Hypoglycemia is not an independent disease, it is a syndrome caused by a drop in the concentration of glucose in the blood to below the minimum level( i.e., below 3.3 mmol / l).This is more a clinical concept than a laboratory one. Symptoms of hypoglycemia disappear after normalization of the glucose level in the blood. Early harbingers of the attack can be profuse sweating, an unceasing feeling of hunger, tingling of the lips and fingers, pallor of the skin, palpitations, small chills and shivering, muscle weakness and fatigue. However, about everything in detail. ...
Life is not sugar. .. Especially sharply this phrase is understood by those who faced a decrease in blood sugar.
This condition can develop not only in diabetes mellitus, when excessive insulin administration or taking excessive doses of antidiabetic drugs leads to the development of hypoglycemia( ie, a drop in blood sugar level).The same effect can give and excessive physical activity, accompanied by increased consumption of carbohydrates in the body, and even more so fasting.
Symptoms( signs) of hypoglycemia
The main signs of hypoglycemia are the manifestations listed below. All of them can manifest themselves in the aggregate, and sometimes separately from each other.
1. Increased sweating.
3. Strong weakness.
4. Heart beat rapid.
5. Numbness and tingling of the lips.
7. Anxiety and irritability.
8. Feeling of hunger( a non-permanent sign).
With further drop in blood sugar, confusion may occur and even convulsive seizures may occur.
In hypoglycemic coma, complete loss of consciousness is noted.
Prevention of hypoglycemia( prevention of development)
In order to prevent hypoglycemia and prevent the development of this syndrome, simple rules should be followed.
1. Do not skip meals at your usual time.
2. Before long intensive exercise, and during them, be sure to take food containing a sufficient amount of carbohydrates( remember, it's not for nothing that cyclists, marathon runners, competitors in race walking and long distance swimmers periodically eat and drink, overcoming certain lengthsways).
3. When going on a long journey, do not forget to bring at least sweets, or even better chocolate.
4. Diabetics should have their own glucometers to monitor blood sugar levels and adjust it in a timely manner with appropriate medications.
First aid for hypoglycemia
Timely first aid for hypoglycemia can interrupt the onset of an attack. For a start, you can just drink some sweet liquid or eat foods that contain a lot of carbohydrates. It is best to use half a glass of fruit juice, or 2 teaspoons of honey, or 2 pieces of marmalade( sugar), or 2-3 tablets of glucose, or at least 1 glass of milk.
If after 10-15 minutes after helping with hypoglycemia, there is no improvement in the state of well-being, it is necessary to repeat them, and then wait for the same amount of time. If the state does not improve then the situation must be repeated a third time. If after this improvement does not occur, you should call an ambulance as soon as possible.