25Mar

Diet in Crohn's disease: what can, what can not?

Healthy Eating

Treatment of any pathology of the intestine includes not only the medicamental component, but also a specific food system. Crohn's disease is not an exception, the diet in this case is not strict, it consists of the products we are accustomed to. In this case, the purpose of such a specific diet is to provide the most gentle chemical, thermal and mechanical effects on the intestines.

Content:

  • What is a diet for patients who have Crohn's disease?
  • What foods are allowed to eat with Crohn's disease?

What is a diet for patients who have Crohn's disease?

In this case, the purpose of such a specific diet is to provide the most gentle chemical, thermal and mechanical effects on the intestines. The diet and its fractionality will vary depending on the stage at which this ailment is located, the duration of the course of the disease, its localization. In addition, when compiling a dietary menu, the individual reaction to a particular product provided by the system of therapeutic nutrition must be taken into account. In an acute period of Crohn's disease, food intake should be 5-6 times, the daily intake of protein in this case should be 1.3-2 g per kilogram of the patient's weight.

During this period, milk, foods characterized by high fiber content is excluded. This is especially important with local narrowing of the intestine. The emphasis is on products rich in protein and vitamins.

Enteral mono-diets are used in case of exacerbation of the disease and in the presence of extensive intestinal lesions. Nutrition in such a picture of the course of Crohn's disease should be saturated with foods that enrich the body with carbohydrates with fats, hydrolyzed protein. Lactose and vegetable fiber remain under the ban. If prolonged diarrhea is observed, the doctor may prescribe intravenous nutrition bypassing the gastrointestinal tract. Parenteral nutrition is recommended when fistula in the intestine is detected, with a syndrome of the small intestine and obstructive processes. In addition, such a diet is used in cases of chronic exhaustion or as a way of preparing patients who have a metabolic disorder before surgery.

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What foods are allowed to eat with Crohn's disease?

From lean for a diet will fit lean varieties. It is acceptable to introduce pork and lamb into the diet, but in very limited quantities. The method of thermal processing of meat dishes - steam( cutlets, meatballs, pates).In boiled form you can eat chicken. Any sausage, poultry meat( chicken exception), all kinds of stew in Crohn's disease are contraindicated.

As for fish, it is possible to prepare both sea and river, choosing grades with low fat content. Canned fish, salted and smoked fish are prohibited. Prepare vegetable, mushroom soups and borsch on a thin meat broth. It is allowed to add pasta and potatoes to the composition of liquid dishes. When dietary nutrition is appropriate, soured soups. From all sorts of colds, okroshk, rassolnikov, milk soups, soups with millet and legumes for the period of treatment will have to be abandoned. Eggs can be served only in the form of an omelette cooked steamed or boiled soft. If the doctor has allowed to introduce dairy products into the diet, then they should have a minimum fat content. Cottage cheese can be eaten raw or as casseroles, cheese can be eaten a little and it is better to pre-grate it. Cereals of cereals are allowed except for millet, corn and pearl barley. Casseroles, in which there are cereals, as well as cereal cutlets should not have a crispy crust. Raw vegetables can not be included in a diet with Korn's disease, the same applies to all sorts of marinades and canned vegetables. Under the ban, beer, sour fruit, grape juice, ice cream. The use of sweets should be reduced to a minimum. Cooking should be only boiled or baked way, as well as a couple.
Diet for such a disease is appointed exclusively by a doctor, there should not be any independent decisions on the choice of foods for the patient's nutrition.

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