Underwater spinal traction is a relatively new technique for the treatment and prevention of diseases of the spine, which has recently gained increasing popularity, due to its simplicity and high efficiency.
The success of water traction( traction) lies in the fact that under the influence of warm water and a small load on the spine there is complete relaxation of the muscles, the distance between adjacent vertebrae increases, blood circulation and trophic processes in the intervertebral discs improve.
Spinal traction can be dry, which is carried out under the influence of the body weight of the person lying on the inclined plane, and underwater when the extract is in the water. The second method is more gentle and safe, in addition, combines the positive effect of warm ordinary or mineral water. Let us consider in more detail how the underwater extension of the spine occurs and what it is capable of.
Extension of the spine is prescribed only by the physician
What is the essence of the
method? The most common stretching of the spine in water is used to treat or prevent intervertebral hernia. This defect is formed due to the development of degenerative-dystrophic changes inside the cartilaginous tissue of the discs. A major contribution to their development is provided by the critical tension of the connective tissue fibers of the capsule of the disc, which develops as a result of the increased pressure of adjacent vertebrae on the disc.
In the development of the latter phenomenon, the main role is given to a sharp reduction in the intervertebral and deep muscles of the back. This mechanism develops as a protective reaction to increased mobility and instability of vertebrae in osteochondrosis. Muscles, contracting, pull together and stabilize the damaged segment of the spinal column, but at the same time exert too much pressure on the disc, the capsule of which does not stand and develop hernia protrusion with all the consequences.
It is proved that it is impossible to eliminate this functional muscle block without applying special methods of mechanical action on the back muscles. This is not possible for medicines. But with this task, the underwater stretching of the spine is doing very well.
When stretching, the distance between the vertebrae increases and the pressure on the damaged intervertebral disc
decreases During traction, deep vertebral ligaments and muscles are stretched. This creates a negative pressure and promotes decompression of the disc. In addition, warm water is very conducive to the process of relaxation of muscle fibers, so the extraction takes place without much effort and in "safe mode".
During traction, the distance between the vertebrae increases, the compression of the nerve roots and vessels is eliminated, their swelling and, correspondingly, the symptoms of the pathology( pain, neurologic manifestations) decrease. Also, during the stretching process, the ability of the intervertebral disc to retain water is increased, which helps to restore its normal height.
It is important to know about one more mechanism of curative action of tractions of the spine. When the adjacent vertebrae are stretched in the region of the intervertebral disc, a vacuum effect is created, which, according to the laws of physics, facilitates the retraction of the hernial protrusion into the disk. This helps to reduce the size of the intervertebral hernia after the course of stretching.
Indications and contraindications to the procedure
The water extract of the spine is shown in such cases:
- an intervertebral hernia of any part of the spine( best therapy gives in hernia protrusion, localized in the lumbar region);
- lumbar and lumbago;
- scoliosis and other deformities of the spine;
- radiculitis and other radicular syndromes;
- osteochondrosis and spondylarthrosis;
- deforming spondylosis;
- initial stages of ankylosing spondylitis.
Contraindications to underwater spinal traction:
- exacerbation of the pathology of the vertebral column with acute pain syndrome;
- cauda equina syndrome;
- development of hernia sequestration( separation of its part);
- marked spinal instability;
- compression of the spinal cord and violation of its blood supply;
- spine injury;
- individual intolerance of the procedure;
- spinal surgery in history;
- age is more than 60 years;
- obesity( weight more than 100 kg);
- tumor lesions of the spine;
- tuberculosis of bones;
- is the last stage of cardiac and pulmonary insufficiency;
- susceptibility to increased bleeding;
- some dermatological diseases;
- is an acute infectious process in the body.
Thus, a procedure such as underwater spinal traction can be used only on the advice of a doctor and after a thorough examination and additional examination methods. Otherwise, traction can further damage your health.
Underwater Extension Types
There are 2 main ways of water traction of the spine:
- is vertical,
- is horizontal.
Vertical traction of the spine
It is carried out in special pools 2-2.5 m deep. In this case, the patient, attached to a special rack by straps, is immersed in the neck along the neck. In some cases, an additional cargo can be attached to the legs. This method is called "according to Moll".
Vertical traction of the spine
Horizontal underwater traction
There are several options for this drawing: according to Lisunov, according to Oliferenko, according to Kiselev. Such tractions are carried out in shallow basins or baths on a special shield, which is placed in a container with water at a certain angle( the greater the angle, the higher the load).At the same time, the head is fastened with straps to the head end of the shield, and the legs remain free.
Extraction can also occur in ordinary fresh water or in a special mineral water. As a rule, the second variant of traction is offered by specialized sanatoriums. For example, additional therapeutic effect is provided by radon, chloride-sodium, turpentine, hydrosulphuric baths.
It is worth mentioning about the traction mode. There are two of them:
- Continuous, when during the whole session the traction force is exerted on the spine.
- Variable, when the stretching is regularly replaced by relaxation according to a given program.
The second option is considered more efficient.
Procedure for horizontal water stretching
stretches. The temperature of the pool water reaches 32-35 ° С.At the beginning of the session, the patient simply must stay in the water for 5-7 minutes to relax and relax the muscles. Then it is fixed on a shield or hemmed on a special frame. The first 2-3 procedures take place without the use of additional cargo, the exhaustion occurs due to the mass of its own body. The session time is 5-6 minutes.
With good portability with each subsequent procedure, the load is increased by 1-2 kg, and the time spent in the pool is 1 minute. The maximum load in women is brought to 8-10 kilograms, and for men - up to 15-18, the time of the session - up to 10-12 minutes. When these indicators are reached in the middle of the treatment course, the load and time are reduced in the reverse order.
For a full course of treatment, 10-12 sessions are required at intervals of one day.
After stretching, the patient should stay in the water for 5-6 minutes. Further, a smooth ascent from the pool is carried out for four minutes to a horizontal level.
For a positive result it is necessary to undergo a full course of water traction
. A person should lie on a hard surface for 1 hour, after which it is possible to switch to a vertical position. Without fail, the spine is fixed with an elastic belt or corset.
The price for a course of underwater traction depends on the equipment that is used, and the clinic where the procedure is performed. On average, it varies between 1300 and 2500 rubles.
Marina, 24: "I regularly undergo a course of underwater horizontal traction of the spine for 4 years. I had no special testimony to this procedure, no less than contraindications. I just wanted to improve my posture. I pass traction once a year for 10 sessions every other day. In my city the equipment is only in one polyclinic, so a long queue. After the session, I always "grow" by 1-2 cm and feel like a ballerina. In addition, this is a very pleasant procedure, although from the side it looks like a medieval torture. I recommend to all".
Antonina, 37 years old: "I tried this method of treatment in a sanatorium. The diagnosis at me - an intervertebral hernia at a level 3-4 lumbar vertebra. Constantly suffer from back pain. The hood was made horizontal, but lightened, on the recommendation of the treating doctor, that is, without additional cargo. In addition, the water was mineral( sanatorium with radon baths).After each session, it seems that I do not go, but steam above the ground. By the way, it's insanely nice and it does not hurt a bit. I recommend this kind of treatment to everyone, if possible. My back after the sanatorium did not bother me for almost 2 years. "
- What is the essence of the
- method? Indications and contraindications to the procedure
- Underwater stretch varieties
- How the stretch passes
- Patient feedback