- Essence of
- spine traction technique Dry traction
- Underwater traction
- Patient feedback on
therapy There is a technique of dry and underwater spinal traction, in which the procedure is performed in a vertical or horizontal position. The effect of traction can be carried out on the entire vertebral column or locally in the pathology site. Regardless of the tracic method, a single result is achieved - restoring the anatomically correct form of the spine and fixing the effect achieved.
The essence of the
spine tract method Age changes or the effects of adverse factors such as metabolic disorders, back injuries, excessive physical activity, sedentary lifestyle, malnutrition, hereditary diseases cause pathological changes in the vertebrae and intervertebral discs. Pulpoid nucleus in the center of the disc loses water, becomes less elastic, which leads to a violation of its integrity - develops osteochondrosis. As a result, the height of the cartilaginous layer between the vertebrae decreases, the depot function of the intervertebral discs decreases, there are pains in the back during movement and at rest.
Progression of the disease leads to a displacement of the pulpous core, stretching the fibrous ring around the cartilaginous tissue, which is usually called protrusion. At the pressure of the overlying vertebrae on the area of pathology during movement, a rupture of the fibrous ring and the outflow of the nucleus away from the site of its anatomically correct position can occur-the formation of an intervertebral hernia. With the displacement of the vertebrae, the tone of the back muscles is increased for the alignment of the spinal column. This worsens the metabolism and slows the blood flow in the place of pathology, strengthens the pain syndrome.
Degrees of intervertebral disc changes
Degenerative-inflammatory processes of intervertebral discs contribute to the infringement of the spinal roots. This causes a violation of the sensitivity and motor capacity of the limbs, worsens the functioning of the innervated organs. In addition, in the chronic process, bony growths - osteophytes appear, which join together and form complete immobility of the affected vertebral column.
To eliminate the above disorders use spinal traction. The course of therapy leads to straightening of the spine and achieving a normal spacing between the vertebrae.
The technique relieves compressed intervertebral discs, thereby preventing the development of protrusions, hernias and infringement of the spinal roots. Thanks to the procedure, the metabolism and circulation in the pathology area are normalized, the pain sensations in the back are eliminated, the work of the internal organs is improved. A sick person after treatment returns to everyday motor activity.
Dry traction of the spine is performed on the traction table under the patient's own weight or after using additional traction with the help of cargoes. Modern medicine uses machines for stretching the spine, equipped with an electronic system. Due to this, it is possible to calculate the optimal effect on the axial skeleton, taking into account the age, sex, weight of the patient and the severity of the course of the disease. An individual approach improves the effectiveness of the therapy and reduces the risk of complications.
An example of an electronic installation for stretching the spine is the Ormed device manufactured domestically. It is a horizontal couch, equipped with belts, blocks, rings for attachment to the trunk and extremities. Parameters of spinal column stretching are entered through the liquid crystal control panel, strictly dosed and individual for each patient. According to the indications, additional functions of the device are used in the form of impact on the body of vibration and heat.
Simulator Ormed for dry method of spinal column traction
Dry spinal entrapment is performed by static or pulsed loading on a pathologically altered area. Treatment promotes decompression of intervertebral discs and nerve roots, eliminates spasm of back muscles and pain sensations, restores the physiological mobility of the spinal column. To consolidate the achieved effect, the patient should wear a corset during and after the course of therapy for 2-3 months. In addition, appoint massage sessions and therapeutic exercises.
Tables can be placed both vertically and horizontally - the method of choosing the procedure is chosen by the attending physician. Horizontal stretching of the spine at home can be done with daily hanging on the bar. It is always necessary to consult with a specialist. The procedure is most effective in medical rehabilitation institutions under the constant supervision of a doctor. This affects the effectiveness of therapy and the consolidation of a positive result for many years.
The course of treatment is usually prescribed for 12-18 sessions of stretching the spine for 15-20 minutes. After the procedure, the patient should remain in the horizontal position for half an hour, and then put on the fixing corset. During rehabilitation, it is recommended to abstain from stress and heavy physical exertion. Correctly conducted treatment session should not cause discomfort and pain intensification.
The cervical spine is stretched mainly by the dry method
Indications for the appointment of the procedure:
- spine injury;
- osteochondrosis with radicular syndrome, sciatica, lumbalgia;
- prophylaxis of the formation and progression of protrusions, intervertebral hernias;
- curvature of the spine( scoliosis, lordosis, kyphosis);
- deforming spondylosis, the initial form of Bechterew's disease.
Contraindications to therapy:
- spinal cord blood flow disorder and inflammatory spinal diseases( epiduritis, arachnoiditis);
- acute stage of the disease;
- severe cardiovascular pathology;
- stone formation in internal organs;
- is an active infectious process;
- vertebral instability;
- sequestered hernia, especially in the ponytail area;
- condition after surgery; laminectomy;
- old age( over 59 years);
- obesity( body weight over 100 kg).
With the appointment of spinal column stretching, it is necessary to strictly take into account indications and contraindications, which will prevent the progression of the pathological process and the development of complications. To decide on the application of the technique, a physician of appropriate qualification can after the patient has taken a radiograph or tomography, studied the history of the disease and the individual characteristics of the patient's body.
Spine stretching in water refers to a gentle method of traction therapy. It combines the extension of the spinal column and the effect of fresh or mineral water heated to body temperature. The procedure is carried out in swimming pools or baths, in which a shield or simulator is placed to stretch the spine. Thanks to the action of warm water, the muscles of the back relax, which makes it possible to apply less traction to achieve a positive result.
Underwater vertical method of traction under its own weight
Radon, chloride, hydrogen sulfide procedures are the most popular as mineral baths. Different chemical composition of water has a specific effect on the body. Radon baths are prescribed for severe pain syndrome and minor static disorders of the axial skeleton, chloride - with venous stasis in internal organs and peripheral vessels, hydrogen sulfide - with vegetative disorders, blood circulation pathology, significant spasticity of the muscular back skeleton.
The procedure is carried out in a vertical manner under the weight of the patient, or in addition, weights are used. For horizontal extension of the spine, traction machines are used in the form of tables or shields. Indications, contraindications, duration of the procedure and the rules of behavior of the treatment session field correspond to dry stretching of the spine. It should be borne in mind that treatment in warm mineral water is not prescribed for skin diseases, cardiopulmonary insufficiency, propensity to bleeding, hypertension, tuberculosis and neoplastic lesions of the spine.
Extension of the spine with osteochondrosis is performed in the case of complicated forms of the disease, such as infringement of the spinal roots, the appearance of protrusion, compression of intervertebral discs with intense pain syndrome. The technique is effective in the curvature of the spine and serious impairment of motor activity. Extraction of the spine with a hernia underwater is prescribed for the treatment of formations up to 60 mm, which do not form a sequestration - areas of the pulpous nucleus completely ligated from the intervertebral disc.
Patients' comments about therapy
Maria Nikolaevna, 49 years old .For more than 15 years I suffer from osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine. In recent years, began to worry radiculitis, exacerbations were every six months, the medications brought only temporary relief. The doctor advised underwater traction and exercises for stretching the spine under the supervision of the instructor LFK.The course of treatment took about 3 months, now I feel good.
Horizontal method of underwater extension of the spinal column
Michael, 32 years old .After a car accident, a protrusion appeared in the neck, often a headache, nausea, and numb hands. The attending physician recommended the extension of the cervical spine. After treatment the state of health improved, returned to regular sports and full-time life.
Evgeny Alekseevich, 52 years old .After a severe professional back injury, the curvature of the spine was formed, the sciatic nerve was injured, which caused severe pain and numbness in the leg, moving with difficulty. A field of long, but unsuccessful treatment, was prescribed extension of the vertebrae in the lumbar region. In addition, he did exercises for stretching the spine in the group for physiotherapy exercises. Six months later I felt like a new person, the exacerbation of the disease was not more than 5 years.
Extension of the spine is an effective method of treatment of the pathology of the musculoskeletal system. With the proper appointment and procedure, you can achieve persistent positive results and prevent the development of severe complications.