Digestive problems are very unpleasant and even dangerous. And such a delicate problem as increased gas formation in the intestines can spoil life. And what are the reasons for this manifestation, is special treatment required?
Table of contents:
- What is it?
- Symptoms of
- Why is this happening?
- How to fix the problem?
What is it?
Food is partially processed in the stomach, and then enters the intestine, where further processing and absorption through the walls of the digestive tract of nutrients take place. But if the process is broken, then during the processing of food in the intestines, gases are formed. This is gas formation. In general, a certain amount of gases will form in any case. So, in norm their volume makes an order of 700-900 ml. But if the volumes increase, then the whole quantity will not have time to go out naturally, and there will be an excess, which, naturally, will interfere and worsen digestion.
As a rule, increased gas production in the intestine does not arise as an independent symptom. More often it is accompanied and other signs:
- Problems with a chair. It can be both constipation and diarrhea.
- Rumbling in the abdomen, caused by the mixing of gases with the liquid in the intestine.
- Bloating. The stomach can grow in size due to the excess amount of accumulated gases in it.
- Abdominal pain. Excessive amount of gases provokes stretching of intestinal walls and, as a result, spasm occurs.
- If gas formation is observed not only in the intestines, but also in the stomach( and this is how it happens most often), then there is a belching.
- Flatulence. Excess gases must somehow escape, and, as a rule, the outlet is through the anus. Due to hydrogen sulphide, the outgoing gases have an unpleasant odor. Normally, flutulence( the release of gases) occurs about 10-20 times a day, but if there is increased gassing in the intestine, the amount can increase to 30-50 times and even more.
- Because of incomplete splitting of food particles and the formation of toxins, some people experience nausea.
- There may also be general malaise, mood worsening and even depression. This is due to the poisoning of the body by the products of decay and the deterioration of the quality of life.
Why is this happening?
What causes increased gas formation? We list some of its causes:
- Use of products provoking increased gas production. These include grapes, some flour products.
- Mechanical obstructions. Normally, the gases that form in the intestine must go out, but if something hinders them, the output will be difficult. Such causes may be tumors, dense stools or even parasite accumulations.
- Insufficient quantity of digestive enzymes, which can be observed, for example, in pancreatitis. In this case, the food is not completely broken up and begins to decay, forming toxins and slags that emit gases.
- . Disruption of intestinal microflora. Normally, the intestine is inhabited by beneficial bacteria that take an active part in the digestive process, as well as pathogenic bacteria. And if the balance is broken, and the number of pathogenic microorganisms increases, then during the digestion of food gases will form.
- Infringement of processes of an absorption of formed gases through intestinal walls and their neutralization in a liver. This can be observed with certain liver diseases.
- Disturbance of intestinal motility. In the normal state, the intestinal walls contract and push the contents. If the peristalsis is disturbed, the food that has not been processed until the end will stagnate. Because of this, fermentation processes are activated, accompanied by the release of gas.
- Possible causes of neurological nature. So, with certain diseases of the nervous system, swallowing processes are disturbed, which causes an excessive amount of air to enter the digestive tract, which can enter the intestine.
- The so-called high altitude flatulence is an episodic phenomenon caused by a sharp decrease in the atmospheric pressure level.
- Pathologies of the intestine structure.
These are the causes of increased gas production.
Before starting treatment, it is important to establish the exact cause of increased gas production. The following diagnostic procedures are assigned:
- Caprogram. Such a study allows you to examine digested foods and identify a lack of digestive enzymes.
- Inoculation of feces for dysbiosis. Such a study makes it possible to determine the number of beneficial and pathogenic bacteria and to identify imbalances.
- Colonoscopy. Using a special apparatus with a camera inserted through the anus, the intestine is examined.
- Fibroesophagogastroduodenoscopy( FEEC).In this case, a special tube with a chamber is inserted into the stomach and upper intestine through the oral cavity. This procedure allows you to explore the mucous membranes.
- Radiography. A special contrast substance is introduced into the intestine, with the help of which pathologies( polyps, tumors, etc.) can be detected during X-ray examination.
How to fix the problem?
What should I do if I experience increased gas formation? When the doctor determines the cause of this symptom, he will prescribe the treatment. Therapy can be carried out in several ways. Let us dwell in more detail on each of them.
If a treatment for increased gas production is carried out, a special diet should be followed. First of all, exclude from the diet products that promote the formation of excess gases. These include:
- Raw vegetables with high fiber content, such as cucumber, pumpkin and so on.
- Some berries and fruits: grapes, plums, apples and some others.
- In some cases( for example, with lactose intolerance), do not use dairy products, in particular whole milk and cream.
- The increased amount of sugar also provokes an increase in gas production, so the amount of sweet must be minimized as much as possible. Bakery products.
- Legumes( beans, peas lentils).
Include the following products in your diet:
- Low-fat varieties of fish and meat: cod, turkey, chicken, rabbit, beef.
- Sour-milk products.
- Groats: oatmeal, rice, buckwheat.
- Stewed or steamed vegetables.
preparations. Depending on the reasons for the increased gas formation, the treatment may imply the use of several drug groups:
- If there is a decrease in intestinal peristalsis, The stimulation, such as "Cerukal".
- In some cases, the intake of probiotics and prebiotics is effective, which normalizes the intestinal microflora and increases the number of beneficial bacteria. To such group concern: "Bifidum Bacterin", "Bifiform" and others.
- If there are constipation, the doctor may prescribe laxatives. A mild laxative effect is provided by preparations based on lactulose, such as "Dufalac" and "Normase."
- Sorbent preparations( for example, Enterofuril, Enterosgel) bind toxins and slags in the intestine and remove them.
- Enzymatic drugs are necessary if there is a lack of enzymes. The following drugs are prescribed: "Pancreatin", "Mezim" and others.
- Anti-foaming agents improve the absorption of gases in the walls of the intestine and reduce their tension.
- For abdominal pain, spasmolytics can be prescribed: Drotaverin, No-shpa.
Surgical treatment is indicated in case of mechanical causes of gassing: tumors, polyps and so on.
To increase the formation of gas as little as possible, lead an active and healthy lifestyle. Give up smoking and alcohol, move more. Let your digestion normalize!