Colic is the term used to describe the uncontrolled crying of a healthy baby. Many pediatricians in the world no longer use this term, instead they say that crying is part of normal development for the newborn. Some children cry for long periods and with greater intensity than others. Regardless of the definition, it is very difficult to calm a crying child, and sometimes young parents can feel helpless. Nevertheless, there are methods that help to ease the painful symptoms of colic and gazik in a baby.
- 1 Colic and gazicks - what is it?
- 1.1 Causes of
- 2 Treatment of
- 2.1 Medications
- 2.2 Massage
- 2.3 Nutrition
- 2.4 Folk remedies
- 2.5 Other methods
Colicles and gazicks - what is it?
Colic is a sudden painful contraction of the intestine. They occur approximately in the third week of the child's life, continue until 3-4 months of age and, as a rule, disappear as suddenly as they appeared, leaving no traces on children's health. Symptoms usually appear in the evening or at night, and can last several minutes or several hours.
There are many theories about what causes colic and gaziky in children. Some experts believe that the cause of colic is the accumulation of intestinal gases and muscle contraction in the walls of the intestine because of the immaturity of the baby's gastrointestinal tract.
Other doctors say that the cause of painful colic can be excessive emotional stress. Motor disorders leading to painful intestinal spasms may also be due to allergies, especially cow's milk, intolerance to milk sugar( lactose), deficiency of lactase - the enzyme digesting milk sugar, which is found in breast milk, the dietary mistakes of the nursing mother and the violation of concentrationintestinal hormones.
Another reason for this unpleasant condition can be too much air, swallowed by the baby while sucking on breast or bottle. Air bubbles accumulate in the children's intestinal tract, causing bloating and spasms.
During an attack of colic and gazikov, the child instinctively pulls up the legs to the tummy and cries. In this case, the crying of a child is significantly different from a cry provoked by hunger or boredom.
When a child has an attack of colic and gazik, the most important thing for a mother is not to panic. When the mother is calm, the child will also quickly calm down, and tears and unnecessary experiences in this will not help the baby, but will only further upset him.
There are several ways to combat colic and gazikami. Parents need to try different ones to see which are most effective in a particular case.
Special droplets that are sold in the pharmacy - Espumizan, Infakol, Babi Kalm, Bobotik, can help in the fight against gazikami. They are based on the simecticon, which reduces the surface tension, which facilitates the removal of gases and prevents the occurrence of large gas-mucous conglomerates caused by painful flatulence. Also in this case, preparations based on fennel - Baby Bab, Plantex, Dill water - are used. Dill water can be prepared at home. To do this, 3 grams of dry ground fennel grains pour 1 liter of boiling water. Keep the mixture in a water bath for 25 minutes, after insisting for another 45 minutes. Instead of fennel, you can use 1 teaspoon of dill seeds.
Light massage and stroking can also help ease the symptoms of colic. Perform slow circular movements along the tummy in a clockwise direction. Put the baby on your stomach and stroke his shoulders. Thus, a small stimulation will enhance the removal of gazik and improve bowel function. The same effect will be if pulling the knees to the tummy, when the child lies on his back.
If the baby is breastfeeding, the mother should pay attention to her diet. It is known that the consumption of milk and dairy products and gazoevyvayuschih vegetables( colored and white cabbage, legumes) promotes bouts of colic in children. Heavy food should also be avoided.
When feeding, it is important to ensure that the baby correctly grasps the nipple. This will eliminate the ingestion of air bubbles, which provoke colic.
For an infant with artificial feeding, anti-coaxial nipples and bottles( eg Dr. Brown) should be used. These bottles have a curved shape that ensures a normal flow of milk, preventing excessive air from entering the mouth of the child .
Feed the baby regularly, avoiding situations in which a hungry child sucks quickly and greedily. But at the same time, it is impossible to overfeed the baby, as the overloaded intestines work more slowly, which can cause bloating and gizzards.
In addition, for combating colic and gazikami it is possible to use such folk remedies as applying a warm diaper to the belly, immersing the child in a warm bath with herbs( alternating, chamomile).
In some cases, a quiet monotonous noise( the sound of a hair dryer, a vacuum cleaner, a kitchen hood, the noise of a running water tap) can calm a baby.
Young parents need to remember that colic is not dangerous, although it is very unpleasant.