To ease the patient's condition with osteochondrosis is impossible by any one method. Treatment of this pathological condition should be comprehensive and include massage, therapeutic gymnastics, physiotherapy procedures. But all these techniques will not bring the expected result unless they are combined with the use of pharmacological drugs.
Methods of application
Medical therapy copes with all the tasks assigned to combat osteochondrosis:
All medicinal forms are used during medication. Carry out with osteochondrosis treatment with tablets, solutions for injection, means for external use. Different medicines are also taken in different ways. Here are the main ways of using medicines in the treatment of osteochondrosis:
- Injections( subcutaneous, intramuscular, intravenous drip infusion)
- Compresses and rubbing
Tablets and capsules
Ingestion pills for osteochondrosis are basically painkillers( analgesics) and non-steroidalanti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs).Sometimes to relieve pain in osteochondrosis, 1 -2 tablets of old-good analgin can be enough. There are funds and more potent - ketorolac, renalgan, dexalgin. Less than an hour after receiving these funds, the pain will decrease or disappear completely.
One problem - anesthesia practically does not affect the course of the pathological process. Although it eliminates the pathological muscle tension, increases motor activity, normalizes sleep and raises the patient's emotional state. Anesthesia by eliminating inflammatory processes is achieved by taking NSAIDs in tablets. This group of drugs includes the well-known to everyone acetylsalicylic acid( aspirin), butadione, indomethacin, ibuprofen. These drugs with internal use have a powerful analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. The trouble is that these funds are categorically contraindicated in gastritis, stomach ulcer, bronchial asthma.
Means for the restoration of cartilaginous tissue( chondroprotectors) are also taken internally. True, not in tablets, but in capsules. Restore affected cartilage of intervertebral discs will help chondroxide( chondroitin sulfate).To enhance the effect it is used in combination with another chondroprotector - glucosamine. To achieve the desired result, these funds should be taken a course for a long time - for several months.
In tablets and capsules are taken funds that exert a strengthening effect on the body. These are vitamin complexes containing vitamins A, C, B group. Increase immunity can be taken by tablet immunomodulators, which include pentoxyl, methylurale, potassium orotate, levamisole.
Means for external use
In the treatment of osteochondrosis, many topical products are used: ointments, gels, creams. The effect is not less, and in some cases even more than that of tablets and capsules. The same NSAIDs and chondroprotectors are taken in combination - in tablets and in ointment form. In the local application of these drugs in the projection of the pathological focus, the active substance is absorbed into the skin and enters directly into the affected tissue. This is the reason for the effectiveness of the use of these medicines.
Gels for external treatments include steroid hormones-prednisolone, hydrocortisone, diprospan. They anesthetize and relieve inflammation better than NSAIDs. Very effective combined gels - Dolobien gel, Finalgel. They, along with anesthesia and removal of inflammation improve local capillary circulation, improve metabolism in muscles, cartilage and bones. Among some patients there is a misconception that external drugs are deprived of those contraindications and side effects that their analogs are in tablets and capsules. This is not true. The substance exerts its curative and pathological effect regardless of the way it enters the body.
This statement is fully applicable to injecting drugs. All the above groups of medications can be administered intramuscularly. Means that improve blood microcirculation( pentoxifylline, trental) is recommended to be administered intravenously drip, previously dissolving them in a vial of physiological saline.
And local anesthetic agents are injected only with injections. Local anesthesia with osteochondrosis is achieved with the help of so-called paravertebral blockades. In this case, a local anesthetic( usually a solution of novocaine or lidocaine) is administered first subcutaneously, and then intramuscularly at the site of the sensitive roots of the spinal nerves. The injected substance penetrates directly into the nerve fiber, so that anesthesia is achieved. The disadvantages of this method include the high risk of shock in the case of individual intolerance to local anesthetics of patients. Also, the doctor must ensure that the administered substance does not enter the blood vessel, this can lead to a sharp drop in blood pressure.
Medical treatment of osteochondrosis must necessarily be carried out in a medical institution, and necessarily a doctor. This is an axiom. From the patient's side there should be no independent activity. Otherwise, the medicines used can bring not the expected good, but evil.
You can also read about the use of chondroprotectors and folk methods of treating osteochondrosis.