Our feet work almost every day, and some literally spend the whole day on them. And such large loads do not pass without a trace, they can provoke some disabilities of the limbs. A special role is played by our feet providing support. And many are not hearsayed such a problem as cones on their feet. And because of what they appear? And whether it is possible to treat them?
- What is it?
- Reasons for the appearance of cones
- Manifestations of
- How to identify the problem: correct diagnosis
- What should I do?
What is it?
Cones on the legs - this is a very, very common problem. In medicine, this condition is referred to as valgus deformity of the thumb of the foot. Most of the protrusions are formed in the fair sex, which is more due to the fact that in men the muscular apparatus is stronger and better developed( but there are a number of other aggravating circumstances).
The foot has a rather complex structure. It consists of 25 bones, all of which can be conditionally divided into 3 parts: metatarsus, tarsus and phalanges. Between each other, the bones are joined by a set of ligaments that form vaults. If the arches are flattened, then they are talking about flatfoot. With this condition, the foot can no longer fully perform its basic functions, because of which a large load falls on the bones. They, in turn, can move( between the first and second phalanx there are no ligaments).Cones on the legs - this is part of the bony bones of the thumb.
It should be noted that most often valgus deformation is a consequence of other pathologies and problems. Often it develops because of transverse flatfoot. Other conditions can also provoke the development: hammer-shaped fingers, calluses or corns, ingrown nails and so on.
There are three stages of valgus curvature:
- In the first stage, the deviation of the big toe from the metatarsal bone( it joins the finger phalanx) is approximately 10-15 degrees.
- In the second stage, this deviation is 15-20 degrees.
- The third stage is the most serious and almost irreversible. The deviation is 30 degrees, sometimes more. Stage of cones on legs.
Causes of the appearance of cones
So, why can bumps appear on the legs? There are many reasons for the development of this condition. Let's list some of them:
- Flat-footedness. Such a disease in the absence of measures in most cases leads to valgus curvature of the thumb.
- Wearing uncomfortable shoes. That is why women suffer more often from this pathology. Only they can wear shoes with an excessively narrow nose and too high heels. The fact is that lifting( especially significant) of the foot leads to the fact that the load on the front part of it is growing. The ligaments are weakened, the finger begins to deviate.
- Large loads also lead to this distortion. Such a state often develops in people whose occupations are closely related to a constant or prolonged stay on their feet( sellers, conductors, couriers).
- Excess body weight is a negative influence factor, provoking a significant increase in the load on the feet.
- To lead to such a curvature may be the conditions under which the excretion of calcium from the body or lack of digestion. This often occurs in women during gestation or during breastfeeding, as well as with menopause. Hormonal disorders are also a negative factor of influence.
- Equally important is the hereditary factor.
- Lead to the formation of cones can be such an ailment as gout. With this disease, the salts are not removed, but are deposited in the joints, leading to their inflammation and impaired mobility.
- The cause of the appearance of convex sites may be arthritis or arthrosis. Joints will become inflamed and increase in size. But in this case, bumps will appear not only on the legs, but on the fingers.
- Osteoarthritis, which causes degenerative changes in the tissues of cartilage, can also provoke the appearance of cones.
Let's list some possible symptoms with which this condition can be accompanied:
- A bulge appears on the side of the thumb( just below it).In the initial stages it is small and hardly noticeable, but it is already felt, especially when wearing and selecting shoes. Then the cone increases in size and begins to bulge strongly.
- As the cones grow, pain develops. They intensify after loads on the feet and are quite strong. In diseases of the joints( arthritis, gout) pain can occur in a state of rest( for example, at night) or after a long absence of stress on the feet( sutra or after rest).
- The thumb can be displaced to the neighbor, practically to find on it. In severe cases, the neighboring fingers are deformed. The big one goes under them, and they rise, curl and settle over the big one.
- With joint diseases, inflammation develops, which can be noticeably externally. So, for example, with gout, the compaction area is strongly swollen, increases in size, reddens, becomes hot touch and extremely painful on palpation.
How to identify the problem: the correct diagnosis of
To properly and effectively treat cones on the legs, you need to find out what exactly they have come about. Help in this diagnosis.
Here are some methods that can be used:
- X-ray examination will be conducted without fail. The picture will show curvatures and foci of inflammation.
- Computer planography is a method that allows you to take a snapshot of a foot( it is located on a special platform) and to identify deviations in its position.
- An experienced specialist will be able to assess the condition with the help of an inspection, especially using special measuring instruments.
What should I do?
Is it possible to treat lumps on legs? If this is not done, then the stop simply will not be able to work normally.
Various methods are used to solve this problem:
- Inflammations use non-steroidal or steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The first are more harmless, the latter are hormonal and are used only in especially severe cases, when other drugs have no effect. These drugs can be used both topically( in the form of creams and ointments), and in the form of preparations of general effect for ingestion. Sometimes injections are shown in the joint or cartilage cavity.
- If there is a flattening of the arch of the foot, and it is the cause of the curvature, then in this case special exercises will help to strengthen the ligaments and muscles. They should be prescribed by an orthopedic physician, they are selected individually.
- Massage also helps to improve blood circulation and strengthen the muscular apparatus. Self-medication is dangerous, so it's better to seek help from a professional masseur.
- It is extremely important to wear the right shoes. It is advisable to choose or make to order orthopedic insoles. Give up tight shoes with heels, whose height is more than 4-5 centimeters( but a completely flat sole is also contraindicated, it will not ensure the correct position of the foot).
- Special tools may also be used. These can be gaskets that need to be placed between the finger and the shoes or between the fingers. Special cuffs are also used( often they are made of rubber).They tightly cover the front of the foot and are equipped with a roller, which is located under the middle metatarsal bone and provides their protection.
- The methods of physiotherapy are often used: phonophoresis, electrophoresis and others.
- In severe cases, surgical intervention is indicated. There are many methods of operation, but they all suggest only a few ways to fix the problem. Operations can be performed on bones( excrescences are removed) or on soft tissues. In the latter case, the ligaments can be pruned, strengthened and connected. Combined methods are also used.
- The folk remedies are also used. For example, salt baths and lotions are effective. And to remove cones on your feet, you can use compresses made of grated potatoes.
Let your feet be healthy!
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