Diseases of the veins, which are worth knowing

Venous system The circulatory system of our body can be compared to a huge transport network with intense traffic. And as in any metropolis there are often traffic jams and road accidents.

If you do not delve into the details of this whole anatomy, the situation is as follows: the heart constantly pushes the arteries cheerful and oxygen-enriched blood throughout the body, including.in its most remote parts. But for her return, you need to return it through the veins back, and then there are some difficulties:

1. There is not one heart in the legs, so it's harder to pump blood on the way back.

2. In this blood already full of unnecessary substances, which she collected along the way from all cells of the tissues of the body. And from this it flows worse.

And to overcome this problem, the body has:

1. Venous valves - struggling with the laws of gravity, do not give blood back down.

2. Venous plantar net - when a person walks or runs, then comes in contact with a foot with a surface and pushes the blood upward.

3. Muscles that play the role of a pump and, cutting, push blood up to the heart.

And now if some element of this system is broken, then there's a good chance that problems will arise. And they will be better prepared in advance. To do this, consider what are the main and most common diseases of the veins, their symptoms and treatment. Below is a description and actions for the occurrence of diseases of the venous system.


  • 1 Varicose
    • 1.1 causes of varicose veins
    • 1.2 Symptoms of varicose veins
    • 1.3 Actions for varicose
  • 2 Hemorrhoids
    • 2.1 causes of hemorrhoids
    • 2.2 Symptoms of hemorrhoids
    • 2.3 Actions for hemorrhoids
  • 3 varicocele
    • 3.1 causes of varicocele
    • 3.2 Symptoms of varicocele
    • 3.3 Varicocele actions
  • 4 Thrombosis
    • 4.1 Causes of thrombosis
    • 4.2 Symptoms of thrombosis
    • 4.3 Actionswith thrombosis
  • 5 Venous insufficiency
    • 5.1 Causes of venous insufficiency
    • 5.2 Symptoms of venous insufficiency
    • 5.3 Procedures for venous insufficiency

Varicose veins

The symptom of this venous disease is an increase in the thickness( diameter) of veins, usually uneven, as "knots"over the valves. The name of the disease comes from the Latin word varix and means a node. About this "snogging" ailment a mention is found even in the papyri of ancient Egypt, there are data from the Byzantine code of laws on medicine, as well as the Old Testament of the Bible. In our time, this fourth sore man suffers from this sore, staying at the age of a full dawn of strength. And women are even more so, especially the varicose veins on their legs.

The causes of varicose

Usually this is a hereditary factor - congenital maldevelopment of venous valves or congenital weak walls of blood vessels. As well as a lifestyle in which a long-term real estate with a vertical body position prevails( guard, sentinel, surgeon, salesman)

Symptoms of varicose veins

The initial symptom is a feeling of heaviness, the legs are quickly tired, it is accompanied by cramps, edema of the shin and feet. If the evening begins to press shoes, which was comfortable in the morning - this is also an occasion to reflect. It is not excluded that this will soon have to get acquainted with varicose veins, I would like.

Varicose action

First you need to see a doctor( a phlebologist or a surgeon in a smaller clinic).He will prescribe medications that reduce microcirculation in tissues, the work of venous valves, increase the tone of the veins, and fight inflammation. If you delay the visit to the doctor for a long time, then the risk increases that it may end with thrombosis with a blockage of the pulmonary artery( usually a lethal outcome) or a trophic ulcer.


Hemorrhoids suffer from a large part of the population of our planet. And this is also a disease of the venous system. The word haimorrhoi's in Greek means not some kind of "trouble", but "bleeding".Well, in the general medical meaning, under hemorrhoids is meant an expansion of the veins of the rectum. About this ailment was known even in ancient Egypt and Babylon. Even they say that because of him Napoleon was defeated in the famous battle at Waterloo. Now in the world of this disease affects 8 people out of 10. Men aged 30 to 50 make up the bulk of them. And while one in five needs or resorts to surgical treatment.

Causes of hemorrhoids

The human being himself is predisposed to hemorrhoids by his straightforwardness. The impact of gravity leads to stagnation of blood in the pelvic region. To this are added the defects of the structure of the vessels( usually congenital), strong physical stresses( lifting of gravity, etc.), sedentary lifestyle, sedentary work for addiction to spicy food and alcohol, constipation, etc. Very soon in the blood vessels stagnate and the veins in the place of the "home of hemorrhoids"( rectum) - are covered with hemorrhoids that are so fond of falling out.

Symptoms of hemorrhoids

Symptoms of this disease of the veins - this is primarily blood after you went to the toilet for a lot. Pain in this case can not be felt at the first stages. Itching and mucus can be observed during the day from the anal passage. Further, the signs of this vein disease will make themselves felt more seriously, so it is worth starting treatment with the first symptoms.

Itching( moderate) and pain in the anal area periodically, by and large, bother any normal person. But if they suddenly join the bleeding, then the doctor must go immediately.

Actions with hemorrhoids

All of the proctologic examination will begin. Inside the patient will visit: a doctor's finger, a rectal special mirror( an anoscope and a rectromanoscope) - a 30 centimeter tube with a diameter of 1 cm at the end with an eyepiece. If this is not enough, the proctologist will prescribe a colonoscopy and an iriscopy( which is better and not know), and then he will write out the treatment. With timely access to a doctor, while the disease is still at an early stage, everything will end only with the fight against constipation, anti-inflammatory anesthetic suppositories and ointments will be prescribed. But with more neglected cases - already operative intervention. The longer it takes to delay a visit to a doctor, the more unpleasant it can be afterwards the methods of treatment and the prices for them.


The disease of the varicocele venous system is a male disease in which the veins of the spermatic cord are dilated. At the same time venous blood( already spent and on the way back) stagnates and prevents the testicle from getting fresh, rich in oxygen. This leads to a deterioration in the nutrition of the testicle, as a result of which its development slows down, and the functions are violated. In the worst cases, this leads to infertility.

Causes of varicocele

Congenital malformation or lack of valves in the veins of the testicle. Statistics say that this disease is found in 10-15% of all men. Most often, he is diagnosed early in the course of a medical examination at a school or military registration and enlistment office.

Symptoms of varicocele

Symptoms of such venous disease include the appearance of a feeling similar to that in the scrotum, especially during sexual arousal or physical exertion. At the first stage of the disease, veins that are dilated are detected by a urologist( sometimes a surgeon) or by ultrasound examination. On the second - they are already easy to see with the naked eye, even on the third, the egg decreases in size and becomes soft, and the veins look like a brush of grapes.

Treatment of varicocele

Examination from a urologist, then ultrasound, blood tests and sperm. It is treated, unfortunately, neither as otherwise, as an operational method. And, of course, the earlier, the better. If the disease will last more than five years, then the tissues of the testicle will be disturbed, and the chances of developing good spermatozoa are very far from normal.


A thrombus is called a blood clot. In fact, this is what in childhood, often had to pick off from the downed knees, elbows or other wounds. The only difference is that these wounds were obtained with abrasions from the outside, and the thrombus is formed on the inner wall of the vein, or after a couple of days it is adhered to it after it is formed. And this is already a disease of the venous system, and not an external wound.

Causes of thrombosis

Thrombosis occurs, usually, in the presence of three main factors: venous blood flow is slowed, blood coagulability is increased( a high amount of red blood cells) and the integrity of the inner side of the venous wall is impaired. Such three factors together, most often, are present in cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, various blood diseases and obesity. An important very risk factor is the bed rest, in which the muscles are little used and do not perform the function of pushing the venous blood.

Symptoms of thrombosis

Symptoms of venous diseases accompanied by the formation of blood clots may be different. If this is a thrombosis of superficial veins, then this is primarily reported by the skin( redness, tightening of a painful nature).A thrombus can also end up in deep veins, usually in the lower extremities. Its appearance can be understood when the temperature of the toes on the foot and foot decreases, their sensitivity, this is accompanied by pain( usually acute and throbbing), and then swelling.

Actions for thrombosis

I'll have to find out from the phlebologist what a Doppler ultrasound examination, radiopaque phlebography, impedance occlusion plethysmography, radio-identification method. .. The doctor will determine the treatment strategy. It may be necessary to do a thrombectomy - a surgical removal of a blood clot from a vein. And maybe it will be enough and just propolkot anti-thrombotic drugs a week or two, and then drink others - in tablets. If you leave the thrombus unattended, then it can come off and swim on a vascular course, the final destination is the pulmonary artery. This will lead to death, although easy, but at the same time completely unexpected.

Venous insufficiency

The inadequacy( poor performance) of venous valves, which can be both acquired and congenital.

Causes of venous insufficiency

Excess weight, hereditary propensity, varicose veins, trauma. .. All this in due time can lead to failure of the mechanisms that are involved in the return of venous blood on the way back to the heart.

Symptoms of venous insufficiency

First of all, the symptom of this venous disease is a feeling similar to gravity, and also drawing pains and cramps in the calf muscles of the legs, which, if you lie down or sit down while putting your feet above the pelvic level, usually decrease or completely disappear.

Procedures for venous insufficiency

Immediately inspection, palpation, after which, sometimes, radiopaque examination of veins, also called "phlebography", can also be prescribed. As for the treatment, then, first of all, a more careful attitude to one's own health, or otherwise - thrombophlebitis( a terrible form of thrombosis), varicose ulcers after the varicose veins, and pulmonary embolism( blockage and death)!

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