26Mar

Skin diseases: photo and description

Skin is the largest organ of the human body( about 2 square meters in area).Accordingly, the list of skin diseases is very wide.

In addition to protective and immune function, the skin serves to regulate temperature, water balance and sensations, so to protect yourself from the occurrence of skin diseases is one of the priority preventive tasks.

Below you will find out what skin diseases people have and what their symptoms are. Also you can see photos of skin diseases and read their description. Just note - most skin diseases in people do not have symptoms and are easy to treat.

What are skin diseases: acne, acne, eczema, herpes

Acne( "pimples") is considered as the most common skin disease. Almost all people of adolescence( about 85%) are familiar with the description of this skin disease. In fact, acne is an inflammation of the sebaceous glands.

Common acne is a typical skin disease for most people, which is on the list of such diseases in one of the first places. Mainly characterized by mild currents, they are found( mostly on the face) on the fatty areas of the body and manifests itself in the form of acne, purulent ulcers and comedones. Fat forms clogged sebaceous glands, bacteria can colonize and cause inflammation. The main reasons are hormonal changes, usually during puberty or pregnancy. Male sex hormones( androgens) contribute to development, so more affect men than women. In addition, drugs, cosmetics, and stress factors can, among other things, promote acne. The severe form is characterized by the formation of scars, otherwise acne is treated without leaving traces under the age of 25 years.

About every other skin condition, every young mother will tell you.

Eczema( atopic dermatitis) usually begins in early childhood and manifests itself in periodic inflammatory skin reactions. This is one of the most common skin diseases. Because of the defensive reactions of the body to allergens leads to inflammatory processes, insatiable itching acts as a trigger. Triggers can be next to stress, certain foods, mechanical irritations, infections and climatic influences. Scratches can cause inflammatory reactions, the skin loses its protective barrier.

Herpes manifests itself in many forms, the best known is herpes simplex. Primary infection usually goes unnoticed. Only further infection manifests itself in the form of typical vesicles with a crust and inflammation. The causes can be different, trauma or tanning, stress and hormonal fluctuations.

What other skin conditions are there: decubitus, eczema, scabies

Bedsores , as a rule, arise from prolonged bed rest with simultaneous immobility. Pressure on a certain, unprotected body site contributes to the formation of ulcers in the deepest layers of the skin with a simultaneous lack of nutrition. Bacteria can penetrate and destroy layers completely. Sufferers complain of itching, burning and severe pain.

Eczema is a superficial inflammation of the skin. Her symptoms are shown in the photo above: redness with rare blisters. The causes of eczema are numerous and varied.

Scabies is caused by ticks( mainly with sexual contacts).Ticks make holes in the stratum corneum and lay eggs there. Suffers mostly wrists, between the fingers, navel, chest, armpit or genital area. Scabies are well treated, but can also cause other diseases( for example, cellulitis, sepsis).

The list of other skin diseases: keratosis, carcioma, hemangioma

About what skin diseases happen, people of old age are also familiar. For example, senile keratosis is caused by a constant and intense sun exposure, the increase and change of keratinocytes of the skin is painful. It is considered an early stage of skin cancer. On the sun-exposed areas of the body, reddish spots appear. Requires immediate treatment.

Basal carcinoma is also recognized as a white skin cancer, has the same trigger others. Since early treatment, basal cell carcinoma has a good prognosis.

Hemangioma is a benign tumor that is most common in young children( approximately 30% at birth).

Skin diseases in humans: melanoma, tiles, hemorrhoids

Melanoma( cancer) is a malignant tumor based on pigmented epidermal cells. It develops as a result of excessive exposure to the sun and appears more often on the face, neck or forearms. At an early stage is well treated.

Bituminous shingles( shingles) , as a consequence of immunodeficiency.

Hemorrhoids occur with various causes, such as constipation, lack of exercise, pregnancy, liver disease.

What are skin diseases: warts, intertrigo and other

Warts are often, infectious, benign epithelial tumors caused by a virus. Foci are formed during several months or years, sometimes spontaneously.

Fatigue is one of the most common skin diseases in infancy, which is diagnosed in almost two-thirds of all children and manifests itself in various forms.

Hair loss that can be caused by organic disorders and poisoning.

Varicose veins are also visible on the skin( usually the legs), but are not counted as skin diseases.

Weakness in the veins of the legs, lead to leg ulcers. As a result, the wounds heal badly, which leads to a slow destruction of the tissue. Under threat of loss of the affected limb.