25Mar

Arterial hypotension: symptoms, causes and treatment

By hypotension is implied a blood pressure below the established rate. For people of different ages, these standards differ from each other, there are individual differences in indicators among people of the same age group. If the pressure is reduced by a small amount, this disease is not dangerous. At 20% low blood pressure hypotension is already harmful to health.

Hypotension is a condition in which blood pressure in people under the age of 30 is below 90 - 100/60 mm Hg.and in people older than 30 years - below 105/65 mm Hg. Art.

Hypotension can manifest as a variant of the norm, like syndromes and as a hypotonic disease.

Individual arterial hypotension occurs in healthy people who do not experience unpleasant sensations and do not have abnormalities from the internal organs. Hypotension can be inherited. To treat such hypotension is not necessary. Moreover, with age, BP in hypotensive patients can rise to normal values ​​and they can even go into the category of hypertensive patients.

Sports arterial hypotension occurs in athletes as a result of physical training.

Adaptive arterial hypotension( compensatory, characteristic for inhabitants of high mountains, tropics, Arctic regions).

People with physiological hypotension should be cautious about drugs, whose side effect is a decrease in blood pressure: spasmolytic, diuretic, etc. In hypotonic alcohol can reduce blood pressure, so they often do not tolerate alcohol.

Symptoms of arterial hypotension syndrome

Lowered blood pressure can be a consequence of the following diseases: acute heart failure;painful collapse;severe infections and intoxication;blood loss;disease of the endocrine system;diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

Hypotonic disease is a special form of neurosis, in which regulation of the vascular tone of a person is disturbed.

The main causes of hypotension: psycho-emotional or physical overstrain, mental trauma, a transmitted infection.

Symptoms of arterial hypotension syndrome can be: headache, dizziness;severe weakness;increased fatigue;decrease in performance. Symptoms of arterial hypotension include: dyspnoea with physical exertion;periodic aching, stitching pain in the heart, not related to heart disease.

Help with hypotension

For the treatment of arterial hypotension, first of all, you need to see a doctor to find out the cause of hypotension. It can be diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, adrenal gland, thyroid gland. Then it is necessary to treat the "cause".If these pathologies are not found, then the diagnosis is "hypotonic disease".

The basis of treatment should be psychotherapy with a qualified psychotherapist or psychoneurologist.

To help yourself with hypotension, you must follow the following rules:

1. Strict adherence to the regime: an orderly working day, a reasonable alternation of work and rest.

2. A full 8-hour sleep. Patients with hypotension should be able to get up right after sleep: waking up, you have to lie down, do light gymnastics while lying down, then sit down, get up leaning on a chair and stand for a while.

3. Balanced, healthy eating. The last meal is 2-3 hours before bedtime.

4. Coffee( not more than 2-3 cups) and strong green tea in the morning and in the daytime are useful.

5. Regular physical activity that supports the muscles of the body in tone.

6. Walking before going to bed in the fresh air. Camping.