Infection is dangerous because these bacteria produce toxins and enzymes that disrupt the normal healthy life of cells. Staphylococcus is the causative agent of dangerous diseases: pneumonia, toxic shock, central nervous system disorders. Microbes adapt quickly enough and multiply on the mucous membranes( in the external auditory canal, in the throat, in the nose) or on smooth areas of the skin, causing its purulent lesions. Hence the name - epidermal staphylococcus.
- 1 What is epidermal staphylococcus aureus?
- 2 How does epidermal staphylococcus occur?
- 3 Treatment, prevention
- 4 Traditional medicine tips
- 5 Diet
- 6 Treatment of infections associated with hospital pathogens
What is epidermal staphylococcus aureus?
This type of staphylococcus is not as dangerous a causative agent of diseases as Staphylococcus aureus, since it is part of the microflora of a healthy person. It is dangerous only for people with weakened immunity. The risk group includes pregnant women, patients of the postoperative period, resuscitation patients, people suffering from dysbacteriosis.
It's worth mentioning about Staphylococcus aureus:
- it infects the body, getting inside through the wounds, cuts on the skin;
- through medical equipment: various catheters, drains.
Lesion with Staphylococcus aureus can result in sepsis, infection of blood or endocarditis, an inflammation of the inner lining of the heart.
Let us consider the possible prerequisites for the spread of epidermal staphylococcus. As already mentioned, epidermal staphylococcus is localized on the skin, hence its name - derma -dermis, in Latin - the skin. The disease spreads through the air and dust that has been in contact with the vector of the infection, so keeping cleanliness and hygiene in the premises where sick or weak people are located is a priority.
How does epidermal staphylococcus occur?
Special mention should be made of the insidiousness of the microbe in the surgical departments, which require special purity and sterility. Substandard treatment of instruments, which are produced by internal prosthetics, can cause infection with the infection. Infected implants can become a causative agent of false aneurysms, which is a serious complication and endanger the patient's life. When implanted, infection is possible, but in most cases it passes asymptomatically.
Very staphylococcal intoxication occurs in patients with neutropenia, which can, sometimes, lead to death.
Women affected by epidermal staphylococcus, suffer from unpleasant sensations in the abdominal area, inflammation of the surface tissues. In the future there is an increase in temperature to forty degrees, on the skin appear rashes in the form of acne.
The first requirement for preventing infection with epidermal staphylococcus is compliance with personal hygiene rules. Treatment of staphylococcus and its consequences is not an easy task, because the microbe is resistant to antibiotics, for example, penicillin, so it is the prevention of the disease that is the main criterion of safety.
A person who has suffered a disease with epidermal staphylococcus, in connection with the weakening of immunity, for some time is prone to disease, this is the main insidiousness of this disease.
Antibiotic therapy is not a necessary and sufficient condition for cure, this is observed in patients with food poisoning, when it is necessary to fight not so much with the microbe itself as with toxins. Due to the expansion of the capabilities and the base for conducting bacterial analyzes, as well as the accumulated experience, epidermal staphylococcus is easily diagnosed, it is easy to determine its sensitivity to medical preparations. After the research, the doctor prescribes appropriate treatment.
Traditional medicine tips
Do not neglect the advice of traditional medicine, because such an abundance and variety of available medicines was not always, nevertheless, epidermal staphylococcus was treated. Traditional medicine used resin and clay, mummy, leech, grass. The experience of phytotherapy in the treatment of such diseases is huge.
Useful substances contained in plants and herbs are successfully used in medicines. There are frequent cases of weakening of the body after medical therapy, in which treatment of one organ weakens another, phytotherapy becomes a relevant and necessary alternative treatment.
In your arsenal of the national pharmacy it is worth adding eucalyptus, plantain leaf, spray, all these plants contribute to the activation of the defenses of the body, the speedy restoration of immunity. As immunomodulators, doctors advise using ginseng, lemongrass, milk thistle.
For the prompt cure of epidermal staphylococcus, attention should be paid to your diet. Include in the menu products containing a large number of vitamins, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, sudorific, fortifying substances. This - garlic, onion, capsicum, berries of blueberries, apricots, raspberries.
Spices also have a disastrous effect on the pathogenic flora, add cinnamon, coriander, ginger to food. You should carefully monitor the products that appear on your desk. In your diet should not be present emulsifiers, dyes, preservatives.
Treatment of infections associated with hospital pathogens
Coagulase-negative staphylococcus occurs if an implanted catheter is implanted during implantation, because coagulase-negative staphylococcus is one of the components of normal cutaneous flora, but getting into the microbe is the main causative agent of infection. For a cure, it is enough to remove the device.
With joint prostheses, vascular grafts, arteriovenous shunts, prosthetic valves, infected microbes, in most cases they do, that is, they are to be removed. But there are exceptions, when surgical intervention is a threat to the life of the patient. It is necessary to apply antibiotic therapy, in other cases, the removal of implanted medical equipment is justified.
In the case of catheter infection for peritoneal dialysis, antibiotic therapy is often successful.
However, if bacteria persist in the course of antibiotic therapy, this is an indication for removal of the catheter. The same can be said about catheters installed in the central veins. If the background of bacteremia persists after removal of the equipment, it is necessary to search for a foci of infection.
There are no general recommendations for the treatment of infections caused by coagulase-negative staphylococci. Basically, the same treatment is used as for infections caused by other causes and pathogens. The timing of therapy varies from four to six weeks.
After the extraction of the infected catheter, transient bacteremia in a patient with normal immunity passes without additional treatment. To increase the effectiveness of antimicrobial therapy, the drug is frequently injected into the infection site.
This is the case for infections of the central nervous system, introducing gentamycin and vancomycin into the ventricles of the brain. With peritonitis caused by peritoneal dialysis, the drug is injected into the abdominal cavity.
The treatment of coagulase-negative staphylococcus is complicated by the fact that it has a reduced virulence factor, which helps it to settle on foreign bodies and persist for a long time, most of the antibiotics used inside are powerless against it.
The hospital strains are resistant to semi-sensitive penicillins, cephalosporins and other groups of antibiotics. In severe infections, vancomycin is used. For successful therapy, you need to know the sensitivity of the isolated strain to nafcillin, oxacillin or benzylpenicillin, and only then use one of these drugs, or some first-generation cephalosporin. Give a good result and a combination of synergistic antibiotics. Ribaflamine penetrates well into tissues, reaching a maximum concentration.
Coagulase-negative infections are sensitive to it, but they are used in combination with other drugs, as with monotherapy the pathogen becomes resistant to it. In the event that the infected device is not medically removed, a combination of drugs from rifampicin can be prescribed, at a dose of 300 mg orally twice a day, a β-lactam antibiotic, and an aminoglycoside( usually gentamicin).
The chances of success with this treatment scheme are increasing. If the bacteria are resistant to β-lactam antibiotics or when allergic to them, vancomycin is used instead of the β-lactam antibiotic.
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