concentration of elemental calcium. So calcium gluconate and calcium lactate contain only 90 to 130 milligrams of pure substance per gram of substrate, whereas calcium chloride is 270, and calcium carbonate is more than 400 milligrams per gram of compound.
List of the best drugs with the description of
Calcium Carbonate with Magnesium
This combined preparation contains a large amount of calcium in the bound system form. Used to fill the lack of balance of calcium and magnesium in the body, has a pronounced antacid effect on the gastrointestinal tract. Does not cause hypersecretion and soybean acid balance.
Children after twelve years of age and adults use two tablets after meals, dissolving them in the mouth. Maximum dosage - 12 tablets per day
Possible side effects: hypercalcemia, change in the consistency of the stool. The drug is contraindicated in systemic disorders of kidney function, patients with hypercalcemia. Be wary appoint pregnant until the third trimester.
A drug that regulates the balance of calcium and calcium in the body. It is used primarily to combat hypocalcemia, as an additional therapy in the treatment of lesions of the thyroid gland and blood vessels. Has a positive effect in the treatment of hemorrhagic vasculitis, pleurisy, pneumonia, endometritis, nephritis, eclampsia. Used as a hemostatic agent and as an antidote for poisoning with magnesium salts, and as a diuretic.
Available as a solution. Adults( intravenous injection, very slowly, drip or jet) are prescribed 15 milliliters of solution 2 or three times a day, children - five to ten milliliters of solution twice a day.
Side effects: bradycardia, fibrillation of the gastric cardiac muscle, sensation of heat, heartburn, pain in the epigastric region. The drug is contraindicated in thromboses, atherosclerosis, hypercalicemia, as well as for intramuscular or subcutaneous injection.
Calcium D3 Nycomed
One of the most famous calcium preparations, combined with vitamin D3.The complex replenishes the deficiency of calcium in the body and promotes its absorption. Calcium D3 Nycomed regulates the absorption of trace elements in the digestive tract, prevents the increased synthesis of parathyroid hormones, increases the resorption of bones. Used for complex therapies of a number of diseases, including osteoporosis and other conditions associated with calcium deficiency.
The drug is taken orally. Children - one tablet twice a day. Adolescents from twelve years old and adults - two tablets three times a day.
Possible side effects: allergic reactions, gastrointestinal disturbances. Calcium D3 Nycomed is contraindicated in people with renal insufficiency, sarcoidosis, phenylketonuria, allergic and elderly, children under five years of age.
These complex preparations in addition to classical calcium, contains in the form of sulfates, oxides and other compounds, also zinc, magnesium, copper, boron and colcalciferol. The drug actively regulates calcium metabolism in the body. Pharmacokinetics Calcemin Advance is at present the object of complex research and has not been fully studied.
The drug is used to reduce calcium deficiency, strengthen bone tissue, as well as prevent problems with the musculoskeletal system and other diseases associated with hypocalcemia. Dosage for children over twelve years and adults - one tablet twice a day.
Side effects: vomiting, nausea, hypercalcemia, flatulence, allergic skin rashes. Calcemin Advance is prohibited for children under the age of twelve, with kidney stones and kidney failure. In pregnancy and lactation, this medicine should be taken with caution, accurately calculating the dosage and not exceeding it under the supervision of the attending physician. Up to 20 percent of calcium consumed penetrates into breast milk, so limit the use of the drug in the event that you give the child any calcium supplements.
Transfer "Live healthy!" About food with calcium
Choose calcium preparations correctly, correctly apply them in practice and never get sick!