X-ray of the cervical spine is an instrumental method of X-ray examination. Diagnosis is available and easy to perform, does not require large financial costs, while allowing you to identify the majority of diseases in the neck. Snapshots are carried out in several projections, sometimes using functional tests.
When should X-rays be screened?
The cervical spine has high mobility and flexibility. In the neck area there are important vascular arteries, blood supplying the brain, as well as nerve bundles innervating the upper half of the body. However, in this area the muscular corset is weakly developed, the vertebrae are thin and fragile, which increases the risk of developing diseases and injuries. When the first symptoms of discomfort in the neck and the worsening of the general condition appear, it is necessary to consult a doctor and undergo the necessary examination, the first stage of which is radiography.
Clinical manifestations of diseases of the cervical spine:
- pain in the neck when turning and tilting the head;
- impossibility of head movement;
- discomfort in the upper extremities( tingling, numbness, sensation of "crawling crawling");
- chronic headaches, dizziness when moving the neck;
- ripples in the eyes, decreased visual acuity;
- crunch and a feeling of heaviness in the neck;Gait of gait.
Radiography of the spine in the frontal and lateral projections
Obtaining X-ray images helps to diagnose the following disorders of the cervical spine:
- fractures, dislocations, subluxations;
- pathological lordosis and kyphosis, impaired posture, scoliosis;
- protrusion, intervertebral hernia;
- cervical and cervicothoracic osteochondrosis;
- birth injuries, acquired and congenital defects in childhood( torticollis, spinal hernia).
X-rays are prescribed early in the diagnosis of the disease and may be the only method for detecting the pathology of the cervical spine.
How does an X-ray examination?
All polyclinics, hospitals and medical centers are equipped with modern X-ray equipment, which has a high degree of protection and a low radiation dose. Due to this, the diagnosis is assigned at any age, even to small children. The examination is carried out in specialized shielded cabinets that prevent the penetration of X-rays into other rooms. To protect the internal organs and gonads during the procedure, patients are put on aprons, vests, lining, which are made of plates that do not pass the ionizing wave.
Radiography of the spine with functional tests - maximum flexion and extension of the neck
X-ray of the cervical spine does not require special preparation. Before the examination, they undress to the waist and remove ornaments that can distort the image on the film. The images are taken in two projections - front and side. To improve the visualization of the anterior section of the neck, a procedure is sometimes prescribed through the oral cavity. During the diagnosis, it is necessary to lie still at first on the back, and then on the side. The procedure takes about 20 minutes and does not cause unpleasant sensations.
In the case of degenerative-dystrophic spine pathology, a study with functional tests is recommended. In addition to the usual pictures in several projections, the spine is fixed in the lateral position with the maximum extension and bending of the neck. Thanks to this technique, it is possible to detect displacement of the vertebrae relative to each other, changes in the height of the intervertebral disc, functional block, deformation of the spinal canal. Functional tests during X-ray examinations will allow to diagnose osteochondrosis at early stages of formation.
It should be remembered that on the roentgenogram, bones and joints that do not miss X-rays are visualized. Soft tissues such as muscles, ligaments, tendons and vessels are not visible during examination.
For the study of these anatomical structures, additional methods of examination with high resolution are assigned-computer and magnetic resonance imaging, which allow layered photographs to be taken. After each episode of diagnosis using X-rays, a dose of radiation is fixed in the patient's card. Do not recommend a study during pregnancy. Obesity can be difficult for the procedure with a body weight of more than 150 kg.
What are the characteristics of an X-ray examination in childhood?
Radiography is widely used to detect diseases of the spine at any stage of the child's growing up. The complexity of the procedure exists in infants of the first years of life as a result of the inability to maintain the immovable position of the child during the time necessary for the study. For the same reasons, children do not take pictures of the anterior projection of the cervical spine through the oral cavity.
For the examination of a child, it is necessary to use modern X-ray equipment with a high degree of protection. Old X-ray tubes can adversely affect the growing tissues of the body. The medical record necessarily fixes the date of instrumental research and the dose of radiation to predict the permissible level of X-rays during the re-diagnosis. Under such conditions, the procedure for the child will be completely safe. It will not have a negative impact on health and help to identify the disease in time and prescribe a comprehensive treatment.
X-ray diagnostic cabinets are equipped with modernized equipment with the maximum degree of protection against ionizing waves.
During the X-ray diagnosis, there are such childhood diseases:
- displacement of vertebrae;
- asymmetry of muscle tone;
- instability of the cervical spine;
- scoliosis and vicious posture;
- orthopedic diseases;
- fractures, dislocations as a result of ancestral or domestic trauma.
X-ray images are taken by a radiologist. Based on this description, other specialists in medical specialties prescribe complex therapy.
The x-ray of the cervical spine is an effective diagnostic method for detecting bone disease. The examination allows to reveal the pathological process in the neck region at early stages of development and to conduct timely treatment before the formation of severe complications.
- When should X-rays be examined
- How does an X-ray examination of
- ? What are the characteristics of an X-ray examination in childhood