19Feb

Rosacea. Symptoms, causes and treatment

What is rosacea

Rosacea-Symptoms-Causes-Emergence-and-Treatment Rosacea ( Rosacea) is a chronic disease manifested in the form of redness of the face. With Rosacea blush cheeks, nose, chin, rarely Rosacea appears on the neck. Rosacea on the upper back and chest is rare. Symptoms of rosacea may be similar to demodex ( demodecosis) or couperose. Redness of the face with the appearance of papules and pustules of pink color, is often mistaken for acne rash .Before starting treatment, it is very important to pass tests of to exclude these diseases. Redness( hyperemia) on the face can suddenly appear and just disappear. Rosacea is also called - rosacea acne .

Symptoms of rosacea

The main symptoms of rosacea are:

  • redness;
  • appearance of vascular asterisks;
  • red pimples.

As the disease progresses, the network of pimples and asterisks becomes branched.

Rosacea does not in any way threaten the physical life of the people suffering from it. However, their mental health is in real danger, because rosacea, skin pigmentation and vascular sprouts are a huge cosmetic problem. And if you take into account the fact that rosacea suffer mainly middle-aged women, then you can understand how much rosacea affects the whole life of people affected by it.

The causes of rosacea

The causes of rosacea can become:

  • diseases of the digestive system;
  • endocrinological diseases;
  • psycho-emotional overstrain;
  • menopause changes;
  • reception of contraceptives.

Rosacea - red face - it happens both in men and in women. There is rosacea or rosacea in adults after 30 years. Redness on the face is noted more in women than in men in the form of temporary, and then permanent hyperemia( redness) of the skin.

The appearance of redness often occurs on the seborrheic background, in the form of persistent redness. The saturation of redness changes. Over time, small bright red papules and pustules appear. The course of rosacea can occur with frequent exacerbations or go into regression. The last and most dangerous stage of rosacea is bumpy hypertrophy of the skin of the nose of the rhinophyma .
From ordinary acne rosacea differs by the age of patients( over 25 years), localization only on the face, the presence of erythema and telangiectasia, the absence of comedones and scars. Red lupus is also different from rosacea, because reddening of the skin has clear boundaries and there are no pustules. Rosacea does not apply to infectious diseases and occurs more often in blonde people as well as in people who are more prone to emotional stress.

Treatment of rosacea

First of all, the treatment of rosacea is associated with avoiding situations that can exacerbate the course of the disease. The factors that trigger the worsening of the disease include everything that leads to the expansion of the skin vessels:

  • hot water procedures;
  • alcohol intake;
  • excessively hot and spicy food;
  • ultraviolet radiation;
  • stress.

It is important to note that alcohol has its negative effect on the skin of people suffering from rosacea, both when used and as a stimulant, and when used in a variety of cosmetic preparations. That's why patients rosacea categorically not recommended to use creams and lotions, which include alcohol and acetone.

Also do not use cosmetic products, including some other components, the effect of which on the skin leads to the expansion of its vessels. Such prohibited components include:

  • hormonal supplements;
  • honey;
  • bodyguard, etc.

In addition to avoiding the factors that trigger the exacerbation of the disease, rosacea patients should pay attention to the general condition of the body. After all, as already mentioned above, the development of rosacea is often associated with internal pathologies, for example, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

To prevent the development of inflammation due to acne, patients with rosacea, phytotherapy is recommended. Phytopreparations for the treatment of rosacea are curative decoctions based on such medicinal herbs as chamomile, horsetail, linden, sage.
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