Features of the lifestyle of modern man, such as a long stay in a forced position, for example, when working at a computer or driving a car, often contribute to the development of osteochondrosis. Therefore, the question of treating this disease sooner or later rises before almost every person over 30 years old.
Thinning of the cartilaginous discs located between the vertebrae, and as a result the damage to the spinal cord leaving the nerve fibers is the main mechanism of the onset of pain in osteochondrosis. The injections in the treatment of this pathology are used quite often. After all, the injection method of administration of drugs allows you to quickly achieve the effect.
Types of injections for osteochondrosis
Modern agents used in this disease can be administered subcutaneously, intravenously, intramuscularly and directly into the source of pain. This method has been called the blockade or nyxes in the back, when the drug( most often lidocaine or novocaine) blocks the impulses on the affected nerve, thus stopping the pain syndrome.
This procedure is used in case of very severe, unbearable pain or if there are contraindications to use other means. It should be noted that other drugs such as ketoprofen, ketorolac or milgamma should not be used in this way, so will not have an effect.
A person who agrees to a similar procedure should be understood that it is aimed only at relieving pain and does not treat the disease itself. In this case, it is worth consulting with a doctor about the possibility of using other methods.
Vitamins for osteochondrosis
In the treatment of osteochondrosis, the administration of group B vitamins, which facilitate the restoration of the envelope of damaged nerve fibers, as well as nicotinic acid( vitamin PP), which improves blood supply in the focus of pain, is most often prescribed for the treatment of osteochondrosis. These drugs can also be administered intramuscularly.
Modern industry produces combined preparations containing several vitamins in one ampoule. The most famous of them are the kombilipen, compliments to B, milgamma.
Intramuscularly injected and funds that contribute to the restoration of cartilage in intervertebral discs( containing chondroitin or glucosamine).However, they are often applied in the form of capsules or tablets.
Features of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
The injections in osteochondrosis are in most cases aimed at arresting the pain syndrome, and one of the most common classes of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( otrofen, meloxicam, ketoprofen).They reduce the inflammatory phenomena in the focus of pain and thus reduce its severity.
The mechanism of action of these drugs is the blocking of a special enzyme( cyclooxygenase), under the influence of which the synthesis of prostaglandins responsible for the pain syndrome in the focus of inflammation, from arachidonic acid occurs.
Normally, leukotrienes are also formed from it, taking part in the allergic response. Synthesis of them with the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs increases( in fact, arachidonic acid remains more).Therefore, in persons suffering from osteochondrosis in addition to allergic diseases, for example, atopic bronchial asthma, deterioration often occurs.
In such situations, it is possible to refuse the use of this group of drugs or to correct treatment for an allergic disease. Therefore, when deciding the question of which shots for osteochondrosis is better, it is necessary to pay attention to the presence of concomitant diseases in a person.
The effects of drugs on the stomach
First of all, it is peptic ulcer and gastritis. After all, the blockade of cyclooxygenase occurs in the submucosal layer of the stomach. Therefore, very often the aggravation of existing chronic diseases of this organ is provoked.
The opinion about the harmlessness in this regard of injection forms of NSAIDs is erroneous. After intramuscular injection( they can not be used subcutaneously), these drugs are absorbed into the blood and reach the point of their application( stomach) through the blood vessels. After all, it is there that they "work".
Therefore, the incidence of gastritis and exacerbation of peptic ulcer with their injection, as, indeed, and with rectal( candle), the application does not differ from that when taking tablets. For the prevention of such complications are prescribed funds that protect the stomach, such as omeprazole, esomeprazole, pantoprazole.
In addition to the above side effects, sometimes due to the retention of sodium ions in the body with the intake of NSAIDs, swelling on the legs and increased pressure. A number of drugs inhibit only type I cyclooxygenase( meloxicam).Side effects with their use are much less, however, and the analgesic effect is less pronounced.
The feature of the defeat of the cartilaginous discs of the cervical spine is not only the presence of pain syndrome during movements, but also the frequent occurrence of dizziness due to the "pinching" of the cervical artery from one or both sides. It provides nutrition to the brain.
Therefore, injections for cervical osteochondrosis are often done intravenously and use drugs aimed at correcting cerebral circulation( piracetam, actovegin).
Thus, the injectable use of drugs allows for a faster analgesic effect than the use of tableted analogs, but in the case of NSAIDs it does not contribute to reducing side effects.
You can also read an article about the use of chondroprotectors and folk methods of treating osteochondrosis.