Hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors that never degenerate into cancer. They differ in great variety. Located on the surface of the skin or deep in the tissues of internal organs. These are small or huge formations, consisting of an interlacing of capillaries, or large vessels, often forming cavities filled with blood. Vascular tumors can be both congenital and acquired. Women find them five times more often than men.
Why they arise
Modern science continues to argue which of the existing theories is the true cause of hemangiomas. Only the fact that the sprouts of the future education are laid in the embryonic period is considered reliable. What contributes to its growth or reverse development? Not yet known.
How to find the hemangioma
Hidden deep in the spine, the hemangioma is detected by chance. On the roentgenogram, in search of the cause of pain in the back, a tumor is found. Usually it is not the cause of malaise, but the concomitant osteochondrosis or other pathology. To clarify the size of the formation, the exact location and the presence of complications, computer or magnetic resonance imaging( MRI) is assigned. Hemangioma of the spine is located in the body of the vertebra, but can also capture other parts of it. More often, this is a single entity, but sometimes up to five vertebrae, affected by hemangioma, are detected.
In 85% of cases the tumor is asymptomatic and does not require treatment. But you can not forget about it. It grows slowly and does not interfere with the ordinary life of its owner. But in those rare cases when it begins to increase, destroy the vertebra and squeeze the surrounding tissues of the spine, it is impossible to postpone the treatment. In order not to miss that rare case, the behavior of the tumor requires constant observation. Therefore, it is prescribed to an almost healthy person 1 - 2 times per year MRI.
Growing up, the hemangioma squeezes the nerve roots from the spinal cord to the organs and limbs. Symptoms of impaired functions appear, and gradually increase, for which the affected vertebra responds. A growing tumor simultaneously destroys the vertebral structure, its strength decreases, and a small load, at some point, leads to its fracture. At the site of the vertebra, pain of varying intensity occurs. The formed bone fragments also squeeze the nerve roots or the spinal cord, aggravating the patient's condition.
On what part of the spine is the hemangioma, will hang the symptoms of the disease. In 80% of cases, it is the hemangioma of the thoracic region. This part controls the work of many internal organs. With irritation of the roots or compression of the spinal cord, weakness, pain, numbness in the arms and legs. In severe cases, paralysis occurs. Such patients are disturbed by a digestive disorder, the formation of gall bladder stones, urination disorders and cardiac rhythm disturbances. Female infertility can be a sign of hemangioma.
Treatment of osteochondrosis with radicular syndrome
The cause of impotence can be hemangioma of the lumbar spine. The tumor of this localization is not so common, but its symptoms are unpleasant: pain in the thigh and groin, muscle atrophy and weakness of the lower extremities, urinary incontinence, constipation and diarrhea.
Only 1% of these formations are in the hemangioma of the cervical spine, but due to anatomical features, they are more dangerous than in other departments. Here the vertebral artery passes, providing a blood supply to the brain. Hemangiomas even of small size cause a lot of complaints: headaches and dizziness, insomnia, hearing loss, vision and even stroke. The spinal canal in the cervical region is narrow and easily traumatized. There are tingling and numbness of the fingertips of the palms and feet, weakness and dull pain in all limbs, atrophy of the muscles of the hands.
When treatment is needed
As you understand, only 10% of people who have hemangioma are subject to treatment. The rest can lead an ordinary active lifestyle and recall a tumor once or twice a year.
The decision on the appointment of treatment, choice of method and frequency of observation is decided only by a neurosurgeon! Treatment with folk remedies does not affect the growth of hemangioma, but it can damage your health. If the doctor recommended surgery, it can not be postponed. The smaller the tumor, the easier the operation and the less the risk of complications.
There are several methods of treatment, each of them has its own contraindications, they are selected individually for each patient. The size, location, degree of damage to the spine, germination in nearby tissues, existing complications and the state of the whole organism - all this is taken into account when choosing a method.
Modern principles of treatment of the spinal hemangioma:
- Surgical. Soft tissue of the tumor and part of the vertebra are removed. With this method, heavy bleeding and relapse of the disease are possible.
- Sclerotherapy. Treatment of the tumor with alcohol causes thrombosis of the vessels. However, the vertebra is also destroyed. Very soon a fracture occurs.
- Embolization. Introduction of special preparations in the vessel, closing their lumen. But instead of sleeping vessels, new ones are formed and the growth of the hemangioma continues.
- Percutaneous puncture vertebroplasty. In the body of the vertebra, a cementing mixture is introduced, which, when frozen, releases heat destroying the tumor. Currently, this method of treatment gives the best results.
Call the doctor in good time if back pain is repeated. Hemangioma can never bother you. But it can ruin your carefree life. Surgical treatment and other invasive methods successfully eliminate the signs of hemangioma.