- How are protrusions formed?
- The main methods of treatment
- Alternative therapies
- Surgical treatment
Protrusion of the intervertebral disc is a violation of its normal position, in which the disc seems to protrude beyond the vertebral column. Treatment of protrusion can prevent further development of hernia, so do not make yourself diagnosed and treated at home. Among people over 30 years, every second patient has this pathology. With timely treatment, the disease can be cured by conservative methods.
How are protrusions formed?
Intervertebral disks consist of two basic elements - a semi-liquid pulpous core and a surrounding fibrous ring formed by a dense tissue. Constant increased loads, metabolic disorders and various diseases of the spine( scoliosis, osteochondrosis) adversely affect the condition of the intervertebral discs. Their elasticity and thickness decrease.
In addition, negative changes affect the structure of the fibrous ring. Its internal fibers undergo destruction. The pelvic nucleus passes into a solid state due to loss of moisture. Gradually, the core of the disc begins to shift into cracks that form in the fibrous ring, because of this, the disc moves and protrudes into the spinal canal. As a result, a disc protrusion occurs.
The basic methods of treatment
To get rid of protrusion it is possible only at the complex approach. Treatment of protrusions should include medical support, special medical exercises, physiotherapy, etc. Only with a comprehensive approach can prevent the formation of a hernia from protrusion and alleviate the condition of the patient. In most cases, conservative methods of treating protrusions can cope with the disease and there is no need to resort to surgery.
First of all, symptomatic treatment is prescribed. Relieving pain can quickly return the patient to a normal lifestyle, and although this disease does not fight with the disease, it is an integral part of complex therapy. To relieve pain, muscle relaxants are prescribed - drugs that relieve muscle spasm.
Effectively fight inflammation and painful sensations of NSAIDs, so they are also prescribed quite often, but they can cause numerous side effects. Frequently prescribed NSAIDs include: Nyz, Movalis, Ketonal. Various medicinal forms of medicinal preparations can be prescribed: gels, ointments, injections, tablets. To avoid the negative effects of medications on the body or minimize it, it is desirable to use combination drugs that have analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects.
Part of the complex drug therapy is the administration of multivitamins. The most commonly prescribed are: Neuromultivitis, Milgamma, Piridoxine
Restoration of the cartilaginous tissue is provided by chondroprotectors - glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate. The doctors prescribe various drugs and active supplements with the content of these substances. To achieve the desired effect, the course of protrusion treatment with chondroprotective agents should be long. But it should be borne in mind that such therapy can have certain side effects.
One of the effective physiotherapy with protrusions is electrophoresis. It is carried out using drugs that improve blood circulation and metabolism in the tissues of the affected area. Due to this, fibrous ring tissues recover faster, as they receive more intensive nutrition.
Massage is also often prescribed, it is very important that a qualified masseur perform it, since incorrect actions can only exacerbate the condition. To increase the efficiency, heaters are used.
Therapeutic exercise with protrusions
Therapeutic gymnastics is one of the most important methods that provide treatment for protrusions. The complex of exercises, which the doctor makes, is individual for each patient, allows to strengthen the muscular corset supporting the spine in the correct position. As a result, the protrusion does not grow into an intervertebral hernia, as the pressure on the disc decreases.
Do it regularly. The first training must necessarily take place under the supervision of a doctor who will correct the patient's actions if he does the exercises incorrectly. Gradually, the exercise load should increase, only in this case it is possible to provide the necessary effect from training.
Alternative therapies can also help cope with the disease.
One of the most common and effective - reflexotherapy( or acupuncture)
Similar procedures help to relieve pain, because they relax the spasms, stimulate blood circulation, activate nerve impulses in the transmitted roots. As a result of the course of treatment, the metabolism is normalized.
In addition, for treatment can be applied such techniques:
- stone therapy;
- vacuum therapy;
- manual therapy.
Each of the alternative treatments has a specific effect. When leeches are treated, the enzyme hirudin is injected into the bloodstream when the leech is sucked to the body. Due to the action of the enzyme, the edema of the diseased area is reduced in the body, painful sensations decrease, blood circulation and circulation of lymph in the body also improves.
The effect of acupuncture is that the needles act on the biologically active points of the body. This triggers the processes of tissue repair, tissue nutrition improves, the walls of the vessels strengthen.
Manual therapy is a mechanical effect on the muscles of the back and joints of the spine. The manual therapist by his actions can restore the mobility of the spine and remove the muscle spasm in the back of the patient.
Vacuum therapy promotes warming up and relaxation of muscles. One of the methods of vacuum therapy is a can of massage. This helps relieve pain.
Cure the protrusion completely by folk remedies is unlikely to succeed, but the use of certain plant components for the preparation of traditional medicine is quite possible.
A good auxiliary effect is given by herbs that have the same restoring effect as chondroprotectors, one of the most useful plants in this case is the liveboy, or comfrey medicinal
Ointments, tinctures for grinding or internal reception based on it, cooked according to the recipes of folk medicine, contribute to the restoration of intervertebral disc tissues.
Surgical treatment of
If protrusions were formed in the cervical spine, the operation is often prescribed. For some patients this is the only way to treat and prevent negative consequences for the brain. The operation consists in excising the bulging part of the intervertebral disc.
In other cases, surgery for protrusions is not prescribed. Surgical treatment is used even if the protrusion has developed into a hernia.
Preventing back problems is much easier than treating them, especially since prevention does not require excessive efforts. It is better to monitor your health so that you do not have to understand how to treat the protrusion in a conservative and popular way.