The cervical spine performs a very important function: it keeps the head. It is in this area that the trunk vessels are located, which provide blood supply and brain nutrition. If you want to keep your mind clear, good memories and cheerful mood until your advanced years, any problems that arise in the cervical department should be addressed immediately.
One of the most common pathologies is the protrusion of the cervical spine. The term complex, strictly medical, to the simple inhabitant not absolutely clear. But this pathology is the precursor of the vertebral hernia, the consequences of which you probably know.
The notion of protrusion
The literal translation of the term from Latin means swelling, protrusion. Specialists - vertebrologists on protrusions speak in the event that the fibrous ring surrounding the intervertebral disc is deformed. The integrity of the fibrous tissue is not broken yet, but is already pathologically stretched, which prevents the disc from being in a normal, central position. The disc protrudes, its damping functions are reduced. Timely treatment of the protrusion of the cervical spine is necessary, since it will protect the spine from such complications as a hernia.
Causes of pathology
One of the causes of protrusion of the neck - scoliosis
The causes leading to protrusion of the discs are diverse. If the spine is susceptible to osteochondrosis or osteoporosis, the likelihood of protrusions increases many times. Additional reasons that can provoke the emergence of a protrusion in the cervical region are:
We present a number of provoking factors that adversely affect the spine:
- Low mobility and malnutrition;
- Hereditary predisposition;
- High loads on the spine, including sports;
- Long-term preservation of inconvenient posture - for the cervical department, this is work at the computer.
Development of the disease
Symptoms of the disease as a whole depend on the stage of protrusion development.
In the first stage of the disease, the spine suffers the least. Symptoms of the first stage of protrusion of the cervical segment are as follows:
- Intervertebral disc tissue becomes fibrous;
- Fibrous ligament is deformed, its integrity can be up to 70%.
The patient with the first stage of protrusion of the cervical region experiences acute painful attacks, muscles are spasmodic, limiting mobility in the cervical region.
Cervical hernia and its causes
If this condition is not treated, the disease goes to the second stage. A characteristic feature of this period - the intervertebral disc is actively destroyed and protrudes. In addition to the pain and stiffness of the muscles in the cervical spine, the patient experiences frequent dizziness, can make complaints about headaches and a feeling of stuffiness or noise in the ears.
Modern diagnostic methods allow detecting protrusions in the cervical region at the first stage. The problem is only that the patient seeks medical help when the very first signs of the disease appear.
The final, third stage of protrusion of the cervical spine is the stage when the fibrous ring of the disc ruptures and a hernia forms. Clearly to distinguish this period of the disease and the beginning of the hernia itself is difficult, because the symptoms increase and they are easily confused with other neurological pathologies. Despite the fact that the spine becomes almost completely immobile in the neck, pain is most often absent. The patient is worried about dizziness, noise in the ears, jumps in blood pressure are noted, visual function may be impaired. There is aching pain in the shoulder, giving in the arm.
Important! The most dangerous type of protrusion of the cervical spine is dorsal or posterior. In this case, the intervertebral disc protrudes from the back of the spine and can squeeze the spinal canal, which leads to multiple violations of the internal organs.
Cervical protrusion should be treated only in a medical institution. Alternative methods, traditional medicine can take place only if recommended by a specialist and conducted under medical supervision. The main thing that we want to draw your attention to is inadmissibility of self-treatment. You can pick up a lot of information to eliminate painful symptoms, but risk losing time, and protrusion will develop in the meantime. Therefore, with the very first symptoms of the disease, visit the clinic and go through an MRI diagnostic.
If a protrusion is detected, the doctor will prescribe you a comprehensive treatment that includes:
- Taking medicines to relieve inflammation and pain;
- Physiotherapeutic procedures;
- Massage and exercise therapy in specialized rooms;
- Manual therapy, stretching and other methods should be prescribed strictly according to the indications.
Special attention deserves medical gymnastics for the cervical spine. Remember that during the exacerbation of exercise, it is forbidden to perform, only 2 weeks after the onset of remission. If the exercises for the thoracic, lumbar spine can be performed independently, then the neck exercises are conducted only with an instructor! Excessive self-confidence in this case is the path to disability.
To eliminate the pain syndrome doctors prescribe antispasmodics, non-steroid drugs, analgesics, muscle relaxants. A good and acceptable alternative to tablets can serve as home-made alcohol compresses with lice, comfrey, sabelnik, and eleven. Use them neatly, without rubbing or massaging the neck area.
If you find it difficult to sleep with a thermal compress, you can use a home warming ointment based on a golden mustache, birch leaf or Kalanchoe. The use of an ointment is not necessary to combine with a compress, just simply lubricate the affected area and wrap your neck with a handkerchief or scarf. But whatever your choice, remember, the treatment of the protrusion of the cervical spine is a matter for the neurologist. Your task is to strictly follow the medical recommendations.