I tore my back - that's what they say when I have severe pain because of the unsuccessful end of some physical exertion. What should I do if I tore my back so that these feelings stop as soon as possible?
The essence of the pathology of
First of all, is it worth to find out what happens when I tore my back? The causes of this phenomenon - physical activity. This is hard work, carrying heavy loads, using power sports. Although in some cases, you can break your back even after lifting a 5 kg weight. Additional factors contributing to this pathology are hypothermia, nervous stress, severe concomitant diseases, neurological disorders.
Although the phrase "tore my back" from a medical point of view is not entirely correct. The basis of the so-called.back failure is lumbar osteochondrosis and dislocation( displacement) of the intervertebral disc in the lumbar region. As a result of pathological degenerative processes, the cartilaginous disk between the vertebrae becomes thinner and loses its elasticity.
This disk is easily displaced in the posterior or posterolateral direction after axial loading on the spine. The displaced disc irritates the sensory and motor roots of the spinal nerves.
In addition, under the influence of the load, the configuration of the spinal column changes - bending forward( lordosis) in the lumbar region decreases. Because of this, the nerves in the intervertebral foramen are infringed and inflamed. Expressed reflex muscle tension is also accompanied by pain.
Thus, in the formation of this pathological process involved several components - vertebrogenic( vertebral), disk, neurogenic, muscular.
The main symptoms of backbreaking:
- Acute lower back pain, giving off in the buttocks, in the lower limbs, and increasing over time
- Bulging of the spinous processes of the lumbar vertebrae due to the flattening of the lumbar lordosis
- Numbness, tingling, crawling sensation in the lumbar region
- Back tension
- Sharp restriction of movements in the lower back and lower extremities.
If a person tore his back, how to treat this condition? First you need to create a guard mode. Of course, physical activity, motor activity are excluded. The patient is placed on his back, on a flat, hard surface.
Which doctor treats back pain?
The first stage - drug therapy. Blockades with local anesthetics, although they do not affect the course of the process, but effectively eliminate pain. And this in this case is also important. Next, use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs - Diclofenac, Indomethacin, Orthofen. These drugs are best used in combination - in injections and locally, in gels and ointments.
Rub the anti-inflammatory ointment carefully, gently, so as not to aggravate the pathology. For the same reasons, in the first day or two, refrain from thermal procedures, warming compresses, warming ointments - Apizartron, Finalgon. Massage and physiotherapeutic procedures should be used only in the recovery period, in the phase of remission( remission), when the exacerbation is lifted. At the same time, a set of health-improving physical activities is carried out to stabilize the spine, strengthen the muscular corset. You can hang on the crossbar, with the spine stretching along the axis, and the pressure of the discs on the nerve fibers weakens. In this regard, also effective in the swimming pool.
Significant disk displacements are eliminated by direct manual intervention during manual therapy. All of the above methods with untimely and unskilful use can turn out not good, but evil. To prevent this from happening, treatment should be performed by experienced vertebrologists.