Cervical polyps - causes, symptoms and ways of treatment

Cervical polyps

Polyps of the cervix

Polyps are wart-like protrusions on the cervix and its mucosa, they are one of the most "popular" diseases in our time. Cervical polyps have the property of being formed in endocervix, its upper or middle part, in the region of the external throat. Growing on the mucous membrane of the body and cervix, polyps often protrude into its cavity. As a benign process, this inflammation proceeds chronically against the backdrop of a rapidly growing endocervix.

Table of contents:

  1. Cervical polyps
  2. Causes of development of polyps
  3. How does a woman understand what is happening?
  4. Cases of cervical polyps
  5. Cryodestruction, scraping, laser coagulation and other scary words
  6. Removing the polyp in the uterus
  7. Facts that need to be remembered for a woman

Cervical polyps

Polyps in their structure and education are distinguished:

  • Types of cervical polyps

    Types of cervical polyps


  • glandular;
  • fibrous;
  • glandular fibrous;
  • adenomatous( atypical).

Depending on the type of polyp, their sizes differ, some growths can reach several centimeters, most often only 2-3 mm in diameter. The shape is also diverse: flattened, round, in the form of a drop or a cock's comb. In its structure, cervical polyps can be on a thin stalk and on a wide, dense base. As multiple, overgrown, group, and single polyps have a color from light pink to purple, sometimes with a bluish tinge.

Causes of development of

Cervical polyp

Cervical polyp

As a rule, women aged 40-50 suffer from the formation of cervical polyps, but young girls are also susceptible to this disease. The main reason for the development of polyps - the hormonal failure of the body of a woman, also should not exclude chronic infections of the genital area. Mechanical trauma of the cervical tissues, inflammatory process, untreated erosion, untimely sewn up impulses in childbirth - all this contributes to the formation and development of polyps.

The doctor-gynecologist can recognize and diagnose polyps of the cervix with a simple examination by mirrors, cervicoscopy, colposcopy, histological examination of the mucosa.

How does a woman understand what is happening?

The problem is that the cervical polyps do not usually show themselves. They are identified by a gynecologist with a preventive examination. However, some signs of concomitant polyps diseases, such as abnormal ovaries, fibroids, endocervicitis, erosion, endometriosis, other inflammatory processes, can be made a separate list.

Among them:

  1. Abdominal pain as a symptom of the uterine wall polyps

    Abdominal pain as a symptom of the uterine wall polyps

    Prolonged menstruation with abundant secretions.

  2. Painful sensations during intercourse.
  3. Allocations in the middle of the cycle, not related to monthly, so-called "daub".
  4. Bloody discharge from the vagina during or after sex.
  5. Problems with conception.
  6. Drawing pain in the lower back or lower abdomen.
  7. Uterine bleeding.

Threats to cervical polyps

Polyps are just a consequence of the more serious diseases listed above. They play the role of background, and, as a rule, are asymptomatic. This is their danger to women's health. In time without removing the polyps of the cervix, you run the risk of becoming cancer patients.

There are also a number of other problems related to polyps.

  1. Infertility, as a consequence of cervical polyps

    Infertility, as a consequence of cervical polyps

    Bleeding, which sometimes leads to anemia.

  2. Infringement of the cervical polyp, in such cases, immediate surgical intervention is recommended.
  3. Infertility.
  4. Impaired hormone release and, as a consequence, hormonal imbalance.
  5. Spontaneous abortions during pregnancy at any time.
  6. The probability of overgrowth of cervical polyps in a malignant tumor and the development of cervical cancer.

Cryodestruction, scraping, laserocoagulation and other scary words

Operative treatment - necessary. There are several ways to remove polyps, the choice of one of them depends on the general condition of the body, the type of disease that caused the development of polyps, the age of the woman, the results obtained by histological examination of tissues. It is also taken into account whether a pregnant woman is currently pregnant or not and whether she plans to have children in the future.

In any case, treatment is not as terrible as the words with which it is characterized.

  1. Removal of the polyp in the uterus

    Removal of the polyp in the uterus

    Polypeptomy. The method consists in unscrewing cervical polyps. Large polyps, up to 3 cm in diameter, are untwisted, and the leg is cauterized with an electric current. If the base of the polyp stalk is at the edge of the external pharynx, then it is excised and a catgut suture is applied to the wound surface. After this, it is required to scrape off all the mucus membranes of the cervical canal. If the polyp is located high, it is removed sighting and controlled removal under the hysteroscope. Since polyps often develop against the background of a growing endometrium, it requires scraping of the mucous membrane of the uterus body and the cervical canal for the purpose of further diagnosis. If there is a violation of the function of the ovaries, then the appropriate hormonal treatment is carried out.

  2. Small polyps are affected by low temperatures - this is a cryodestruction method. One of the most effective methods of removing polyps in modern medicine. The procedure is usually carried out on the 8-10th day of the menstrual cycle. The polyp, which is located on the cervix, is treated with liquid nitrogen, cooled to a very low temperature. After this procedure, the mucous membrane of the cervix is ​​restored within two to three months. The healing process depends on the size of the leg of the polyp to be removed.
  3. Laser coagulation or application of laser beams when removing polyps. In the process of its carrying out there is no bruising, there are no scars and scars. To conduct such a procedure is better at the beginning of the cycle, on the fifth-seventh day.
  4. Excision by radio waves. When treating polyps with radio waves, the epithelium of the cervix is ​​not severely injured, which speeds up healing. Recovery will take from six to eight weeks.
  5. Treatment of the polyp with the drug "Solkagin".After applying this drug to the polyp, a lesion is formed on the affected area, it will peel off after a few days. So repeat until the polyp is removed. For the reproductive system of women, this drug is absolutely harmless.
  6. Diathermoekstsiya - electric knife method. The procedure is absolutely painless, so the patient during the operation is under local anesthesia. The minus of this method is scars and scars that remain on the cervix, which lead to rashes in these places during childbirth. Complete healing and restoration of epithelial tissues is possible in 2-3 months.

Removal of the polyp in the uterus

In addition to the polyps in the cervix, the uterine polyp or the endometrial polyp is also distinguished. This separate formation on the mucosa retains the structure of the endometrium and can reach several centimeters. Is benign. Like the polyps of the cervix, the endometrial polyp does not show itself until it is revealed by the doctor when examined. It is subject to mandatory removal and for this purpose there is a method of hysteroscopy.

Method of removal of the polyp in the uterus

Method of polyp removal in the uterus

Hysteroscopy is an endoscopic intervention during which a hysteroscope( a special instrument for examination and surgical intervention) is inserted into the uterus. The doctor conducts the examination in twentyfold increments, while the uterus cavity is filled with saline solution, the walls of the uterus, therefore, move away from each other. Such an examination allows the localization of the polyp to be determined as precisely as possible. At the end of the examination, if there are indications for an operative intervention, the doctor can perform the procedure for removing the polyp by the same hysteroscope. The ultrafine tool makes it possible to affect only the affected area of ​​the endometrium, without affecting or injuring once again healthy sections of cells. All manipulations are carried out after the introduction of intravenous anesthesia and the patient does not feel pain. The removed polyps of the endometrium must be sent for histological examination in order to determine its appearance and to predict the further course of events. A woman who has been removed from the endometrial polyp must be kept in a hospital under the supervision of a doctor for up to five days.

After the surgical procedure, the patient must follow several simple rules:

  • , you can not have sex until 1 month;
  • do not use tampons for personal hygiene. It is better to replace them with gaskets;
  • can not visit the sauna, sauna, take a bath;
  • exercise should be minimized;
  • continue anti-inflammatory therapy for 10 days;
  • a month after the operation, it is necessary to see the doctor.

Do not be surprised if, after removing the polyp, you will have bloody or mucous discharge from the vagina, minor pain in the lower abdomen. This does not require additional treatment and quickly passes. To relieve the pain, you can take an easy analgesic, for example, ibuprofen.

If the temperature rises, and the discharge is abundant and bright red - be sure to be examined by a doctor!

Facts about which a woman needs to remember

First. There are no specific actions aimed at preventing these formations. It is better to visit the gynecologist on a regular basis and tell him "I came for a routine examination" than after a long break to hear unpleasant news from the doctor. In time, cured inflammatory processes and regulation of hormonal failure will help reduce the likelihood of polyps.

Second. The tendency to relapse is about 7% of patients, and they need to be under regular medical supervision. Recurrent polyps tend to turn into malignant formation.

Third. Women older than 40-50 years of age during menopause should pay attention if they have spotting from the vagina. Regardless of their number, color or frequency, this is an alarming sign and an occasion to visit a doctor.

And last but not least. Do not be afraid to contact a gynecologist. Remember that modern medicine has all the necessary equipment for examination and treatment. All procedures are carried out painlessly during the sleep by experienced specialists.

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