As modern statistics show, about seventy percent of all women suffer from vitamin and micronutrient deficiencies in their bodies. In the future, this negatively affects pregnancy, both during the period of conception( reducing the chance of becoming pregnant), and directly in the process of gestation, because the need for them in this period is significantly increased. Do you want to properly prepare the body for conception? Listen to the recommendations of this article.
Vitamins before pregnancy
Is it advisable to take vitamins before pregnancy? Of course! All of them to some extent are responsible for the proper functioning of the systems of the body and individual organs.
Vitamins for women
Awesome for the representative of the fair sex - for forty whole weeks of intensive work of all body systems, as well as increased consumption of its energy, mineral and vitamin reserves. The lack of essential vitamins negatively affects the developing fetus, in severe situations even provoking malformations, and also induces a number of negative external manifestations in a woman - deterioration of the quality of the skin, fatigue, loss / aches of hair / nails.
The optimal time to start taking vitamins for future women in an interesting position is six months before the date of conception of the child. The basic complex of important low molecular weight organic compounds includes the following elements:
- Folic acid. The most important element for increasing the probability of conception and significantly reducing the risk of defects in the fetus in the early period. The norm is 400 micrograms per day.
- Vitamin A. The norm is about 3 thousand IU per day.
- Vitamins B1, B2, B6 - in the recommended dosage.
- Vitamin C. The norm is from 60 to 100 milligrams per day.
- Vitamin D - up to 400 IU / day.
- Vitamin E - up to 300 IU / day. One of the main factors of increasing fertility, affects the conception and work of the reproductive system.
- Vitamin K - about one milligram per day.
- Vitamin H - up to 300 IU per day.
Vitamins for men
There is an opinion that vitamins in pregnancy planning are necessary only for the fair sex. This is not so, because 50 percent of successful conception gives quality sperm. In order for your husband to issue high-quality genetic material, he must start taking vitamins at least three months before the date of the beginning of attempts at fertilization.
What vitamins are needed?
- Vitamin B9.Helps to form the correct structure of the sperm.
- Tocopherol. Protects the cellular structures of the carrier of genetic information from damage.
- Vitamin C. Improves the synthesis of sex hormones from the stronger sex.
- Selenium and zinc. Induced testosterone production, improves sexual activity.
Vitamin E in pregnancy planning
Vitamin E is a key element in the prevention of miscarriage, underdevelopment of the fetus and inhibiting the development of other negative conditions. It normalizes the production of progesterone, supports the fetus before placenta formation, reduces pressure, improves uterine stretching and overall endurance of organs.
In the process of planning pregnancy, a woman is recommended to consume from 200 to 350 IU vitamin per day, while the rate is broken by two times. It is most convenient to take tocopherol in capsules, besides separately from multivitamin complexes, because in them, the content of E rarely exceeds 20 IU, which is clearly not enough to fully saturate the organism at the cellular level. Such a large dose should not bother you - the toxic effect of the element is manifested when taking more than 100 thousand IU once.
Folic acid in pregnancy planning
Vitamin B9 is one of the main elements, especially necessary for a woman during conception planning and early stages of bearing a fetus. According to the latest study, folic acid significantly reduces the risk of developing a child's future, underdevelopment of the spinal cord and brain. Also, it positively influences the development and growth of cells, the formation of tissue structures and the work of all shells.
B9 is almost always prescribed as an additional drug, since not all modern multivitamin complexes contain the necessary amount. Most often, the doctor offers a dosage of 400 micrograms per day, once or for two doses. To begin reception it is desirable for half a year prior to planned conception, and a course to finish by the twentieth week of pregnancy.
Complexes of vitamins in the planning of pregnancy
It is necessary to take vitamins of the future pregnant woman a lot and often - a wide variety of nomenclature and types of elements can often confuse even a person who is versed in medicine. It is for this purpose that manufacturers produce vitamin complexes containing practically all the substances necessary for a woman. Of course, several kinds of vitamins will still have to be taken separately( if in the multivitamin complex it is absent or there is insufficient concentration of the necessary substance), however, the reception process is much simplified.
The main multivitamin complexes for those planning to become pregnant
A complex domestic multivitamin preparation containing also microelements. In sufficient quantity contains vitamins A, B1, B2, B5, B6, B12, C, D3, E, H, K. Bazovo includes calcium, magnesium, zinc, manganese, iron and other microelements. The tablets themselves are distributed according to the colors and, accordingly, compatibility, in a day it is necessary to drink one pill of each of the colors, with an interval of not less than five hours. Reviews of women on the drug are mostly neutral, some of the fair sex note some deterioration in the form of a vomiting reflex.
Germanic multivitamins with the content of the classical complex vitamin formula, saturated with folic acid with L-form, iodine, biotin. There are no vitamins A, D, H, K. Patients' opinions are contradictory - some praise the drug for its high efficiency at conception( most positive cases already in the first fertilization cycle) and suppression of early toxicosis, while others note multiple allergic reactions to multivitamins and unreasonably hightheir cost.
Elevit Pronatal is a classic multivitamin complex developed by Swiss specialists specially for expectant mothers planning a pregnancy. Contains all the basic vitamins, as well as a number of trace elements and the right amount of folic acid - the basic drug, which must be prescribed before conception. Reviews of the drug are mostly positive, most patients note general improvement in well-being, absence of toxicosis of an early stage, and also increased regeneration and elasticity of hair, skin and nails. Of the negative assessments, women occasionally have a significant increase in appetite, as well as periodic constipation. In addition, iodine is not part of the multivitamin complex, therefore an additional method of Iodomarin or analogues is needed.
One of the most popular and known multivitamin complexes for expectant mothers, developed by the American company Unifarm. Contains all the vitamins of group B, including folic acid in double dosage, low molecular weight organic compounds of groups A, C, D, E, PP, H, as well as microelements, including iodine, iron, selenium. Take the drug once a day in the morning after eating in the amount of one tablet / day. Compared with analogues, there are more magnesium, copper and zinc, which is vital for proper and rapid fertilization. There are almost no negative reviews about the drug - the vast majority of women note its beneficial effect on all body systems, while they do not increase their appetite and do not experience constipation. At the moment Vitrum Pregnatal is one of the optimal multivitamin complexes for pregnancy planning and its support in the early stages.
Vitamins for pregnant women
Vitamins for pregnant women. Answers to
Please advise what vitamins are best to drink when planning a pregnancy?
In mandatory order six months before the planned conception, it is necessary to start taking folic acid and vitamin E - they will provide basic normalization of the sexual functions of the spouses, a quick and effective start of pregnancy, protection of the embryo in the early stages. In addition, multivitamin preparations are recommended, including the groups of vitamins A, B1, B2, B5, B6, B12, C, D3, E, H, K, as well as various trace elements, from zinc and selenium to iron, manganese and iodine.
How to take vitamins when planning a pregnancy?
Take vitamins daily, following the recommendations of your doctor. Usually, a specialist appoints a half-year course of taking multivitamin preparations and certain substances that are not included in the multivitamin complex. The standard regimen is 1-2 tablets 1-2 times a day( morning and evening after meals).In addition, it is recommended to divide the intake of vitamins and microelements proper, in order to exclude the possibility of a mutual reduction in their effectiveness. Usually manufacturers produce packages, where two groups of substances are divided into different blisters, and the tablets differ in color. About the scheme of taking such medications, read the instructions.
Do I need to take vitamins before I get pregnant?
Vitamins are responsible for a number of vital functions - during the conception and development of the fetus, the need for them only increases. If these low molecular weight organic compounds are lacking, sexual dysfunction can occur, the probability of successful fertilization may be significantly reduced, and the risks of improper development of the fetus, up to the miscarriage, may increase.
How and how much to drink vitamin E?
Vitamin E is a unique low molecular weight organic compound, first discovered in the first half of the twentieth century. Its basic functions are imunnomodulation and promotion of reproduction, in addition, it acts as a good antioxidant.
Most often, vitamin E is synthesized artificially in a simple combination of tocopherol. In fact, the universal protector of all cell membranes, it acts as a reliable protector of all germ cells that can be subjected to oxidation processes. For a woman who plans a pregnancy, vitamin E together with folic acid becomes necessary, because of the active support of the synthesis of female and male hormones, as well as the embryo in the stage of placental structures, which in turn significantly reduces the risk of miscarriage and fetal developmentfurther.
Almost all specialized multivitamin complexes contain this organic compound, although in insufficient quantities, because it requires at least 250 IU per day. If in your multivitamins, the concentration of this substance is less, then you will have to purchase it additionally as a vitamin supplement. The usual scheme of reception - one tablet of 150 IU twice a day, in the morning and in the evening after a meal. The course is designed for six months, its end should coincide with 12-20 weeks of pregnancy or before the expected date of conception.
Of products, most of all vitamin E contains wheat germ oil and its soybean analogue. In small quantities, it is also present in beef liver, whole grain bread, beans, broccoli, walnuts / hazelnuts.