28Mar

The main differences between arthritis and arthrosis: what is the difference between them?

Among all joint diseases arthritis and arthrosis have been leading in recent years. Using these words in the lexicon, many people do not suspect that similar terms even denote the pathology of the joints, but, in fact, are completely different diseases. Let's look at the similarities and signs of these pathologies and we will analyze in detail how arthritis differs from arthrosis.

What happens with arthrosis

With the years in the human body there are certain changes, in particular, the nutrition and blood supply of bone tissue decreases, which leads to the development of arthrosis. The main difference between arthrosis and arthritis is that irreversible changes occur in the joint. Destructive processes in the cartilaginous tissue proceed much faster than the processes of regenerative processes. Thus, arthrosis is an age-related disease in which the cartilaginous tissue of the joint does not become inflamed, but collapses. Such changes in cartilage in medicine are called degenerative. Osteoarthritis is not a fan of wandering around the body. Most often it affects one joint, and preferably a large one - the hip, knee, etc.

What happens with arthritis

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Arthritis is commonly referred to as inflammatory joint disease that is characterized by pain,, high fever, swelling and redness of the skin. The ailment is caused by a variety of causes. Here, and allergic reactions, and provoking infectious diseases, and metabolic disorders, and diseases of the nervous system, and traumatic injuries.

The inflammatory process in arthritis can capture both one joint and several at once. In addition, the pain may be "volatile", as it were "jumping" from one joint to another. The very anatomical structure of the joint is not broken, the disease is associated with inflammatory phenomena.

Differences in the nature of the pain syndrome

There are differences in arthritis and arthrosis in the characterization of pain. If arthritis patients complain of acute, severe pain, which is the reason for the limitation of mobility, then with arthrosis, the pain is long, aching. Arthritic pains most often occur at night, closer to the morning. Arthrosis pains - due to physical activity or prolonged walking. Morning stiffness - also a sign of arthritis, with arthrosis it is not observed. But the joint, subject to arthrosis changes, has a "sound design" - a distinct crunch is heard during movement. Arthritis does not crunch.

pain in the knee joint

main differences of symptoms presented in the following table:

Symptoms

Arthritis

Osteoarthritis

fever There No
edema periarticular tissues There No
Morning stiffness There is, throughout the body possible only in one joint
Violation of motor function Is in acute period Progresses gradually, leading to loss of function
Presence of subcutaneous( rheumatic) nodules There are some forms of the disease Does not occur
Anatomical joint deformity
No Is
Redness of the skin above the joint Is No
Pain characteristic Acute, sharp, sometimes "flying" Aching, permanent, localized in the affected joint

Age preferences and gender differences

Arthritis can occur at almost any age. But it is especially common in women 35 to 50 years old. According to statistical data, every fifth person on Earth suffers from this disease.

Arthrosis statistics can seriously frighten. It is proved that after the onset of a 60-year-old age, arthrosis occurs in one form or another in almost everyone! And, regardless of gender. Arthrosis is a disease of the venerable people.

Arthritis - the cause of

As we have already said, arthritis itself does not cause degeneration of cartilaginous tissue. But he can accompany arthrosis. And this is also the difference of these diseases, because arthrosis never accompanies arthritis, and can only be caused by it.

Forecasts

The difference between arthritis and arthrosis is also in the outcomes of the disease. For example, if arthritis is a symptom of another pathology, then with the appointment of an adequate treatment for the underlying disease, its symptoms disappear without a trace. A person, once faced with acute inflammation of the joints, can no longer remember it. Arthrosis is a disease that develops slowly and proceeds chronically. Destruction, which he calls, is virtually impossible to cure.

Summarizing the above, we draw your attention to the fact that the exact diagnosis of any pathology of the joints should be carried out only by a specialist. To consult a doctor should be timely, i.e., immediately, as any ailments in the joints appeared. Doing self-medication without contacting doctors in time for help, you give joint ailments a generous opportunity to permanently settle in your body. Do not waste time!

pathology of the joint