Streptoderma is a skin infectious disease, the main causative agent of which is streptococcus. Most of this infection affects children under the age of seven, because their skin is still very thin, tender and does not have the necessary protective barrier. Such a microorganism as streptococcus is a natural inhabitant of human skin. However, he does not do him any harm. When certain conditions occur, streptococcus enters the body and begins to lead an active wrecking activity. Such predisposing conditions include: insufficient adherence to hygiene rules, overwork, stress, decreased immunity, lack of vitamins in the body. The cause of streptodermia in children is most often an insect bite, a scratch, in general, any skin damage through which the microorganism enters the body. This infection is very contagious, it is transmitted by the household way, through clothes, dishes, toys, to which the sick child touched, with direct contact with the patient.
Symptoms of streptodermia in children
The main symptoms of streptodermia in children are:
- The appearance on the skin of small bubbles with fluid, gradually turning into abscesses, mainly in the face, legs and back, skin peeling;
- General malaise, loss of appetite, decreased level of activity;
- Increased temperature( in rare cases, when the disease has already spread to a large surface of the skin);
- Skin itching, burning, appearance of abscesses on the spot of very noticeable pigment spots.
At the initial stage of its development, the disease resembles the appearance of chickenpox. Therefore very important diagnosis and the establishment of an accurate diagnosis. These two similar diseases have a different nature of origin, and therefore are treated with the use of various drugs. Incorrect treatment of streptoderma or its absence lead to the transition of the disease into a chronic form, in which the heart and kidneys suffer.
Treatment of streptodermia
Treatment of streptodermia in children is carried out with the use of drugs of general and local action. The primary goal of therapy is to establish the cause of the disease, eliminate it, as well as the main pathogen - staphylococcus. A child who has been diagnosed with this condition should refuse to attend a kindergarten or school, because the disease is very quickly transferred from one person to another.
Local treatment of streptoderma consists in the treatment of affected areas of the skin with special drying agents( for example, a solution of fucocine or potassium permanganate), which contribute to the rapid drying of abscesses and the elimination of skin itching. If the appearance of skin rashes is accompanied by an increase in temperature, it is recommended to give the child an abundant drink in the form of natural juices, mors or pure boiled water. A sick child is categorically forbidden to bathe, as a moist environment contributes to the rapid spread of infection throughout the body.
To reduce the inflammation of the skin, the use of special lotions with a solution of tannin, resorcin, boric acid. Coping with itching and burning helps the use of special powders, which include antibacterial components. Powdered talc, white clay or starch is applied to the affected skin with a twisted cotton swab. To influence the deeper layers of the epidermis are used salicylic or ichthyol ointments and patches. Emerging on the baby's skin, blisters should be lubricated with iodine, which not only speeds up the drying process, but also helps to eliminate infection. If conservative therapy of the disease remains ineffective, a surgical method of treatment is used, which consists in the complete removal of affected tissue sites. Complete healing of the skin occurs ten days after the procedure. Chronic streptoderma is treated by piercing the blisters on the skin with a sterile needle and then applying an antiseptic dressing to the affected area of the skin. All surgical procedures are carried out, as a rule, only in the conditions of a polyclinic. It is not recommended to engage in independent treatment of a child.
Usually one course of treatment for strepoderma in a child lasts no more than a week, during this time, as a rule, it is possible to eliminate the main symptoms of the disease. In more neglected cases, the treatment of the baby will take much longer. If the abscesses managed to get a wide spread, while they are accompanied by fever and deterioration of the general well-being of the child, the specialist determines it for treatment in the hospital of the dermatological-venereological dispensary. Of drugs of general action, amoxicillin is usually prescribed. A modern method of treating the disease is autohemotherapy - a blood transfusion procedure, in which blood is taken from the patient's vein and injected into his gluteal region. This method of treatment allows you to get rid of streptoderma in a short period of time.
A sick child, as a rule, needs care and rest. If there are no indications for his hospitalization, it is recommended to provide proper treatment at home with a mandatory visit to the doctor. It should be remembered that streptoderma is contagious, and therefore can be transmitted from the child to other family members. In order for this to happen, it is necessary to observe the rules of hygiene, allocate a separate towel and dishes to the child, daily wet cleaning in the apartment, every three days to change the sick bed. As an additional treatment for the child and strengthening his immunity, you can use herbal medicine. However, before you give your child tea with herbs, you should consult a specialist and make sure that the child does not have allergies on them. As a consequence of streptoderma in children in the area of localization of abscesses there may be small traces that will disappear completely with time, therefore it is not necessary to worry about them. The prognosis of the disease is always favorable.