If you love to smile, you must certainly take care of the appearance and health of your teeth. Torture can spoil the impression. But external manifestations are only a part of the consequences, and some other, more serious ones are possible. And how to get rid of this problem?
- What is it?
- Is it dangerous?
- Reasons for
- Symptoms of
- What should I do?
What is it?
We all eat food. And very few people after eating brush their teeth every time. In the mouth there are many different bacteria that can accumulate on the surface of the teeth, forming a plaque. It looks like yellowish spots, usually located on the inside of the teeth. There is such a scurf of bacteria and products of their vital activity, food debris and some elements of the environment. Getting rid of plaque is quite possible, and it must be done regularly, otherwise tartar will appear, which is much harder to remove. Such a film is a kind of separately existing system, protected from the influence of the environment.
In fact, tartar is a hardened plaque. It consists of all the same bacteria, the smallest remnants of food, iron salts or calcium( it is due to such components that the hardening of the stone occurs).Most often all this is postponed on molars, sometimes on incisors( in most cases in the bottom row).The mass is tight against the surface of the teeth, so it's almost impossible to get rid of it and remove it yourself.
Externally, the stone looks like dark spots. The color of these spots can vary from yellow to brown and even green, it depends on food, which is predominantly consumed by man. And among people who smoke, the color of the stone approaches black.
There are two types of stone: supragingival and subgingival. The first is formed from the components of saliva and food residues, it is deposited on the surface of the teeth. The second species is formed due to the activity of the gingival fluid and blood plasma. The composition thus accumulates in the periodontal pockets, that is, under the gums.
Is it dangerous?
Is tartar dangerous? For life there, but here's for the health of the teeth very, very. First, caries can develop, which provokes destruction of the enamel and a violation of the integrity of the teeth. Secondly, the gingiva will certainly suffer. They will bleed, thin out. Third, nerve endings can be denuded, which is extremely unpleasant and painful. Fourthly, if the gingival pockets grow, then eventually it can lead to tooth loss. And, finally, fifthly, inflammation of the oral cavity and teeth can spread to other organs, which is quite dangerous. So in time to get rid of this problem is important not only for appearance, but for your own health.
The causes of the formation of tartar can be very diverse:
- Non-compliance with the rules of oral hygiene( eg, irregular tooth cleaning).
- Use of improperly selected hygiene products: too soft toothbrush, poor-quality paste.
- Disorders of metabolic processes in the body.
- Consuming more soft food( solid particles are able to remove some of the remaining food, soft, on the contrary, stick to the surface and stay there).
- Unbalanced food( consumption of sweet in large quantities).
- Chewing food mainly on one side of the jaw.
- Changes in the structure of the tooth surface( if they are rough, the plaque will accumulate).
- Incorrect bite also contributes to the accumulation and hardening of sediments.
To reveal tartar is easy and simple. Just look at the surface of your teeth. Did you see yellowish spots? Most likely, this is a stone. If the spots are too light, then you can conduct some experiment. Wet a cotton swab in a small amount of iodine, then rinse your mouth. As a rule, the presence of a stone after such manipulations becomes more pronounced.
What should I do?
It should be noted right away that it is impossible to get rid of such a problem at home without the risk of dental health. So do not try to look for miracle cures and wash the enamel. The best and most optimal way is to go to a dental clinic. The specialist will assess the condition of the teeth, choose the best method and do everything qualitatively and painlessly.
The entire removal process consists of several stages:
- Direct removal of stone using special tools or tools.
- Grinding of the tooth surface.
- Polishing of enamel.
Dental stone can be removed in several ways. Let's enumerate them:
- The mechanical method is rarely used today, as it can lead to damage to the tooth enamel, it is quite traumatic and even painful. The essence of it is to remove the plaque with the help of special tools and physical strength of the dentist. Such instruments can include various hooks, spatulas and so on. But today they resort to slightly different manipulations: under pressure, a curative composition is produced, which simultaneously flushes part of the stone and gradually dissolves it along with all the components of the plaque. Such actions have almost no contraindications and are painless.
- Today, most clinics use ultrasound devices. Ultrasound of a certain frequency affects only the deposits and destroys them without affecting the enamel. But ultrasound exposure is contraindicated for people suffering from cardiovascular diseases and wearing a pacemaker( it can simply fail because of ultrasonic waves).But this method is painless and effective.
- Chemical exposure implies the use of special rather aggressive solutions( eg, alkalis or acids).This method is effective and is used in cases when other methods are contraindicated( due to the brittleness of the teeth or increased plaque density).But the only disadvantage of chemical removal is the possibility of damage and thinning of enamel under the influence of the components of the compounds.
- Laser removal is a relatively new method, so it is used so far only in some clinics. Laser removal is effective and does not have a negative effect on enamel, but it is worth a lot of this service.
A specific method should be determined by the doctor after examination and assessment of the condition of the teeth. It is important to immediately identify all possible contraindications to avoid undesirable consequences.
But getting rid of this problem is half the battle, it's important to keep the results. So after the procedures, you should not abuse coloring products, as well as tea and coffee. It is better to give up smoking. Pay special attention to oral hygiene.
To prevent calculus formation, observe simple preventive measures:
- Regularly brush your teeth. Do this twice a day and carefully( on all sides and in between the teeth), and after each meal, use a special rinse aid with antibacterial components. Language also needs cleaning, know about it!
- Visit your doctor regularly, monitor your teeth.
- Buy quality toothpastes and brushes. Use dental floss.
- Chew the food thoroughly, use all the teeth for this.
- Do not eat sweets in large quantities.
- Control your metabolism.
- Once a year, go through the procedure of professional cleaning( regardless of complaints).
Let the tartar not bother you! Health to your teeth!