Arthrosis of the shoulder joint is the pathology of the joints, which is expressed in the degeneration of the cartilaginous and bone tissue. Dystrophic disorders, or simply the destruction of cartilage, do not arise spontaneously - the development of the disease requires a long-term effect of pathogenic factors - from several months to several years.
- Sedentary lifestyle, no morning exercises and sedentary work.
- Work or hobby associated with excessive physical exertion on the shoulder joint. We are talking about, for example, plasterers, painters, tennis players and other specialties.
- Lack of timely treatment of some infectious diseases that cause complications from the musculoskeletal system. Acute or chronic arthritis can eventually cause degenerative tissue degeneration.
- Disturbance of metabolism, as a result of which salts begin to be deposited directly in the joint cavity, which greatly complicates the normal nutrition of bone and cartilaginous tissues.
It should be noted that the predisposition to the development of arthrosis of the shoulder joint is genetically determined. If the family already had cases of chronic diseases of the musculoskeletal system, then the risk of developing arthrosis in representatives of subsequent generations increases.
Arthrosis of the shoulder joint: symptoms
- 1 Arthrosis of the shoulder joint: symptoms
- 2 Degrees
- 3 Treatment of arthrosis
- 4 Treatment of arthrosis of the shoulder joint at home
- 5 Exercises for arthrosis
- 6 Deforming arthrosis of the shoulder joint
Symptomatic of the disease at the first stages seems to patientsblurred. Most of them simply miss the moment of appearance of the first unpleasant sensations in the shoulder, and turn to the doctor only when the pain becomes their constant companion. In order not to bring the situation to critical, it is worthwhile to pay attention to the following signs of arthrosis :
- Pain in the shoulder or discomfort of varying severity at the moment when the hand takes a certain position. Gradually, the nerve endings begin to react not only to physical exertion, but also to other stimuli. For example, some patients report increased pain when weather changes.
- Stiffness of movements. A characteristic feature is the inability to take your hand back. The smaller the amplitude of free movement in the shoulder girdle, the more advanced the disease. The simplest diagnostic test for the presence of arthrosis is the exercise "Lock", to perform which you need to connect your hands behind your back. If the patient can not do this or it is given with visible effort, then the person needs a qualified medical help from an orthopedist.
Depending on the clinical manifestation of symptoms, physicians distinguish several stages of the development of the disease. To determine arthrosis of 1st degree of a shoulder joint on an x-ray is simple enough - on a film the "symptom of a ring" will be embodied - this kind is accepted by the deformed articulate hollow. Subjectively, patients experience pain, which can be permanent or appear only during certain movements of the hands.
To determine on the X-ray arthrosis of the 2nd degree it is possible by the characteristic narrowing of the joint gap and the appearance of specific outgrowths - osteophytes. Muscles and ligaments begin to deform, while the periosteum thickens. The amplitude of movements with hands decreases, the intensity of pain increases. At this stage, most often the patient can no longer perform the exercise "Castle".
The third degree is characterized by almost constant pain. The patient seeks to accept a forced position, in which the pain in the shoulder is felt the least. The picture shows obvious dystrophic joint damage.
Osteoarthritis is characterized by a chronic course. From the first to the third stage, it usually takes several years. This suggests that the patient can and should notice a characteristic symptomatology and see a doctor as soon as possible.
Treatment of arthrosis
Treatment of dystrophic diseases of the musculoskeletal system at the first stages is carried out only by conservative methods. If you address them in a timely manner, it is possible to stop the development of the disease and completely take control of the pain syndrome. The most common medications for the treatment of arthrosis include:
- Anti-inflammatory drugs( non-steroidal and hormonal nature);
- Muscle relaxants;
- Preparations that improve trophic tissue.
Excellent effect can be obtained if you combine medicines and manual therapy with therapeutic gymnastics.
In the case when the disease has gone too far, arthroplasty of the joint, which is performed surgically, is shown.
Treatment of arthrosis of the shoulder joint at home
Treatment of arthrosis by home methods is effective only at the first stage of the disease, and should be carried out exclusively in combination with the methods of official medicine.
The most common ointments for arthrosis of the shoulder joint are prepared precisely on the so-called grandmother's prescriptions, that is, on the basis of herbs, goose or shark fat and other
natural ingredients. In addition to ointments, sprays, compresses and tinctures on plant raw materials became widespread.
The use of home methods requires regular diagnosis in order to connect pharmaceuticals in time, if natural therapy is ineffective.
Exercises for arthrosis
For rapid recovery, moderate physical exertion is necessary. Doctors say that arthrosis of the right shoulder joint is much more common than the left one. This suggests that during work, the right-handed person( and the majority of them) unevenly distributes the load and needs effective and regular, but not tedious exercises for the shoulder girdle.
The most effective are circular movements forward and backward shoulders. Exercise is performed with the maximum possible amplitude every few hours.
Actually also the reduction of hands behind the back. It is necessary to strive to join hands in the lock without making sharp movements. Patients with prolonged sedentary work are recommended to conduct a sports "pyatiminutku" every hour.
Deforming arthrosis of the shoulder joint
For deforming arthrosis is characterized by the presence of a large number of osteophytes, which grow inside the joint bag. The cause of their appearance may be salt, which is delayed due to metabolic disorders. With timely and adequate treatment, arthrosis of the clavicle-brachial joint can not only be stopped, but also achieved significant regression, restoring the usual amplitude of movements and relieving the patient of persistent pain.