28Mar

How to choose an orthosis for the wrist joint and why is it needed?

A bandage for fixing wrist and metacarpophalangeal joints, fingers of the hand is called an orthosis. The device is used for diseases and injuries of the anatomical structures of the hand and forearm. The wrist joint has a complex structure that allows a person to perform precise movements with a brush and fingers to carry out their professional and household activities.

It was the opposing thumb of the hand that allowed a person to quickly evolve and achieve technical progress. At the same time, brushes with intense functional load are susceptible to inflammatory, dystrophic, traumatic effects, which reduces efficiency and limits the possibility of self-service, worsens the quality of life. For treatment, as well as the prevention of diseases and damage to the joints of the hand, an orthosis was created for the wrist joint.

Types of orthoses

Bandages for the wrist joint differ in the degree of rigidity and the ability to fix these or other joints of the hand. The use of orthosis and its variety is determined by a physician: therapist, surgeon, rheumatologist, traumatologist after a diagnostic examination, depending on the specific nature of the pathological process.

Adapters come in various sizes( S, M, L, XL) for children and adults.

Children's bandages have their own dimensional mesh, they differ in bright colors and interesting design, attractive for the child. All types of orthoses are anatomically shaped, they help to calm the inflammation, normalize the processes of tissue regeneration, prevent the formation of contractures of the upper limbs.

Soft wrist brace

The product is made of elastic hypoallergenic material that allows the skin to "breathe" thanks to the use of high-tech fabrics. The device does not bind the physiological movements of the hand and fingers, limiting the maximum flexion and extension in the joints, the rotation of the brush. The bandage not only provides an easy fixation, but also provides massage and warming action in the place of application.

Soft orthosis is prescribed in the following cases:

  • period of rehabilitation after a hand injury, accompanied by inflammatory processes of the joints, tendons, ligaments;
  • late postoperative period after surgical interventions on the anatomical structures of the hand;
  • degenerative-dystrophic diseases of the wrist and metacarpophalangeal joint( arthrosis);
  • inflammatory diseases of the wrist joint, adjacent muscles and ligaments of the forearm or hand( arthritis, tendovaginitis, myositis);
  • tunnel syndrome( compression of the median nerve);
  • rheumatoid arthritis, including juvenile( pediatric) form;
  • instability in the wrist joint.

A special kind of soft orthoses is considered to be products for athletes who use them to prevent injuries during training and competition, as well as during rehabilitation after bruising.

Semi-rigid wrist brace

Adaptations are made of a comfortable elastic material that does not cause skin irritation. To create stiffness in the fabric, inserts from soft plastic or flexible metal, which are placed on the palm surface of the product, are sewed. The bandage is designed for moderate fixation of the wrist joint and fingers of the hand. It limits movement and maintains the limb in a physiological position.

Wrist band
Soft orthosis in the form of a wristband

Semi-rigid wrist brace is prescribed in the following cases:

  • an early postoperative period with surgical interventions on joints, ligaments, tendons of the wrist and in the lower third of the forearm;
  • fixation of limb in physiological position after removal of plaster bandage;
  • paralysis and paresis of the hands after strokes;
  • rupture and sprain of ligaments;
  • bruises of brushes;
  • household and professional stretching tendons.

Semi-rigid bandage is considered an orthopedic product - it prevents the formation of contractures of the joints of the hand and normalizes the functioning of the upper limbs.

Rigid wrist brace

The bandage is made of a "breathable" material, reinforced with a dense plastic frame or metal strips on the palmar and side surfaces of the product. To fix the device on the hand, straps are provided, allowing you to change the degree of pressure on the hand. Bandage is designed for rigid fixation of the wrist and fingers, completely excludes movement in the hand.

A rigid wrist brace is prescribed in the following cases:

  • an early postoperative period with surgical manipulations on the wrist due to complex anatomical disorders( fractures, ligament and tendon injuries);
  • brush contractures after inflammatory, degenerative, neurological diseases( arthrosis, late stage of rheumatoid arthritis, consequences of strokes and brain injuries);
  • immobilization of the limb for fractures, ligament ruptures and tendons, muscle damage.
Semi-rigid orthosis for wrist joint
Semi-rigid orthosis for brush

The use of a rigid device for breach of the integrity of bones and other anatomical structures of the hand is considered a more physiological way of fixing, does not cause complications, shortens the rehabilitation period, helps maintain normal motor activity of the upper limb.

Reviews of patients and doctors about wrist brace

In modern medicine orthoses are widely used both in therapeutic and in surgical practice. The effectiveness of fixation bands in the treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system is reflected in the positive responses about products among patients and doctors.

Nikolai Alexandrovich, trainer, 30 years

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I am professionally engaged in oriental martial arts, I train children's and adult groups in a sports club. In training and competitions I use the soft bandage Orlett coolmax, the so-called wristband, which fixes the wrist well, prevents the stretching of the ligaments of the wrist joint, warms the muscles well in the area of ​​application. The product is made of high-tech material, which has all the advantages of cotton, but more durable and durable. Due to this, the bandage does not cause skin irritation, it removes moisture well, is pleasant to the body. The price of orthosis is quite consistent with quality and functionality, is in the range of 700-900 rubles.

Marina Yuryevna, housewife, 24 years old

Collided with Orlett orthosis during treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome. Being the mother of a three-year-old baby, she had rubella with him. After recovering, she began to notice puffiness of the brushes, numbness of the fingers, periodically disturbed with shooting pains in her hands. After diagnosis, the doctor appointed wearing a bandage, which reliably fixed his hand in the wrist joint, thereby reducing pain and preventing further spread of inflammation.

Hard orthesis
Stiff orthosis with superposition on the forearm, wrist and metacarpal joint

The device was comfortable to wear, had a memory effect( remembering the shape of the hand after first use), had good air permeability and moisture repellent properties. The purchase of orthosis cost me about 1500 rubles, the price fully corresponds to the quality of the product.

Nikolai Petrovich, Traumatologist, 45 years

I recommend wearing orthosis to my patients with sprains, tearing of tendons and even uncomplicated fractures of small bones of the upper limb. Bandages are a good alternative to plaster bandages, because they have an anatomical shape, have the property of removing moisture from the surface of the hand, allowing the skin under the orthosis to "breathe".Such devices are well proven when it is necessary to fix the limb in the wrist joint after operations and injuries. The recovery period in such cases is significantly reduced, the possibility of developing complications is minimized. Well proven bandages company Orlett, whose price is between 700-3000 rubles, depending on the purpose.

Wristbands for wrist joints are widely used as a treatment for diseases and injuries of anatomical structures of brushes. Adaptations can be used as an effective preventive agent with intensive loads on the distal parts of the upper limbs. Thanks to the use of bandages, the possibility of developing joint contractures is reduced, the length of the therapeutic course of treatment is reduced, the rehabilitation period after operations and injuries is reduced, the functioning of the hands is maintained in full.

Orthosis for wrist joint
Contents:
  • Types of orthoses
  • Soft wrist brace
  • Semi-rigid wrist brace
  • Hard wrist brace
  • Reviews of patients and doctors