Due to the fact that the growing body of the child is formed slowly enough, the structure of its intestine differs from the gastrointestinal tract in an adult. Constipation in a child is the lack of the ability to empty the bowels on their own for a couple of days, or the appearance of stool of a solid consistency, which has the form of "balls" or "sausages."
There are many signs that the baby can not empty the intestines. Parents who notice that their child is suffering from constipation should know what to do in this situation, in order to best help the child cope with the disease.
- 1 Constipation and the causes of their appearance in children
- 2 Constipation symptoms in infants
- 3 How to deal with constipation in a child
- 4 Medication for constipation in a child
Constipation and the causes of their appearance in children
Constipation is considered to be such a violation of defecation, in which self-emptying of the intestine is either not observed at all, or stool becomes very hard, which greatly complicates the emptying process. There are many reasons for the appearance of constipation. Depending on the factors that influence the onset of constipation, this ailment can have different types.
So, one of the reasons for constipation, can be dehydration of the body, or a low amount of fluid entering it. This is especially evident in the hot seasons. Due to the large loss of fluid in the body, there are violations in the peristalsis of the gastrointestinal tract, and the digestive process is deteriorating.
This ailment can also occur due to excessive muscle strain at the end of the large intestine, which is why the stool masses can not normally leave the body. Over time, feces that do not go out during defecation become more dry and hard, which further exacerbates the situation, and trips to the toilet become even more uncomfortable.
The process of bowel movement becomes painful, so the kid can not want to go to the toilet himself, thereby making the constipation more problematic. The propensity to manifest this disease can be observed in members of the same family. Constipation, which begins at a small age, periodically occurs during the rest of life. Therefore it is important in time to teach the child to regular trips to the toilet, in order to avoid increasing the ailment in the future.
Another cause of constipation is stress. Stress can be observed in the baby for various reasons: this is a change of scenery, frequent travel, a change in diet, disease, or lack of sleep. In the case when the child has no problems with the intestines, with constipation it is possible to fight with special laxatives.
Chronic type of constipation can be caused by constant stress, or by malnutrition. The disease can be treated with the help of herbs, but it is extremely important at the same time to determine the cause of its development and eliminate it. The child may worry that parents often quarrel, or from problems in school - this should be avoided in order to get rid of the ailment.
There are many reasons for the development of constipation in babies. Basically, it is dehydration of the body, as well as stressful situations, which are so vulnerable to a small child. In order to get rid of this disease, you can use special medications, but in order for the treatment to be effective, you need to first eliminate the cause of constipation.
Symptoms of constipation in toddlers
This ailment can have both intestinal and extraintestinal symptoms. The first type can be attributed to the following:
- low frequency of bowel evacuation, or complete absence of it
- firm consistency of stool
- feeling of "filled" intestine even after defecation
- pain and bloating
- bloody discharge in fecal masses
- pain accompanying act of defecation
- paradoxicalFecal incontinence
The frequency of the stool, which is considered normal, varies with the age of the child. Newborns, for example, who are fed from the breast, emptied the intestine seven times a day. As the child grows, the frequency of defecations also decreases: at the age of six months, the frequency of the stool is considered to be two times as often as a knock. Children who are on artificial feeding, usually go to the toilet no more than once a day.
After one year, the child must go to the toilet once or twice a day. If the frequency of bowel movements is lower than this, then this can be regarded as constipation.
Up to six months, the stool of normal consistency has a mushy appearance. After six months and up to two years, it has both a mushy, and a decorated look. Feces of very hard consistency, having the appearance of "balls" or "sausages", as well as frequent emptying of the intestine in the form of a decorated stool in small portions - signs of constipation.
Due to constipation, the baby can suffer from intestinal colic, flatulence, pressure in the anal area. The fact that the child is worried and suffering from pain during the emptying of the intestine suggests that dense stools stretch the walls of the intestine, so that the mucous membrane of the anal can be traumatized.
When injuring the tissues of the intestine, some blood in the veins can be observed in the stool. In addition to local manifestations, children who suffer from constipation may experience other, extraintestinal symptoms:
- general malaise of the body
- increased fatigue
- pallor of the skin
Excessive accumulation of feces in the bowel provokes that it receives less nutrition, and possible problems with the microflora can provoke colitis, which exacerbates the manifestation of constipation in the child. In addition, prolonged constipation can cause prolapse of the rectum.
Symptoms of constipation in a child are of two types: local( intestinal) and external( extraintestinal).This is due to the fact that in addition to disturbances in emptying, which are often accompanied by severe discomfort and pain, constipation causes disruption of the functioning of the entire body of the child.
More information on the problem of constipation in children can be found in the thematic video clip:
How to deal with constipation in a child
In order to effectively help a child cope with constipation, one should know for what reason it originated. In order to combat this malaise, there are various means: both medicamentous and traditional medicine.
Before treating a baby, consult a doctor. To treat a child on their own, especially when using laxatives, can not be, since this can harm a baby in some situations.
For first aid in constipation, you can resort to such methods:
- will quickly help to cope with the inability to empty the intestine of Vaseline, or castor oil( one and a half or two spoons orally, that is, through the mouth).The effect should come within a couple of hours.
to accelerate the passage of stools can using candles with glycerin, or a special microclamation Mikrolaks.
- if there are no above mentioned means, then you can put a simple enema for cleansing. In order to make it, you need a half cup of boiled water( chilled), which is placed in a special enema balloon. The tip of the enema should be oiled, after which its contents are inserted into the anus. The child to whom the enema is administered should lie on the left side, with legs bent to the abdomen. After the enema has been introduced, it is necessary to keep the buttocks pressed for some time with the help of hands, so that nothing will leak out. The baby should lie until the urge to defecate.
In case of chronic constipation, treatment should be comprehensive. First of all, you should resort to the appointment of a special diet. In addition to it, it is necessary to normalize the regime of the day and to exclude the influence of harmful psychological factors. If the diet does not help, then special medication can be prescribed.
Nutrition for constipation should include products that increase the amount of feces, as well as stimulating intestinal motility. The most acceptable option for this are products containing a large amount of plant fiber: bran, black and grain bread, different raw fruits, vegetables, berries, buckwheat and oatmeal.
Following the diet, the baby should take an abundant amount of fluids. It will be good to use vegetable oils, meat with veins, compotes. The ration also includes dairy products. But the food, in which there are many simple carbohydrates, proteins and animal fats, should be excluded from the diet.
For effective control of a baby's constipation, it is best to consult a specialist. The doctor will be able to prescribe a comprehensive treatment, as well as a special diet, aimed at improving the condition of the child and getting rid of the disease.
Medication for constipation in a child
Rational medical treatment can only be prescribed by a doctor. Laxative drugs are divided into several groups by the mechanism of action:
- laxative prebiotics
- voluminous drugs
The first group is considered the safest group of laxatives. Often it is irritating drugs that are used to treat children. The basis of these funds are various plant components that are safe for the child's body. Preparations of this group have irritating effects on the receptors of the rectum, stimulating its peristalsis. Usually after their admission, one emptying of the intestine takes place within a couple of hours.
Drugs that are osmotic-related are more effective, but they do not eliminate the causes of constipation. These agents have the following effect: they retain water in the lumen of the intestine, which causes softening of the stool and its increase. This type of laxative drugs will suit children in case of food poisoning, or when poisoning with medicines.
Laxative prebiotics are food components that are not digested by the intestines and therefore remain unchanged in the colon, accelerating the development of beneficial microflora in it. This drug is considered safe and fully effective, so it is often used to treat constipation in children.
Bulk preparations, after consumption enter the intestines, absorb liquid and stretch the walls of the intestine, simplifying the process of defecation. When choosing the type of laxative drug, you should determine what caused constipation in the child. The main cause of constipation, which is not associated with any gastrointestinal diseases, is a certain effect of eaten foods. When the cause of constipation in food, taking laxatives will easily help to cope with the problem.
Constipation arising from time to time, and caused by a change in diet, can also be treated with laxatives. At the same time, we should not forget that the age of the child is an important criterion when choosing a method of therapy. So, for children less than a year, laxatives can be given only in the form of a liquid.
The best option is to take a laxative in the form of a syrup. A good laxative for children less than a year is dill water based on fennel: a drug available in any pharmacy. The products based on lactulose are suitable for young children best: they are pleasant to taste, and also restore useful intestinal microflora.
Children who are more than one year old are not advised to give a stimulant for the functioning of the intestine( these products include extracts of buckthorn and senna).Although these drugs are effective, but their administration can cause pain in the child. In the event that a prolonged intake of laxatives is prescribed, funds that are based on mineral oils are excluded.
Parents need to remember that laxatives are a temporary solution to the problem, since they do not eliminate the cause of the ailment. Therefore, it is impossible to select the ideal drug for a child, but doctors advise taking the following drugs that can help the baby.
So, it is possible to normalize the state of the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract with the help of Prelax and Dufalac. To soften the stool weights are perfect for children Forlax, Transipeg and Macrogol. These funds belong to the osmotic group and do not work very quickly: within a couple of days after their use. Application Buskupana effectively eliminates intestinal spasms, and also facilitates the process of defecation in the baby.
Regardless of the choice of the drug, you should consult your doctor before using it.
Laxatives are divided into several groups by the mechanism of action. Each of these groups differently eliminates constipation and facilitates the process of defecation. For a rational choice of a medicine for a baby, parents should consult a doctor.
Constipation - violation of bowel movement, due to which defecation is either completely impossible, or the stool becomes too hard and comes out in small portions. Constipation can be caused by a variety of causes and in order to cure it, you first need to eliminate the cause of its occurrence. There are different laxative drugs that can be used to eliminate constipation in a child. Before giving them to a child, you should consult a specialist.
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