Such a disease as urethritis in men , in addition to the discomfort accompanied by an acute process, the inflammation of the urethra can grow into a chronic phase, and this often leads to the development of complications, in particular, to male infertility and erectile dysfunction. That is why any form of inflammation, especially chronic urethritis, should be adequately treated in order to maintain masculine health.
Urethritis in men: symptoms and causes
- 1 Urethritis in men: symptoms and causes
- 2 Urethritis in men: treatment
Depending on the reasons, two large groups of urethritis are distinguished:
- Aseptic. They are rare and are secondary, that is, they develop against the background of the existing primary disease.
- Infectious. They are most often caused by pathogenic microbes( bacteria, parasites, fungi, viruses).
For reasons of aseptic urethritis, :
- kidney stones( concretes or sand mechanically damage the mucous membrane and cause inflammation);
- traumatic injuries of the urethra( various intra-urethral manipulations, other types of injuries);
- tumor lesions;
- effects of an allergic nature;
- prostatitis and prostate adenoma;
- non-observance of intimate hygiene;
- stagnation of venous blood in a small pelvis.
This urethritis occurs due to mechanical damage to the urethral canal or a narrowing of its lumen and a violation of the self-cleaning process.
As a rule, at an early stage it is non-infectious, but the secondary infection is later layered and bacterial urethritis and other species develops.
Depending on the causative microbial agents, the specific and non-specific urethritis is distinguished.
Causes of nonspecific lesions :
- Staphylococcal bacteria,
- streptococcal microorganisms,
- E. coli and other bacterial pathogens.
Specific urethritis is most often caused by pathogens that cause sexually transmitted diseases.
Types of nonspecific urethritis:
- of a gonorrheal etiology,
- Trichomonas urethritis ,
- candidiasis urethritis ,
- caused by mycoplasmas, chlamydia, herpes virus,
It is important to identify the main symptoms of urethritis in men, , which must be paid attention:
- itching, pain, burning sensation when emptying the bladder or other unpleasant sensations;
- discomfort in the perineum, pubic region and waist;
- difficult outflow of urine;
- various discharge from the urethral canal( meager, abundant, purulent, mucous, hemorrhagic, yellow, green, red);
- frequent emptying of the bladder in small portions;
- urge in the toilet at night;
- rash on the external genitalia;
- purulent or bloody impurities in the urine;
- the adhesion of the lumen of the urethra and its external opening.
All these symptoms of urethritis can vary greatly from pronounced to almost asymptomatic flow. It depends on the type of urethritis and its shape( acute or chronic).In some cases, the general condition of a man is broken: fever, general weakness, sleep and appetite.
Urethritis in men: treatment
In order to answer the question, how to treat urethritis in men , you first need to find out its cause. For this purpose, a number of laboratory and instrumental diagnostic techniques are used. After finding out the exact cause of the inflammation, proceed to therapy. Medications are prescribed taking into account the etiology and most often use antibiotics for urethritis, and other anti-inflammatory drugs.
Etiological treatment of urethritis in men drugs:
- in conventional forms use cefazolin, tetracycline, azithromycin, rovamycin;
- in the gonorrheal process appoint erythromycin, cefuroxime, oleondromycin, rifampicin, thienam;
- with trichomonas inflammation - metronidazole, tinidazole, ornidazole, furazolidone, miramistin;
- with candidiasis urethritis apply nystatin, clotrimazole, fluconazole;
- in the case of mycoplasmal and chlamydial etiology treatment of chronic urethritis includes preparations from the group of tetracyclines, macrolides, fluoroquinolones;
- for inflammation caused by the virus, use ganciclovir, aciclovir and other antiviral drugs.
It is important to understand and remember that the treatment is prescribed only by a specialist. It is he who selects the right drug, its dose and duration of administration. It should also be borne in mind that therapy should be administered simultaneously to both partners even if one of them has no symptoms. Only in time revealed and until the end cured urethritis will help to maintain male health.