19Feb

Chronic enteritis or small bowel disease

Chronic enteritis or small bowel disease

Chronic enteritis is a chronic disease of the small intestine, in which digestive and absorption functions are disrupted, the structure of the mucosa changes. With the long course of the disease, atrophy( thinning) of the small intestine mucosa develops.

enterit

As you know, the mucosa of the small intestine is covered with thin villi, which help to trap molecules of water, proteins, fats, electrolytes, carbohydrates, microelements, vitamins. With inflammation of the small intestine, its functions are disturbed, the osmolality of the small intestine increases, the intestinal transit is accelerated, and recurrent diarrhea occurs( repeated liquid stools).

The causes of this disease can be different: taking medications, helminthic infections, infections( salmonellosis, dysentery, viral infections), stomach and liver diseases, physical and chemical damage to the intestinal mucosa( ionizing radiation, alcohol, etc.).

Clinic

Chronic enteritis is characterized by intestinal and extraintestinal manifestations.

To extraintestinal manifestations include: weight loss( up to 20 kg), irritability, insomnia, decreased ability to work. There are changes in the skin, it becomes dry, sluggish, its elasticity is broken, it becomes thinner and begins to peel off. Nails thicken, hair becomes dry, brittle and begin to fall out. Because of the violation of absorption in the small intestine, there is hypokalemia( a lack of potassium in the blood), which leads to problems on the part of the heart: tachycardia, extrasystoles, and hypocalcemia( a decrease in calcium in the blood), which is manifested by cramps and muscle pains. Due to a lack of vitamins, avitaminosis develops, neuropathies, myopia, glossitis, hemorrhages on the skin, etc. occur.

Intestinal manifestations include pain around the navel, in the middle part of the abdomen, which occur a couple of hours after ingestion. The pain may be cramping, spasming, blunt. There is bloating, rumbling. The chair is frequent, liquid, yellow in color, abundant.

The curative program for exacerbation of the disease includes several activities:

  • Treatment regimen.
  • Health food.
  • Restoration of intestinal eubiosis.

treatment and nutrition

Application of medicines, medicinal plants, correction of the arising infringements.

The treatment regime includes: reducing physical exertion, avoiding psycho-emotional stressful situations.

Therapeutic diet includes chemical, mechanical and thermal shudder of the intestine.

With exacerbation of chronic enteritis and overt diarrhea, "hungry" days are needed. During the first two days, it is necessary to take about two liters of liquid in the form of hot tea with lemon and cracker, black currant juice diluted with boiled water, blueberry broth, broth of rose hips. After the "hungry" days they switch to bread crumbs, mucilage soups with the addition of cooked mashed meat, mashed porridges, boiled eggs( one or two per day), jelly, blueberries, bird cherries, ripe pears. From dairy products you can only freshly made curd, other dairy products are excluded from the diet. Snacks, alcohol, spices, spices, food and flavor additives are prohibited. Gradually, the diet expands.

In patients with chronic enteritis, in almost all cases there is an intestinal dysbiosis. Dysbacteriosis very often contributes to the development of pathological processes in the intestine, an increase in the number of pathogenic microflora, therefore, it is necessary to take eubiotics to form a useful microflora and suppress pathogenic. To this end, they take: bifidumbacterin, bifikol, lactobacterin, bactisuptil, linex.

Treatment with these drugs continues for a month or two. These drugs promote the healing of normal microflora, reduce dysbacteriosis.

Medicinal plants are used to treat chronic enteritis. They improve the work of the intestines, the digestive processes, promote the restoration of normal intestinal microflora, have a beneficial effect on the nervous system of the patient. These are: bilberry, dog rose, mint, oak bark, St. John's wort, cherry, chamomile, yarrow and many others.

  • Treatment of intestinal dysbiosis
  • Cramping pain in the stomach
  • Dull pain in the testicle