A couple of years ago, a disease like arthritis was an exclusively age-related pathology. However, today the presence of this disease in a 30-year-old man or woman is not at all news. Often it is found among children.
Arthritis can affect almost any joint. However, one of the most common localizations is considered to be the knee. It is about knee arthritis that will be discussed in this article.
Treatment of knee arthritis is a time-consuming and time-consuming process. And to understand the essence of ongoing therapy, it is necessary to understand what the disease is.
Arthritis is an inflammatory process that affects all joint tissues( synovial membrane, articular cartilage, subchondral bone section) or at least some of them. Perhaps a chronic and acute course. However, in any case, this ailment is accompanied by inflammatory processes, discomfort, stiffness of movements and, of course, pain.
The following types of arthritis of the knee joint are distinguished:
- Reactive arthritis - the cause of this form of the disease, as a rule, becomes an infectious disease that affects the urinary or digestive system;
- Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common form of knee arthritis. The reasons can be very different: genetic predisposition, hormonal disorders, smoking, infectious agents, endogenous and nonspecific factors( trauma, hypothermia, abortion surgery, etc.);
- Osteoarthrosis ( or arthrosis-arthritis) is an inflammatory-degenerative lesion of all periarticular tissues( capsules, serous bags, tendons).The main reasons for the development of this form are: trauma, inflammation and dysplasia).
Some symptoms clearly indicate the presence of the aforementioned disease in humans. And if there is a question about whether to treat arthritis of the knee joint and whether it is of this patient, doctors often pay attention to the presence of precisely these symptoms:
- Inflammatory type of pain, i.e.it is quite intense and has a permanent character( night and day, at movement and at rest), the maximum pain point reaches at the beginning of the movement;
- Morning stiffness in the knee joints( more than 1 hour), which is observed after a long rest without changing the position;
- When moving, patients mark soreness in the entire limb, and not in a particular area;
- Local signs of inflammation( smoothness of the contours of the joint, uniform swelling, hyperthermia);
- Pain differs;
- Presence of effusion in the knee joint area( determined solely by the physician);
- Reduced volume of active and passive movements in the knee joint;
- In chronic course, uneven joint swelling or deformity can occur;
- Frequent dislocations and subluxations;
- General condition worsening, fever, increased fatigue.
How to treat knee arthritis?
Modern medicine offers quite a lot of effective ways to combat this pathology. Immediately I want to note that the earlier treatment is begun, the more chances a person has for ever to forget about this pathology. It is extremely important to consult a doctor in a timely manner and undergo all necessary examinations( OAK, OAM, BHA, X-ray, etc.).This approach will allow the doctor to choose the most correct way to recover the patient. After all, each person is individual and many people have enough other sores besides arthritis, which can be extremely bad for responding to the wrong treatment.
As mentioned earlier, the treatment of knee arthritis is a fairly long process. This is due to the fact that the most effective is complex treatment, which includes both invasive methods and non-invasive ones. The first is a surgical intervention, during which a prosthesis of the knee joint can be installed or corrected. The method is quite effective, especially in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis of the knee joint.
However, the surgical solution of the problem does not give any guarantees that the disease will not manifest itself again. That is why it is combined with the use of non-invasive treatments, which include:
1. Lifestyle change
- Weight reduction;
- The choice of "safe" sports;
- Avoid running and jumping;
- Cycling, swimming;
- Reduces the burden on knee joints in everyday life;
- Diet( decrease in acidity of food, consumption of vegetables and fruits, stewed and boiled dishes).
2. Complex of therapeutic and rehabilitation exercises
Such exercises are aimed at improving the motor functions of the joints and their flexibility, and they also help to strengthen the muscles of the legs.
3. Medical treatment
This is an integral part of complex treatment, which is aimed at maximum elimination of pain in a person, as well as maintaining and optimizing the functional state of his knee joints. To achieve these goals, the following are currently used:
- Vitamin Complexes;
- Some folk remedies( for example, compresses from brewer's yeast or aloe juice).
4. Adaptive devices
This term should be understood as any device aimed at creating comfortable conditions for a person and for unloading his knee joints. The most common are: orthopedic shoes, cane, knee pads and tires.
Based on all of the above, we can conclude that the treatment of arthritis of the knee joint at home is simply impossible. In order to save your health, you should seek help from a specialist. Only in this case it is possible to count on a successful outcome of the fight against this ailment.
We also recommend that you read about the polyarthritis of the feet and its treatment.