Fungus of the foot belongs to the category of very contagious infectious diseases, the causative agent of which are some species of fungi. In particular, after the survey, representatives of the genus Candida are most often sown.
There is a skin fungus when particles of infected epidermis get into favorable conditions, that is, it must be warm and moist. In this case, fungi begin to multiply actively, spreading not only over the surface of the skin, but "grabbing" nail plates and folds between the fingers.
Symptoms and causes of foot fungus
- 1 Symptoms and causes of foot fungus
- 2 Treatment of foot fungus with modern methods
- 3 Foot fungus preparations
- 4 Antifungal ointments
Fungus equally affects both men and women. It is most likely to pick up an ailment in places of large concentrations of people, for example, in a public sauna or swimming pool, if you walk barefoot or wear someone else's slippers. You must be extremely careful when you visit the master of manicure and pedicure, because poor-quality processing of tools is fraught with the development of mycosis.
If someone in the family suffers from this disease, it is necessary to follow at least elementary rules of personal hygiene: the patient has a personal towel, slippers, bast, scissors. This is the only way to prevent further contamination of other relatives.
Some chronic pathologies contribute to the worsening of symptoms, making mycosis much more difficult:
- metabolic disorder;
- overweight, obesity;
- diabetes mellitus of any type;
- varicose veins;
- autoimmune pathologies: systemic sclerosis, angiospasm of the extremities, or Raynaud's syndrome;
- of vascular pathology;
- flat feet;
- lack of vitamins and minerals in the daily diet, which leads to severe avitaminosis;
- immunosuppression caused by taking cytotoxic drugs and / or hormonal drugs for a long time.
Symptoms of the disease
Symptoms of the disease are visible already in the first stage, but most patients simply do not pay attention to a change in the skin or nails. Although dermatologists divide the types of foot fungus precisely according to the symptoms:
- The erased form of is characterized by a slight inflammation of the skin and a barely noticeable flaking between the 3rd and 4th toes, and there are rarely any shallow cracks.
- When intertriginoznom fungus affects the skin between 4 and 5 fingers. Here it softens, turns red, rashes may appear in the form of small blisters with serous contents, on the foot cracks form which, when walking, "respond" with severe pain and unbearable itching.
- For , the dysgidrotic is characterized by the appearance of a blistering rash on the arch of the foot. After the destruction of the vesicles ulcers are formed as a result of the attachment of a secondary infection. Strong exfoliation appears on the wound healing site.
- Squamous-hyperkeratotic form - launched foot fungus , flowing with the formation of small-plate scaling and shallow but very painful cracks.
However, with a variety of forms, many of the symptoms are similar:
- skin inflammation;
- appearance of cracks on the heels and in the folds between the fingers;
- increased dryness and peeling;
- marked reddening of the skin of the feet;
- epidermis in the lesions of the fungus thickens, itching and burning;
- over time, the fungus affects the nail plate, as a result of which it thickens and becomes turbid.
At the initial stage, the disease does not particularly manifest itself, and not everyone knows how looks like the foot fungus , but already now the patient is extremely contagious to others. Therefore, it is very important to start the appropriate treatment when the first signs appear.
Treatment of foot fungus with modern methods
Mycosis is a serious enough ailment, requiring an integrated approach. Therapy, or in other words effective treatment of foot fungus, usually involves the appointment of anti-inflammatory and antifungal agents, as well as drugs aimed at normalizing blood circulation.
At the initial stage, the doctor can recommend a course of foot baths with the addition of potassium permanganate, which has a good antiseptic effect. During the procedure, the skin is treated with pumice and the horny layer is removed. After the bath, inflamed skin is smeared with antibiotic-containing ointments, which also have an anti-inflammatory effect.
No less effective treatment of fungus by popular methods and means.
Important! The use of topical antifungal agents is possible only after curing ulcers and wounds on the skin.
After the beginning of treatment it is necessary to process shoes and pedicure set with special disinfectant solutions, and socks should be changed regularly and ironed after washing.
Drugs for the treatment of foot fungus
Mycosis therapy includes effective systemic and topical preparations. As systemic antifungal agents( fluconazole, itraconazole) are prescribed, which are applied long and strictly according to the scheme.
At the same time, hepatoprotectors( essential or carpsil) should be taken, as fluconazole has a negative effect on liver function. Diseases of fungal nature develop against the background of weakened immunity, that is, the remedy for the foot fungus should also include a good vitamin-mineral complex( vitrum, supradin).Also important is the treatment of chronic ailments that worsen blood circulation in the lower extremities.
Local treatment of dermatomycosis includes the use of antifungal ointments and creams. Effective cream from the foot fungus contains terbinafine( lamizil, terbinox, terbifin) or clotrimazole, or ketoconazole( Nizoral).
Important! Apply any drug should be strictly according to the instructions. If there are no visible results within a week or any side effects are found, you need to visit the doctor urgently.
For complete recovery from dermatomycosis, you need to fully undergo treatment with antifungal agents. Only in this case the person will not again think how to get rid of the foot fungus. After all, as soon as the main symptoms disappear, the patient feels healthy and stops taking medication. However, this behavior is fraught with serious complications and relapse of mycosis in the future.