- Features of the osteochondropathy of the spine
- Causes of the development of the disease
- Symptoms of osteochondropathy
- Treatment of the disease
Osteochondropathy is a pathology of bone and cartilaginous tissue that occurs mostly in young people. It is believed that the destruction of the vertebrae is due to increased physical exertion, as well as a lack of nutrients. The disease is quite rare, but it is difficult to treat. Subjected to him more often boys in their teens, living in a place with a cold, humid climate.
Features of osteochondropathy of the spine
The disease develops in children and adolescents aged 11 to 18 years. It is difficult to diagnose at an early stage and treat, but with timely therapy it completely goes along with the cessation of bone growth. Osteochondropathy of the spine develops most often in the thoracic region, but also in the lumbar region. The disease is the destruction of the bodies of the vertebrae or discs. There are several of its types:
- Chondropathic kyphosis. The first to describe this disease are two scientists, by whose name it is now known. They call him Sheyerman-Mau's disease. With it, there is inflammation of the muscles at the place of attachment to the vertebrae. The vertebrae themselves are deformed and acquire a wedge shape. Because of this, the spine in the thoracic region curves backward - kyphosis develops.
- Chondropathy, that is, the destruction of the vertebra itself. This variety is called Calve's disease. In this case, the vertebrae expand and decrease in height. The spinous process strongly protrudes, there is a pain when it feels.
- Inflammation of the vertebral body is called Kymmel's disease. Most often it develops after a trauma.
In case of osteochondropathy, vertebrae are deformed and the spine bends back
development The necrosis and destruction of bone tissue most often develops due to a violation of its blood supply. This pathology can be triggered by such factors:
- genetic predisposition;
- hormonal imbalance;
- severe infectious diseases;
- a violation of the absorption of calcium and certain vitamins;
- congenital pathology of the musculoskeletal system;
- circulatory disorders;
- frequent microtrauma, high load on the spine.
Osteochondropathy of the spine is very difficult to diagnose
Symptoms of osteochondropathy
It is very difficult to diagnose the disease, especially in the initial stages, when there are no obvious symptoms. When carrying out an X-ray examination or tomography, you can identify signs of destruction of bone and cartilaginous tissue. In order to start treatment in time, parents need to be more attentive to the state of children. You should immediately consult a doctor if you have such symptoms:
- at first the child complains of pain, often not strong, which pass after rest;
- appears quick fatigue of the muscles, their weakness and asymmetry;
- with the progression of the pain becomes more intense;
- because of the destruction of bone tissue develops the deformation of the spine;
- in the area of the affected vertebrae it is easy to feel the protruding spinous process;
- many patients with osteochondropathy have difficulty in tilting the body or head forward;
- in the late stages of possible deformation of the chest.
The most common complication that develops when untimely therapy of the disease is kyphosis, spinal displacement and so-called flat back. In middle age, because of this, there is osteochondrosis. Due to necrosis of bone tissue, fractures are possible. Therefore it is very important that the treatment was started immediately, when there are complaints of pain. Its main objectives should be:
- cupping of pain syndrome;
- correction of posture and restoration of natural bends of the spine;
- prevention of osteochondrosis;
- restoration of functions of vertebrae and disks, body mobility, especially when tilting forward.
In osteochondropathy, it is important to correct the posture and restore the functions of the vertebrae.
Treatment of osteochondropathy of the spine includes the exclusion of large physical exertion, physical therapy, massage, physiotherapy and the administration of medications prescribed by the doctor. Sometimes a complete restriction of mobility is shown - bed rest on a hard bed. For severe pain and deformity of the vertebrae, traction with a load on an inclined plane or under water is used.
Water procedures for osteochondropathy are very useful, especially swimming and therapeutic baths. Treatment of the disease also includes a proper diet, in which there are many foods rich in vitamins B and A, as well as calcium. In rare cases of the started course of the disease, surgical treatment is prescribed. It is necessary if complications or severe deformity of the spine develop.
What medications are prescribed
The osteochondropathy of the spine is characterized by pain and tissue destruction. Therefore, such drugs are used that relieve the patient of these signs:
- painkillers - "Paracetamol", "Ketanov", "Ibuprofen";
- anti-inflammatory drugs - "Nimesil", "Aertal", "Dexalgin"
- vasodilators, for example, "Actovegin";
- multivitamins with calcium;
- means to restore intestinal microflora, which are needed to better assimilate trace elements from food, for example, "Wobenzym".
Physical Exercises for Osteochondropathy
The main treatment for a disease is exercise therapy. Heavy physical exertion must be excluded, especially weight lifting, jumping. In the absence of severe pain, special exercises are performed with a gradual increase in their number and number of repetitions. Do preferably 2-3 times a day.
A useful exercise for all patients is to sit or walk using a special reclining stick located at the level of the thoracic spine. At the back, it should be wrapped in elbows. Other exercises are developed individually, taking into account the features of the course of the disease.
Special exercises - an important condition for the return of spinal mobility
Pain in children often occurs after loads or prolonged sitting at the table. Therefore, it is recommended that some of the homework be done in the supine position, and for sitting, use a chair with a high back bent forward. You need to sleep on a hard bed, putting a wooden shield under the mattress.
Osteochondrosis often develops after people suffer from a disease. To prevent the destruction of bone tissue of the spine, it is very important to form a muscular corset in children, and also to protect them from strong physical exertion. Proper nutrition and normalization of metabolism are also very important for the prevention of osteochondropathy.