Modern medicine implies the concept of irritable bowel syndrome( IBS) a disease characterized by abnormalities in the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. This pathology is most often manifested in the form of soreness in the abdomen and defecation disorders. In this case, IBS symptoms can arise as a result of the influence on the intestines of a person's psychological and emotional state, or some other effects. Also on the development of IBS can affect different psycho-emotional disorders.
Table of contents:
- Reasons for development of IBS
- Main clinical symptoms
- Diagnosis diagnosis methods
- Forecasts of
specialists According to statistics, irritable bowel syndrome is one of the most common reasons for going to the doctor. This disease can occur regardless of the sex and age of the patient, but doctors note that more often IBS is detected in women. So, relatively to the disorder of the normal operation of the intestine for medical help, men come in order less often. It is worth noting that even with such a wide prevalence of the syndrome, more than 75% of the patients do not notice any problems and accordingly - do not consult with specialists in this regard.
Reasons for the development of
The modern achievements of medicine and science allowed doctors to identify the main causes of this violation. So, many experts agree that the development of IBS is caused in most cases by emotional and psychic reasons. In particular, it should include violations of the central nervous system( CNS) - for example, a stressful condition that has arisen under the influence of professional and social factors or various disorders and psychological illnesses.
Also, according to experts, to cause the development of this violation are capable of such reasons:
- sedentary lifestyle;
- genetic predisposition;
- regular stressful situations;
- poor dietary fiber;
- hormonal imbalance in the body;
- impairment of bowel motility;
- some medicines.
Main clinical symptoms of
Most often, patients with this pathology complain of pain, stool disorders and abdominal discomfort. Spasms in different parts of the intestine can occur rarely. In addition, they can constantly change the location. Very often, in this condition, a large amount of mucus is present in the stool.
In addition to the symptoms directly associated with the intestine, there are some extraintestinal signs of the disease in patients with this disorder. So, some of them are directly related to changes in the psychological status, disruptions in the work of the nervous system, and some - with the malfunctioning of the digestive tract. These include clinical signs such as:
- rapid fatigue and a constant sense of weakness;
- frequent urination;
- small and frequent fever;
- sleep disorders and decreased appetite;
- excessive sweating;
- frequent headaches;
- heart palpitations;
- attacks of "lack of air".
With this disruption of the normal operation of the intestine, often in patients there is a deficit of body weight. In this case, it is related to the peculiarities of the neuro-psychic status or reduced appetite, and not to the inability of the human body to assimilate nutrients.
It is noteworthy that eating disorders can occur in such a situation in the form of dryness and flaking of the skin, a change in the normal color of the skin, the appearance of pigment spots on the face, legs, and hands. To date, doctors have identified three main types of conditions such as IBS syndrome:
- with a predominance of soreness in the abdomen;
- with predominance of constipation;
- with prevalence of diarrhea.
Methods for diagnosing a violation
This disorder can be diagnosed by a specialist based on the patient's typical manifestations. Naturally, the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome in this case is to be placed only after the patient passes some additional studies confirming that he has no other gastrointestinal diseases.
For example, IBS can be diagnosed if the patient has a feeling of discomfort or abdominal pain for at least 12 weeks in the last year, characterized by such signs:
- , a decrease in the intensity of discomfort after bowel movement;
- the appearance of soreness and / or discomfort in the abdomen is associated with a change in the shape or frequency of the stool.
This disorder is only diagnosed if the patient has a connection between pain and discomfort in the abdomen with a stool. So, most often the pain occurs immediately before the process of defecation and subsides after the bowel has been emptied. In this case, the dependence of pain on changes in the consistency or regularity of the stool is observed.
In this case, the fact that the patient has other abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract can be evidenced by such signs:
- a sharp decrease in body weight;
- rectal hemorrhage;
- chronic diarrhea;
- hereditary predisposition to gastrointestinal diseases;
- occurrence of diarrhea and / or soreness at night;
- subfebrile body temperature.
Treatment of pathology: different methods of
In the opinion of modern specialists, in order to achieve the greatest effectiveness of treatment in this case, an integrated approach to therapy should be used.
Treatment of irritable bowel syndrome always includes certain nutritional restrictions. So, in this case, the patient shows a diet with the addition of wheat bran in the daily ration. If a particular patient's syndrome manifests itself as the predominant diarrhea, he is recommended to limit the intake of foods that contain a lot of fiber.
In addition to these restrictions, all patients in this condition should completely exclude from their diet products that contain caffeine, fructose, lactose, vinegar, pepper and alcohol. In addition, it is also necessary to abandon smoked foods, as well as food that can cause increased gas formation - milk and all fermented milk products.
Correction of mental and emotional disorders
In a complex of measures, the main goal of which is to achieve improvement of the nervous system and correction of vegetative disorders, in this case psychotropic substances and rational psychotherapeutic techniques are necessarily present. In this case, the most appropriate option for this type of treatment in this case will be an accurate diagnosis of psychological and emotional disorders and their complete elimination with the help of a psychoneurologist or psychotherapist.
In such a disease, most doctors prescribe antibacterial and bacterial remedies when, in addition to other symptoms, the patient has diarrhea, abdominal pain and bloating. Usually, drugs of this type are used for 7-14 days.
Depending on the severity and combination of the symptoms of the disease, the doctor may prescribe different antibacterial drugs. After the patient completes the course of taking antibacterial drugs, he is usually assigned various bacterial medicines aimed at restoring normal intestinal microflora. Depending on the combination of symptoms in a particular patient, a specialist can prescribe to him various means to minimize the unpleasant feelings associated with irritable bowel syndrome - imodium( with frequent and prolonged diarrhea), dicetel( with persistent and intense pain), and motilium( with frequentconstipation).More information about how to treat irritable bowel syndrome or get information about, for example, how to treat gonorrhea, can be consulted by a specialist of the appropriate profile.
Forecasts of specialists
In many respects, the predictions of doctors in this situation depend on how severe disorders from the nervous system led to such a state. After all, as medical practice shows, in such a situation the overcoming of various conflicts that provoked irritable bowel syndrome is of decisive importance for the patient's recovery. As for the patient's ability to work, in this case it is determined depending on the severity of psychological disorders.
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