Every fall and spring, viruses interfere with the enjoyment of changes in nature. They are able to put adults and children in bed. This time is usually called the "cold season".Epidemics of influenza and acute respiratory viral infections are, unfortunately, not uncommon in countries in the post-Soviet space.
There are several reasons for the development of epidemics that every person should know about. In 90% of cases, the disease can be avoided or minimized its negative impact on health.
Unfortunately, post-Soviet countries still use "grandmother's" methods of treatment, which the World Health Organization has banned.
On what preventive measures should be applied, as soon as spring or autumn begins, everyone should know. People should be more careful about their health. For example, you can apply the Alphabet during the cold season. This drug contains vitamins and other beneficial substances.
- 1 Causes of colds
- 2 Symptoms of
- 3 Treatment of
Causes of colds
It should be noted that the symptoms of colds depend primarily on the virus that caused it. In children and adults, ARVI can be accompanied by the same manifestations. In children, symptoms can manifest with greater intensity. Children often develop complications, because the children's body is not as adaptable to fighting the common cold as an adult.
Sometimes the anatomical structure of the larynx, nasopharynx, contributes to an increased likelihood of complications. One of them is a false groove, which is the closing of the walls of the larynx.
Catarrhal disease is not a medical concept, which is very common in society. It means acute respiratory viral infections( ARVI) and influenza. Such diseases are always provoked in children and adults by one of many viruses.
It is worth noting that colds can overtake a person at any time of the year and in any weather. But the peak incidence is observed in the off-season. There are several reasons for this.
First, spring is the time of year when immunity decreases. This is facilitated by nutrition, not rich in vegetables and fruits. As a result, hypovitaminosis and iron deficiency anemia develop. As a result of the fact that vitamins do not come in sufficient amounts in the body, immune reactions slow down, body cells lack oxygen. The processes of vital activity of the organism in adults and children deteriorate.
To avoid hypovitaminosis, children and adults can take special vitamin complexes. Among them - the Alphabet - during the season of colds it is an excellent prevention.
Secondly, it negatively affects the health and deficit of sun rays, which improve the metabolic processes. Thanks to ultraviolet, vitamin D is synthesized. In the spring, cold weather prevails in many northern regions. In more southern regions, the temperature outside the window is several degrees higher. But at any time it can go down.
Unstable weather is one of the factors contributing to the development of respiratory diseases. Very often people dress not for the season, which contributes to hypothermia, which reduces immunity.
Another reason for the rapid spread of influenza, ARVI is the failure of children and adults to follow simple rules of prevention. Many sick people do not wear bandages that reduce the chance of infection of healthy people by contact. Ill children continue to go to school and kindergarten, spreading the virus.
Unfortunately, many employees of offices and enterprises are faced with the inability to issue a sick leave without negative consequences. They are afraid that the management can show discontent, deprive of premiums and extra charges to wages. Labor laws are often violated.
Another serious reason for the frequent development of the flu epidemic is the reluctance of people to get vaccinated. Scientists annually determine which type of influenza virus will be dangerous to the public. Vaccines are produced, the use of which will most likely save from the flu. Inoculations are shown to adults and children. In European countries and the United States, this practice is very common.
Unfortunately, in the post-Soviet space the overwhelming majority of people refuse to vaccinate, despite the fact that preventing the flu will benefit and protect the body of adults and children from dangerous complications - inflammation of the lungs, bronchitis, deterioration of hearing, disruption of the heart. Prevention in the form of vaccinations is more profitable from a financial point of view, rather than treatment.
There are many symptoms of respiratory diseases that occur in children and adults.
ARVI has such manifestations:
- elevated temperature;
- nasal congestion;
- sore throat;
Every 10 to 40 years in the world, a strong epidemic of influenza is rampant. Once in 5 to 7 years, the virus can cause severe complications. The only truly effective defense against this disease is vaccination, which can be done both for adults and children. Many people are afraid of the flu virus. It is worth noting that it differs little from ARVI.The virus of influenza is infected more people, because it is more aggressive.
Every person should know the symptoms of the flu in order to take appropriate measures in a timely manner:
- high temperature( 38 - 40 degrees);
- muscle pain;
- increased photosensitivity;
- runny nose;
- sore throat;
- chest cough;
- problems with sleeping;
- increased fatigue;
- loss of appetite.
It should be noted that the most common mistake in treating influenza and ARVI in children and adults is taking antibiotics. Many therapists and pediatricians prescribe antibiotics that are designed to treat bacterial, rather than viral infections. Such drugs are only the prevention of complications.
In 95% of cases, the cold is treated without antibiotics in children and adults.
Vitamins in the cold season are also not a guarantee that the disease will pass quickly and without complications. All vitamins should be taken before the epidemic begins.
If the common cold is without complications, then do not take any medications. The only exception can be vitamins, despite their low efficiency. Such drugs, unlike antibiotics, vasoconstrictor drops in the nose, do not harm the body. If desired, and for their own calming, you can take in the off-season Alphabet.
The main treatment for influenza and ARVI in children and adults should be aimed at creating favorable conditions for recovery. A plentiful drink( tea, compote from dried fruits) will allow you to quickly remove harmful substances from the body, formed as a result of the disease.
In the patient's room there should be a temperature of 18 degrees and humidity of 50 - 60%.The room should be constantly ventilated. This will ensure that the mucosa will not dry up, that is, there will be local immunity. As a result of optimal conditions, the body will cope with the disease for 3 to 5 days.
The alphabet in the cold season is a popular tool that people take to prevent influenza and ARVI.The drug in its composition contains the necessary vitamins. It should be noted that taking such pills is not very effective for treating colds in children and adults. The most important thing in treatment and prevention is to create favorable conditions that will provide local immunity.