Why palms of hands sweat and what to do about it?
Hyperhidrosis of the palms - this is the name of the condition in which the palms of the hands begin to sweat. According to scientists, this condition can be observed for several reasons. And this is stress or an attempt by the body to normalize one's own body temperature.
You probably watched this paradox - when you start to get nervous, worry about some important event or feel fear of something, your hands are sweating. This phenomenon is completely natural, it is caused by the appearance of a strong excitation of the central nervous system, which activates the production of special sweat glands. Why is this happening? And is it possible to get rid of this ailment once and for all, which eternally "betrays" us to others? Let's try to figure this out.
Sweat glands in the human body
The human body is a complex mechanism, the work of which is not understood by everyone. Each of its organs is responsible for a specific function. However, everything in it is interconnected. This applies to the sweat glands.
In humans, they are of three types:
- is apocrine;
- is apoexcreen.
Despite the fact that all these types perform the same function( generate sweat), there is a difference between them, and this should be understood. After all, the fact that palms sweat during emotional stress, affects only a certain group.
The main part of the sweat glands in the human body is made up by the eccrine glands. They fulfill their specific role - they control the internal temperature of the body.
Basically, they are located on the palms, on the forehead and soles. It is this group of sweat glands that leads to the fact that you begin to sweat your arms when you are agitated. When there is an activation of their activity, on the surface of the skin we can observe a transparent liquid that does not have a characteristic odor. It quickly evaporates in the air, thereby cooling the body from the inside and maintaining the optimal temperature in it.
In the area of the armpits and genitals there are apocrine glands. They also produce a colorless liquid, but only a more dense consistency. It has no odor and leaves the inside of the body through the hair follicles.
But how then does a smell appear in this area? Everything is very simple. It is formed not by the sweat glands themselves, but by the bacteria that are on the skin at this moment and promote the decomposition of this liquid itself. This leads to an unpleasant smell.
Apocrycine are located next to the apocrine glands. Their peculiarity is that they can produce sweat in very large quantities. What function these glands perform, scientists have not yet fully established. But they managed to identify the relationship between the work of apoecrine glands and a disease such as axillary hyperhidrosis.
The work of all types of sweat glands directly depends on the state of the central nervous system. Next to them are nerve tissue. When it is excited, the work of the sweat glands is activated and we begin to sweat.
And palms begin to sweat as a result of getting sweat glands from the sympathetic nervous system, which is activated as a result of the flow of information from the head of the brain of the hypothalamus, that it's time to work.
Causes of sweating
When a person experiences stress( no matter what, whether it's excitement or fear), in the body I will fight the work of the sympathetic system. This also leads to the fact that the eccrine glands begin to actively develop sweat.
It is worth noting that sweating, which occurs as a result of an increased body temperature and its emotional state, is interrelated. However, there is a difference between them.
Sweating, arising on the background of emotional excitability, does not depend on the temperature regime of the body. With stress you experience excitement, but to overcome it, you absolutely do not need to cool your body. As a result, sweat appears on the palms and soles.
Such a complex mechanism of sweat glands work greatly helped people who previously extracted their food by hunting animals. Sweat on the palms helped them reduce friction about the weapon, thereby reducing the likelihood of injuries of various kinds. Therefore, we can say that sweating of the palms just helped our ancestors.
And besides, through the sweat glands our body gets rid of toxins, the accumulation of which can lead to strong intoxication of internal organs. So if you notice that you periodically sweat palms, remember, this means only one thing - your body works properly.
The cause of development of hyperhidrosis
To determine the cause of the development of this disease is very difficult, because the human nervous system is complicated. Therefore, scientists came to the conclusion that it is better to invent means that give temporary results, rather than trying to find a "needle in a haystack."
Most often, the development of hyperhidrosis is associated with a violation of the functionality of the vegetative system. And they can be provoked by a variety of factors. For example:
- pathology of acute and chronic nature;
- frequent nerve strains;
- hormonal disorders caused by puberty and menopause;
- incorrect location of certain groups of neurons.
Development of all these conditions is due to frequent stresses, poor ecology, malnutrition, bad habits.
In addition, increased sweating can be observed with the accumulation of carbonic acid in the blood and the intake of certain medications. And it will be good if you can still establish the cause of this disease. After all, to get rid of it, you need to eliminate not the symptoms themselves, but the reason that led to their appearance.
How to get rid of sweating of hands? Sweating of the palms is treated today in a variety of ways. And for this medication is often used.
The most common of these are solutions of external use such as aluminum hexachloride and glutaraldehyde. You can also use solutions containing tannin and formalin, which are known for their toxicity and can quickly get rid of sweating, but, unfortunately, only for a short time.
Use these tools is very careful, because they can lead to the destruction of the upper layers of the epidermis, and also cause itching, burning and other symptoms of an allergic reaction.
According to doctors, at the moment there is not yet a single drug that could once and for all save a person from sweating of hands. And this is completely justified, since in order to eliminate the consequence, it is first necessary to get rid of the underlying cause. And to define it, unfortunately, is not possible.
If the hands are sweating heavily, the doctor may prescribe antidepressants and anticholinergics, which have a blocking effect on the nerve endings, as a result of which the ailment disappears. Do not forget that all these drugs have side effects. And you will be very lucky if in your case only drowsiness or dryness in the mouth will appear.
Botox application in the treatment of excessive sweating
Botox is not only a remedy for wrinkles. It is often used by dermatologists to block sweat glands. If you enter this drug in the palm of your hands, then they will stop sweating until it acts.
The effect of Botox can last up to six months, and its cost is only several thousand rubles. But do not forget that any intervention in the human body can lead to various complications. At least with the introduction of Botox, this is observed in 5% of cases.
Using the drill unit
Another modern way to get rid of excessive sweating. The procedure is carried out with the help of a special device, into which a special solution is poured and the hands are immersed in it. The effect is achieved due to the effect on the body of electric current.
As a result of this, charged ions weaken the work of sweat glands and the separation of sweat ceases.
Operative method for treating excessive sweating
Yes, yes. This way of getting rid of the sweating of the palms also exists. It is called sympathoctomy. It is done on the region of the chest, where the nerve endings, which activate the work of the sebaceous glands.
During the operation, removal of elements of the sympathetic nervous system, which belongs to the vegetative system, is performed. Naturally, there are many consequences of such interference, and it is up to you to resort to such a cardinal method.
How to get rid of sweating palms folk remedies?
If you have an excessive sweating of the palms, then you can get rid of this ailment and with the help of traditional medicine.
In this case, hand baths with the addition of sea salt are good. In this case, take them in such a way that your hands are exposed to direct sunlight. Therefore, it is better to do it in the summer on the street.
Baths with lemon juice are also considered effective. They are prepared as follows - 1 liter of warm water should be added 1 tablespoon.lemon juice. You can put your hands in this solution and hold them in it for about 10 minutes, or you can simply moisten the towel in it and rub their palms. After passing this procedure, hands should be treated with camphor alcohol.
It is worth noting that instead of lemon juice, you can also use infusions from oak bark, birch buds or sage leaves.
From the increased sweating of hands help contrasting trays. Prepare two containers. In one, pour hot water into another cold one. Then drop your hands first into one bath, then into the other, holding them in each for 1-2 minutes.
If your skin is not too sensitive, then you can try rinsing yourself with salt water. In one glass of hot water you need to dissolve 1 tablespoon.table salt, and then this solution rinse your hands 2 times a day. After the procedure, do not wipe your hands with a towel. They must dry naturally.
In addition, at home you can use cream and ointments, which you will need to prepare yourself. To make an ointment, you need to mix 1 tbsp.lemon juice and medical alcohol with 2 tbsp.glycerin. The resulting mixture should be thoroughly mixed and used every time after washing hands.
You can also prepare a cream that will not only save you from excessive sweating, but also have a beneficial effect on your skin. To prepare it, you will need to make an infusion of any herbs in advance.
Take 2 tbsp.herbal infusion and mix it with the pork fat bent in a meat grinder( enough will be 50 grams).Also you need 2 tsp.castor oil and 1 tbsp.of natural honey.
Mix all these ingredients thoroughly, fold them into a clean container that is tightly closed with a lid and place it in the refrigerator. After the cream has acquired the desired consistency, use it every night before going to bed.
It should be noted that the use of folk remedies for excessive sweating is slow, and therefore expect a miracle after the first application is not worth it. They should be used regularly for 4-6 weeks. The first results you can evaluate after a week of using creams or ointments.
Increased sweating of the hands is not a pathology, but it can indicate various abnormalities in the body, in particular, the vegetative system. Therefore, do not leave this symptom without attention.
Despite the fact that it is very difficult to identify the cause of sweating of the palms, it is still worth the examination and make sure that you do not have pathologies. If they do show up, start their treatment immediately. And soon you will notice that the allocation of sweat on the palms ceased.