Probably, there is no such person on the planet who, suffering from myopia, would not ask himself: is it possible to cure myopia?
Regardless of the answer to this question, one must say that it is necessary to treat this disease. But how fully it will be cured depends on different factors: on the form of the disease, on the timeliness of the treatment, and on its methods.
Is it possible to cure myopia?
Treatment in any case will give one or another result. Even if, for short-sightedness, the restoration of vision is 100% due to some reasons, it will be impossible for the various techniques existing in our time to help at least prevent the further development of the disease.
In this case, it must be remembered that only a doctor can competently suggest - how to improve myopia. Self-medication is not worth it.
However, even now doctors are not always able to give a clear prediction regarding the development of this disease. In many people suffering from myopia, the relief of this illness can proceed independently, without any dependence on extraneous influences. But at the same time it is known that if the onset of myopia develops for a period of up to 10 years, then there is a high probability( about 75%) that it will develop to 6.0 diopters and above.
Today, there are many ways to treat myopia. All of them have different effectiveness and the expediency of using any of them should be evaluated by a specialist.
All methods of treating myopia are reduced to the correction of this pathology with the help of lenses, the use of various kinds of medications, including vitamins, and surgical interventions to eliminate the disease in order to combat this ailment. And if treatment of myopia of a weak degree can be limited to the use of lenses, then at high degrees of ailment without surgical interventions it is hardly possible to manage. And patients diagnosed with myopic illness need not only treatment, but also in constant dispensary observation.
How to correct myopia: lenses in the treatment of myopia of a mild degree
In order to achieve a better vision with myopia of the first degree, glasses are often not prescribed at all, unless of course a person experiences discomfort. The fact is that the weak degree of this ailment does not significantly affect the quality of sight. However, there is a danger in the form of the possibility of disease progression.
If in the diagnosis of weak myopia treatment still requires glasses, then they are selected in such a way as to provide a full correction, i.e.100% vision. Apply them to the distance, and only if necessary. To work at close range points are not required.
If the degree of myopia is average, then such a patient, when deciding how to correct nearsightedness, is usually assigned constantly worn glasses, because in this case there is a poor vision of not only distant objects, but also those closer to the eyes.
For close, as a rule, another pair of glasses is prescribed. Perhaps the appointment of so-called bifocals, the upper half of which serves to perform correction of long-range vision, while the lower one is compared with the upper weaker( by several dioptres) improves vision near.
In patients with high-grade myopia, treatment is also performed with the appointment of glasses for permanent wearing.
And the more profound impairments of vision are observed in a person, the higher is his intolerance to complete correction. Because of this, ophthalmologists in such cases prescribe a so-called correction for tolerability. In other words, they provide not 100% vision, but with which patient will be comfortable.
I must say that when raising the issue of how to cure myopia first, what patients are beginning to think about is glasses. They have always been, perhaps, the most common means for correcting myopia, becausesimple, cheap and safe.
However, with all its advantages, these devices deliver a lot of inconvenience to a person. For example, they constantly sweat, often slide, periodically even fall and get dirty, and also create an obstacle to exercise sports or other active physical activity. And what is much important for such a category as drivers: glasses create a very strong limitation of lateral vision and quite seriously violate the effect of stereoscopy and spatial perception. Plus, in the case of improperly selected selection glasses can cause permanent overwork of the eye and lead to the progression of myopia.
Given these drawbacks, doctors, when deciding how to get rid of myopia, recommend contact lensing to many patients who have a number of advantages in comparison with glasses. In particular, they are able to bring to normal conditions the life of even a very active and athletic personality.
Nevertheless, using contact lenses in myopia can also be encountered with certain inconveniences. Someone, for example, can not reconcile with the presence of a foreign object in the eye. And someone starts to worry about allergic reactions. Plus, no one is immune from the risk of infectious complications. Lenses can not be worn for any, even the easiest, colds. And the process of installing and removing them is quite unpleasant, and even worse, if the lens suddenly pops up.
How to get rid of myopia: medical methods for treating myopia
Drops and other dosage forms of certain preparations included in the treatment of myopia are an auxiliary method rather than the main one.
The point is that the medical treatment of myopia does not contribute to the processes of reverse lens change into the former, normal state. The use of certain drugs in the form of drops or in some other form is prescribed, as a rule, to stabilize the condition by activating the supply of internal eye structures.
In order to prevent the progression of the disease to all patients with nearsightedness, it is recommended to undergo a course of drug therapy 1-2 times a year. Thus any drops at a myopia the doctor should appoint or nominate. All medications should always be used only after a visit to the ophthalmologist, who, after assessing the individual characteristics of the course of the disease, determines the most appropriate medications and an adequate regimen for admission.
In particular, when answering the question of how to treat myopia, an ophthalmologist can prescribe medications that help strengthen the sclera. These include ascorbic acid and a drug such as calcium gluconate.
Treatment of myopia: "Irifrin" and other drops with myopia
It is also possible to use funds that favor the acceleration of metabolic processes in the retina. It can be "Taufon" in the form of a solution or, for example, aloe, or injection of a solution of ATP.
Such preparations as "Mesaton" or "Irifrin" with short-sightedness are prescribed in order to influence the accommodation, namely, to relieve its spasm. For this purpose, other mydriatic can also be used, for example, intravenous calcium chloride.
A good effect is given by drugs that help improve blood circulation and, in particular, cerebral circulation. This includes such drugs as Trental and nicotinic acid, as well as Piracetam and Pentoxifylline.
How to cure myopia physiotherapy methods
In addition to treating myopia with drops and other medicinal forms of the above drugs, there are also physiotherapy methods of therapy. I must say that they are quite good help to slow down the development of the disease. Such methods include magnetotherapy, electro- and laser stimulation of the ciliary muscle, phono- or electrophoresis with spasmolytic substances.
Massage of the collar zone will also be useful. Of the general measures, a sparing regimen and strengthening therapy are prescribed.
Vitamins for myopia are used as a part of specially developed complexes, in addition to vitamins of group B, there is vitamin C, as well as various minerals and biologically active substances. This combination is aimed at maintaining the optimal mode of functioning of all cells and structures of the eyeball.
Can myopia be cured: surgical treatment for high degree myopia
When deciding how to treat myopia in adults, an ophthalmologist can stop using such a method as a surgical procedure. This type of struggle with this ailment is often used to prevent the development of myopia and correct refraction.
It should be noted that for those patients who have developed high myopia, treatment with this method is perhaps the only chance to restore a more or less normal visual function.
In practice, several groups of surgical interventions for myopia are used.
The first group combines sclera-strengthening operations, the essence of which is that a substance delaying the expansion of the eye is introduced into the posterior pole of the visual organ, creating conditions for scleral revascularization. This group includes posterior scleroplasty and sclera-strengthening injection.
In the first case, the posterior polis of the optic apple is strengthened by sewing the graft strips. When deciding how to treat the nearsightedness of a progressive form caused by a change in eye size, it is usually preferable to such an operation. In its course, tiny pieces of sclerotoplastic tissue are inserted through the microarrays into the posterior eye wall.
In the second case, a expandable polymer composition is introduced under the Tenon capsule( posterior eye section), which on the surface of the sclera is transformed into an elastic gel serving as a framework for the growth of connective tissue, as well as an element that stimulates the formation of collagen. Over time, this material resolves, and myopia stabilizes.
The second group of interventions included in the surgical treatment of myopia is refractive surgery.
This includes, first of all, a procedure such as keratotomy. This is an operation that involves applying radial knife incisions along the periphery of the cornea. In this case, as a result of the influence of intraocular pressure, the cornea flattenes and thereby reduces its refractive force.
The same group includes keratomileus. With this intervention, the physician uses a specially adapted instrument( called a microkeratome) to remove the stratum of corneal tissue in the optical zone. During this procedure, the corneal flattening occurs.
Refractive operations include the extraction of the lens with the installation of its artificial substitute. However, this method is used only when the question arises of how to treat myopia of a very high degree( over 12 diopters).
How to treat nearsightedness in adults with a laser?
Laser treatment of myopia is by far the most modern and safe for this disease. The laser allows you to get rid of wearing glasses and using contact lenses.
The whole point of this technique is to change the shape of the cornea. Under the influence of a laser beam, it is made more flat, which accordingly reduces its optical power.
Simply put, using a laser in the cornea creates a minus glass. It basically operates in this disease, as well as glasses, i.e.diffuses light. Because of this, the image falls directly on the retina, which means that the patient begins to see well into the distance.
Laser methods for treating myopia
The most basic techniques that are used to treat laser myopia are the following: Super LASIK and PRK.
The first is generally the "gold standard" and is successfully used to correct myopia around the world. Most doctors, answering the question whether it is possible to cure myopia, recommend this particular operation. This technique is good in that it takes into account the individual corneal parameters of a particular patient. As a result, the optics of the eye, close to ideal, are formed with the help of the laser.
Treatment of myopia by the PRK method is carried out if the patient has a thin cornea or a small degree of myopia, when there are contraindications to the above-mentioned "super-lasik" technique. This method can also be carried out according to the individual corneal parameters, which are usually obtained in a survey with a surveyor. This is the so-called personalized PRK.
There are other options for vision correction using a laser( for example, conventional LASIK, etc.).However, such methods do not take into account the patient's personal characteristics. For all patients, standard patterns are used in this case.