Joints in the human body carry daily physical activity when walking, standing, tilting, climbing stairs. Under the influence of a systematic load, they gradually wear out, they age. Before all, the cartilage tissue undergoes changes. So arthrosis occurs.
What you need to know
What is this disease, and how to treat arthrosis? Arthrosis of the joints is a chronic degenerative-dystrophic disease characterized by changes in various joint structures, primarily cartilage. The cartilaginous tissue gradually loses its elasticity, and microcracks appear on the surface. Their number gradually increases, and the sizes increase. The cartilage looks pitted. The edges of the joints become uneven.
Arthrosis of the joint destroyed cartilage and bone tissue
After destruction of the cartilage, bones and soft tissues are involved in the pathological process. The joint is deformed due to changes in the length of muscles and ligaments, bone growths are formed - osteophytes. They irritate soft tissue, causing nonspecific inflammation. The aching joint begins to crack, losing its former mobility. There are pains during movement. The disease does not spare large and small joints:
- interphalangeal, etc.
The risk of getting sick is primarily people whose lifestyle is associated with joint stresses. This category includes:
- loaders, miners, builders;
- people who are obese;
- with hereditary predisposition;
- suffered joint fractures;
- with impaired posture;
- with joint developmental defects;
- having a history of rheumatoid, hormonal and metabolic diseases.
The list of potential patients includes a large number of people. But they can stay healthy for a long time if they start treating the disease at an early stage.
Active life pushes away the aging of the joints
Every patient is interested in the natural question, is it possible to cure arthrosis? The disease is not a sentence of lifelong suffering. For people of young age, not burdened by other serious diseases, such as diabetes, the prognosis is favorable. The disease can be reversed. The task of the elderly is to maintain the elasticity and integrity of the cartilage, the mobility of the joints as long as possible. The aging process can be postponed for years due to:
- a healthy active lifestyle;
- adequate physical activity;
- reduce excess weight;
- correct balanced nutrition;
- systematic monitoring of their own health.
Prevention of arthrosis needs to be done constantly, regardless of mood or desire, and tangible results will necessarily appear. Otherwise, the quality of life will decrease significantly with time.
For the treatment of arthrosis, two methods are used: conservative( without surgical intervention) and surgical. There is also arthroscopy - a low-traumatic method for treating deforming arthrosis of large joints with the help of an arthroscope device. Operations are more often performed on the knee and clavicle-abdominal joints. Two small incisions are made. One for the introduction of an arthroscope, the second for a tool.
Arthroscopy minimally traumatizes a diseased joint and tissue
As for arthroscopy, medical experts differ. Some doctors consider the operation ineffective and even useless. Others, on the contrary, recommend surgery as the only way to treat late-stage arthrosis.
Having been ill for the first time, the patient usually asks himself who is treating arthrosis from practicing doctors, and who to contact. With the disease at different stages are associated surgeons, orthopedists, traumatologists, rheumatologists. The primary link in this chain are therapists.
Treatment is preceded by a mandatory examination of the patient with the clarification of all the symptoms, the circumstances of the disease. The most important task of the attending physician is correct diagnosis, and further treatment depends to a large extent on it. Usually conducted:
- joint radiography in several projections;
- Ultrasound diagnosis on modern apparatus of expert class;
- MRI study;
- standard clinical analyzes.
The goal of conservative treatment at the initial stage is the return of lost joint mobility due to:
- elimination of pain syndrome;
- elimination of edema of tissues;
- restoration of blood circulation of the joint;
- cartilage restoration.
What are the treatment of joints with arthrosis? Conservative therapy includes a full range of therapeutic measures: medicinal treatment, physiotherapy, sanatorium-resort, physiotherapy, treatment with folk remedies.
When the disease has gone far enough or is in the acute stage, the primary goal of the treatment is the coping of severe pain. For this purpose, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs) are commonly used:
- aspirin, etc.
Intra-articular injections - a quick way to manage acute joint pain
Nonsteroidal drugs have a number of side effects. First of all, negatively affect the mucosa of the stomach and intestines. Preparations of the last generation are deprived of such a defect, they are characterized by a minimal damaging effect. These include:
New drugs are less toxic, but also have side effects in the form of fluid retention in the body, tachycardia, allergies, drowsiness, headache, gastrointestinal disorders. Despite the shortcomings, new generation drugs are less dangerous, they can be used for long-term treatment of joint arthrosis. The most effective in osteoarthritis are the pyrazolone series, such as ketazone, antipyrine, tandenedil, feprosan. All NSAIDs, regardless of type, have the following actions:
Celecoxib is a new generation of NSAIDs with minimal side effects.
Drugs are available in the form of capsules, ointments, gels, tablets, suppositories, injectable solutions. Of the other medicines used for the treatment of arthrosis are drugs:
- improving blood microcirculation in the joints - nicotinic acid, ATP, trental, nikoshpan, prodektin, heparin;
- improving the supply of oxygen to the tissues of the joint - vitamins "B"( pyridoxine, thiamine, cyanocolamine);
- acting on metabolism in cartilage of the joint - rumalon, arteparone, mukartrin, chloroquine;
- desensitizing agents, reducing the reactivity of the body - tavegil, dimedrol, suprastin, pipolfen;
- synthetic adrenal hormones - hydrocortisone, dexamezaton, prednisolone.
Hormones( glucocorticosteroids) are used in conjunction with analgesics for intraarticular injections. In this case, they act directly on the pathological focus, quickly relieve pain, inflammation.
With pains, a person unconsciously begins to spare a sick joint, reduce physical activity. This only aggravates the existing situation. Muscles gradually atrophy, ligaments weak. Therefore, after relief of pain, maximum after 5 days, it is necessary to train the joint not only in the hospital, but also at home.
Load and amplitude of movements increase gradually. The patient should realize that without motor activity recovery is impossible. Short-term training does not give a tangible result.
Sanatoriums and resorts
The impact of such therapeutic factors as dirt, radon baths, massage, physiotherapy, exercise therapy contribute to the fastest rehabilitation of the patient. They are shown only outside of an exacerbation.
There is no special therapeutic diet for arthrosis. The daily diet is determined by physical loads, labor intensity, the presence of excess weight, concomitant diseases. But with arthrosis, doctors advise eating foods rich in calcium. These include milk and all dairy products, vegetables, fruits.
Homemade cold is a source of collagen for joints
Cold is useful. When cooking cartilage, pork, beef legs, ears, collagen turns into broth and favorably affects the joints. When gelatin is split, many useful substances are formed that affect various vital functions of the sick organism.
Popular ways of
The famous medieval thinker and healer Avicenna said that the doctor has only three weapons: a word, a plant and a knife. The word really cures, but can kill. Under the knife to go to bed is never too late, and the plants have always treated the people.
In Russia, recipes of folk medicine were used in the old days, they are still used today. It is believed that using the following recipe, you can drive out the salt, completely clean the joints. The course of treatment takes 10 kg of black radish. Vegetables are cleaned, squeezed juice in any accessible way - under the press, juicer. Pour into a glass jar, put in the refrigerator. Take strictly 30 g( two tablespoons) three times a day, regardless of the diet. Radish is contraindicated in gout.
Radish black - the best tool for cleaning joints and the whole body
With arthrosis, this composition will help:
- 1 liter of burdock juice.
- 1 liter of liquid honey.
- 1 liter of vodka, moonshine or diluted alcohol.
The fluids must be mixed.
The composition is well preserved in a conventional refrigerator, shaken before use. Drinking in the morning on an empty stomach on a tablespoon, always washed down with water. If the norm is exceeded, the liver may suffer. The rate is a three-liter bank. Treatment with plants is not short, you need to be patient and will adjust to recovery.
Doctors try to cure arthrosis by their methods, patients prefer to use folk remedies. A combination of modern technologies and centuries-old knowledge of the people help to cope with the disease.
- What you need to know
- Eternal issue
- Comprehensive treatment
- Non-drug treatment