Diet for gout during an exacerbation - the basic principles of nutrition
Gout is a chronic disease in which the salt of uric acid is deposited in the joints. Unfortunately, it is impossible to get rid of this disease. But to reduce the periods of exacerbation and prolong the phase of remission is possible by observing strict rules in nutrition.
Diet for gout is aimed at normalizing the exchange of purine and reducing the salt of uric acid in the body. What is this diet? And how should the patient eat during periods of exacerbation and persistent remission?
Diet for gout
The diet for exacerbation of gout and in the phase of persistent remission requires compliance with a special diet. The patient should eat 4 times a day at regular intervals. Fasting and overeating are simply unacceptable, as they can lead to the development of new seizures and a sharp deterioration in well-being. If the patient has excess weight, then it must be disposed of. But not abruptly, but gradually.
It is also recommended to drink a lot of liquid. In the period of stable remission, not less than two liters, in the period of exacerbation - not less than three liters. In this case, you can drink absolutely any liquid - teas, compotes, juices, kissels, mineral water, etc. It should be taken in the intervals between meals, and not during meals.
Table of diet products for gout
Prohibited products of
The list of prohibited products for gout is very large. And, first of all, a patient with this ailment should refuse to eat animal fats, not quite, but from most of them. That is, the diet for gout on legs excludes food:
- broths cooked on the basis of meat, fish and mushrooms;
- by-products( liver, lungs, stomachs, etc.);
- meat of young animals;
- various smoked meat products;
- sauces, which contain animal fats.
Diet for gout during an exacerbation requires a complete rejection of fish products in any form( boiled, baked, steamed), including caviar. And in the phase of persistent remission, it is not recommended to eat salted and fried fish, as well as various canned food, even cooked at home.
A patient with gout should not include beans in his diet, as they can lead to an exacerbation of the disease. These include:
- polka dots;
For the same purpose it is not recommended to add various spices to dishes, such as mustard, horseradish and pepper.
Cheese even belongs to the dietary products, which is included in the list of approved products of almost all medical diets, but it is forbidden to use it with gout. Especially it concerns salted and sharp varieties.
Diet with gout on the legs allows you to consume almost all fruits. Exceptions are raspberries, grapes and figs. From sweets it is forbidden to eat cream cakes and cakes, as well as chocolate and chocolate sweets and bars.
It is not recommended for a sick gout to drink strong tea, coffee and cocoa. Strictly prohibited alcohol, including wine and wine drinks.
During an exacerbation it is recommended to adhere to a vegetarian diet. That is, you can eat various vegetable soups, fruit salads, dairy and sour-milk products, broths, etc.
During the period of stable remission, dietary meats( turkey, chicken, rabbit) and some types of seafood( shrimp, squid) are allowed. It is allowed to use low-fat fish, but only in a boiled form.
Diet for gout recommends using exacerbation and remission to use low-fat cottage cheese. You can eat it both in its pure form, and prepare various dishes from it( for example, cheese cakes).
All kinds of porridge are also allowed. They can be cooked both on water and on milk, but only diluted with ordinary water in a ratio of 1: 1.Whole milk is prohibited. It can be drunk with caution only in the phase of persistent remission and only after the approval of the attending physician.
Vegetables in gout can eat almost everything, both boiled and raw, baked and fried. Radish, spinach, celery, asparagus, cauliflower should be used in small amounts and only phase stable remission.
Patients with certain types of sweets are allowed to suffer from gout. This is pastry, marshmallow, marmalade, caramel and jam. It is also allowed to consume all sorts of fruits and berries, as well as nuts and seeds. Menu for diets with gout on legs.
Bread can be eaten either. Cooking dishes and fill salads can be any vegetable oil. But it is best to use olive or linseed. Vegetable oil can be eaten, but in limited quantities. Cook meals should be with a minimal addition of salt and other spices that improve the taste of food.
The diet for gout supposes the use of green tea, chicory, decoction of rose hips, fruit and vegetable juices, morses, kvass, jelly. Preference should be given to cucumber juice, as it promotes the removal of purines from the body and facilitates the patient's well-being even during the period of exacerbation.
Also very useful are cranberry and cranberry morses, mineral alkaline water with a low gas content.
Sample diet menu for gout
During the exacerbation of patients with gout prescribed diet number 6.It assumes a complete rejection of meat and fish products, the use of only curd and dairy products, as well as fruits and vegetables in its pure form. On the last it is recommended to arrange unloading days every 2 days, until the illness subsides.
In a day, a patient with gout in the period of exacerbation is allowed to consume:
- cottage cheese - 400 g;
- kefir - 0,5 l;
- vegetables and fruits - 1.5 kg;
- milk, diluted with water - 1 liter.
As the state of health improves, meat and fish products( cutlets, meatballs, souffle, etc.) begin to be added to the patient's diet, but in small portions and cooked for a couple.
Detailed menu of one day!
Breakfast: a plate of fruit salad with yoghurt and honey, tea with milk, biscuits.
Snack: a glass of milk or kefir.
Lunch: vegetable soup with vegetable oil and herbs.
Snack: cutlet from potatoes, cream.
Dinner: boiled egg with cucumber.
Before going to bed: cottage cheese with yogurt.
Although gout is an incurable disease, it can easily be controlled by the person. If he will comply with all the recommendations of a doctor and will adhere to dietary rules for gout, he can for a long time forget about the existence of this ailment.