In medical terminology, the disturbance of the normal balance between the beneficial and opportunistic pathogenic microflora of the intestine is called dysbiosis. Probably, such a violation in an explicit or hidden form at least once in a life arose for every person. Usually treatment of intestinal dysbacteriosis is necessary after infectious diseases, prolonged antibiotic treatment or exacerbation of gastrointestinal diseases - pancreatitis, cholecystitis, etc.
Treatment of dysbacteriosis: basic information
As a rule, dysbacteriosis occurs against the background of the underlying disease, which actually needs diagnostics andtreatment in the first place. Therefore, most often the treatment of intestinal dysbacteriosis is prescribed as an additional therapy for dysentery of peptic ulcer of the organs of the digestive tract and other pathologies.
As an independent disorder, dysbacteriosis most often occurs against the background of constant stress and overstrain, the use of strong drugs from the group of antibiotics, and inadequate nutrition. If a person has a slight degree of imbalance in the microflora, then eliminating these factors will help the intestinal flora to return to its normal state without specific treatment. In order to accelerate the restoration of the normal ratio of microorganisms in the intestine, the doctor can recommend a special diet, as well as various drugs.
Special diet for
dysbacteriosis Useful microorganisms that exist in the intestinal tract require certain substances for normal growth and reproduction. First of all, it is pectin and dietary fiber contained in cereals, vegetables, fruits, algae. In addition, useful microflora also needs certain amino acids, which are especially abundant in soy milk - arginine and glutamine. To effectively fill the deficit of lacto - and bifidobacteria, they help specially enriched dairy products for this purpose - various yoghurts, cottage cheese, kefir.
Prebiotics in the treatment of the dysbacteriosis
The term "prebiotics" refers to substances coming in with food that are not digested by the body. Nevertheless, they serve as an excellent nutrient medium for beneficial microflora. This category includes inulin, fructose isomers, galactose and other compounds.
The comparatively high content of substances so useful for the intestinal microflora is noted in dairy products and cereals, for example, in wheat, maize, chicory, onions and garlic. In addition, pharmacies can buy specific drugs, which also contain these substances of synthetic or natural origin.
Probiotics are preparations containing living cultures of bacteria. It is especially useful to take them after a procedure such as cleansing the bowels of slag - after all, when cleaning, not only harmful substances are washed out of the body, but also useful bacteria. It is probiotics that make it possible to make up for their quantity, which is necessary for the normal functioning of the digestive tract. Such funds are divided into several types:
- single-component, in which only one of the representatives of useful microflora is present. Usually, therapy with the help of such a means is carried out by the course within 5-6 weeks;
- is polycomponent, which includes several representatives of useful flora. The course of treatment by means of this type is about 10-14 days;
- antagonists are microorganisms that do not belong to a useful microflora, but have the ability to suppress the growth of opportunistic bacteria in the intestine. Usually, such drugs are used no longer than 5-7 days;
- combined probiotics, which, besides useful bacteria, also contain immunomodulating substances. Applied by a course of about 2 weeks;
- Synbiotics, which are a combination of obligate microorganisms and prebiotic. To obtain a positive effect, this type of drug should be taken at least 3 weeks.
It is noteworthy that probiotics are not able to "colonize" the intestine. But, such an action is not included in their task. Usually, such funds are prescribed to the patient after such a procedure as cleansing the intestines, as they compete with conditionally pathological microorganisms, suppressing the very growth of them. With this mechanism of action, probiotics restore the normal ratio of bacteria in the intestine.
It should be noted that the effect of probiotics is not enough in the case of severe forms of dysbacteriosis, when the number of beneficial microorganisms is reduced. In this case, the best effect in treatment can be achieved using antimicrobial drugs.
Antiseptics for the intestine
Medicines of this type are almost not absorbed by the intestine, and can suppress the reproduction of harmful microorganisms. That is important, thus intestinal antiseptics practically do not operate or work on a useful microflora. The most common of the group of such tools are:
- Intetrix( cost - about 350 rubles) - a tool consisting of three highly effective antiseptic components. Usually appointed by the course for 4-5 days;
- Nifuroxadid( cost - approximately 180-200 rubles.) - a relatively effective remedy for intestinal dysbacteriosis, is appointed weekly course.
Drug medications of this group are prescribed by the doctor only after the exact form of the dysbacteriosis is established and the reasons that caused it - whether it was intestinal cleaning, prolonged stress, infection or prolonged intake of antibiotics. In addition, with the appointment of antibacterial drugs, a specialist necessarily takes into account the sensitivity spectrum of certain microorganisms.
Symptomatic therapy in the treatment of
dysbacteriosis Since the manifestations of this disease are not very pleasant for the patient, very often doctors prescribe symptomatic treatment of intestinal dysbiosis. In this case, the doctor can prescribe these or other drugs, based on the most pronounced symptoms of the disease.
It is noteworthy that disputes about the advisability of treating intestinal dysbacteriosis have been conducted for a long time and only recently most doctors are inclined to a positive response. Modern means allow you to quickly normalize the intestinal microflora, and a reasonable approach to the use of various antibiotics and a healthy, balanced and varied diet is an excellent prevention of such problems.
Video on the topic( opinions of different doctors):