19Feb

Deforming arthrosis of joints: treatment, causes, symptoms and varieties

deforming arthrosis

Deforming arthrosis - the most common joint disease, causing disruption in the functioning of the musculoskeletal system. It arises as a result of destruction and thinning of the articular cartilage tissue and its premature aging. It affects mostly older people, but due to excessive workload, possibly of a professional nature, the wear of the joint may occur at a fairly young age.

Reasons for

The main causes of deforming arthrosis:

  • congenital defects in the structure of connective tissue of the joints;
  • wrong way of life;
  • joint injury;
  • inflammatory processes in joints of different origin;
  • age-related changes in joint tissues;
  • osteoporosis( decreased bone density);
  • metabolic disturbances;
  • disorders in the endocrine system.

Species

Osteoarthritis can affect almost all the joints of the human skeleton. But most often there is a deforming arthrosis of the knee joint and ankle joint of the foot. Often deforming arthrosis affects the elbow joint and spine. Disturbances in the joints contribute to the occurrence of problems with the musculoskeletal system. Therefore, when the first symptoms are detected, it is necessary to pass the diagnosis of the disease and begin treatment of deforming arthrosis.

Symptoms of

The main symptoms of deforming arthrosis:

  1. joint pain;
  2. change in the shape of the joints.
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In the early stages of the disease, minor pain and swelling in the joint area are observed, especially after various loads. And in the last stages the pain syndrome is greatly increased, the pain arises even in rest, there is limited movement.

The root of the disease is the destruction and deformation of the articular cartilage. When there is a disturbance of metabolic processes in the capsule of the joint, its integrity is violated. As a result, the capsule loses synovial fluid, which ensures smooth movements of parts of the joint. There is friction of the cartilaginous tissues, on the cartilage ulcers, ruptures, cracks are formed. Cartilaginous tissue is thinned enough to cause bone friction, which leads to deformation of bone tissue, and osteoarthrosis.

Treatment

Deforming arthrosis and degree of its neglect is diagnosed by the results of an X-ray, ultrasound and thermographic examination, blood and synovial fluid analysis, and in some cases MRI.When confirming the diagnosis, you should immediately contact a rheumatologist and begin treatment. A good specialist will tell you how to treat deforming joint arthrosis correctly and effectively.

Complex treatment of deforming arthrosis

  • Proper nutrition and full sleep;
  • Regular walks in the fresh air. Small physical exertion in the form of a complex of therapeutic exercises. Try not to stay long in one position;
  • Physiotherapy and massage;
  • Drug therapy;
  • Surgical treatment of deforming osteoarthritis.

Treatment with traditional medicine methods

Treatment of deforming arthrosis with folk remedies is aimed at reducing pain in the joints. Excellent heating and distraction means - trituration with a mixture of horseradish and mustard. It is useful to visit the baths and take hot baths. After these procedures, a compress from the roots of burdock can be applied to the area of ​​the affected joint. Already for compress use aloe leaves, which crush, squeeze the juice and mix with honey and vodka;and flowers of lilac, St. John's wort and sweet clover with butter.