The organs of sight allow us to see and live normally, therefore any problems and pathologies affecting them appear immediately. Some diseases lead to a significant decrease in visual acuity. One of these diseases is angiopathy of the retina. Such a defeat of the vessels is a rather serious problem. And how should treatment be carried out?
- What is this disease?
- Reasons for
- Manifestations of
- How to treat?
- Forecasts and consequences
What is this disease?
Angiopathy of the retina is a problem in the work of vessels, triggered by pathologies of nervous regulation or disorders of vascular tone. It is worth noting that in most cases such a disease is a consequence of another ailment, in which the work of all the blood vessels of the body is broken or only those that provide blood supply to the eye.
This disease can develop in both adults and children and even in women during pregnancy. But most people suffer older than 30-35 years.
Retina angiopathy can be observed as one eye, or both. But if the cause of the development of the disease was the pathology of all the vessels, then most likely, both eyes will suffer.
Several species are distinguished depending on the causes of the disease:
Hypertensive angiopathy is a consequence of hypertension. In this case, frequent fluctuations in the level of blood pressure lead to pinpoint hemorrhages of the eyeball and to its opacities.
- Hypotonic. In this situation, reduced vascular tone will lead to stagnation of blood and the formation of blood clots, which will certainly provoke a violation of the blood supply to the organs of vision.
- Diabetic is a consequence of diabetes( often started).There are lesions of virtually the entire vascular system, which causes blood flow to be broken, and the vessels and capillaries are gradually clogged, so vision begins to decline.
- Traumatic. Sometimes traumas of the spine, neck or chest provoke the entrapment of some vessels. The blood flow is disturbed, and because of this, vision will suffer.
- Youth. If a child develops this disease quite rarely, then teenagers suffer from it much more often. Physicians still can not establish the causes of development, but it is noteworthy that this type of angiopathy is the most dangerous. There are lesions of both eyes, frequent hemorrhages occur, in addition, a layer of connective tissue can form on the eyeball. Treatment is complicated, the outcome is not always favorable.
We list some of the reasons for the development of the described disease:
- Hypertension, leading to pressure on the vascular walls( due to it, stagnation of blood).
- Injury of the retina, the spine( especially the cervical spine), as well as the chest.
- Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is often accompanied by compression of the nerve roots and blood vessels, which is why the blood flow is disturbed.
- With increased intracranial pressure, the operation of vessels and capillaries of eyeballs will also be disturbed due to a heavy load on their walls.
- Diseases of the cardiovascular system, accompanied by increased pressure on the vascular walls or a decrease in the tone of these walls, as well as pathologies leading to the formation of thrombi and other circulatory disorders.
- Some diseases and pathologies of the nervous system that provoke disturbances in the tone of the vascular walls.
- Diabetes mellitus, especially in neglected and severe forms.
- Work in hazardous production or living in poor conditions.
- Age changes.
- Some systemic diseases, especially of an autoimmune nature( eg, vasculitis).
- Congenital anomalies of the structure of the vessels( so that the ailment can be found even in a one-year-old child).
- Effect on the body of toxins, poisons or radioactive emissions.
- During pregnancy, the vascular load increases, so this condition can also become an unfavorable factor.
- Smoking has a very negative effect on blood vessels, as does excessive drinking.
It is from the specific cause of the development of the disease that treatment will depend, but it is extremely important to identify factors.
Often, angiopathy of the retina manifests itself quite clearly. Here are some characteristic features:
- Visual impairment or clouding. A person can not see objects located at an impressive distance from him. Also things may seem blurry.
- Full loss of vision is possible( in severe cases, for example, with complete blockage or severe vasospasm).
- Nasal bleeding is common, but they do not always occur and not all.
- The patient can see lightning and bright flashes, as well as light circles.
- There may also be pressure in the eyeballs, a person will feel that they increase in size. There is a bursting, which in some cases is accompanied by painful sensations.
Since this disease is often a consequence of others, it is necessary to pay attention to other manifestations, not related specifically to vision.
Effective treatment is possible only in case of successful diagnosis. Angiopathy of the retina can be detected at the reception of an ophthalmologist who, with the help of special devices, will assess the condition of the retina and the fundus and reveal abnormalities. But it's important to find out the root cause, so some other diagnostic procedures will be required:
- Ultrasound scanning of the vascular system will allow to evaluate its work.
- Angiography provides a complete picture. In the vessels are introduced special compounds that fill them. After this, an X-ray is taken, which is further studied by a doctor or scanned by a computer.
- Effective can be magnetic resonance imaging, which assesses the state of tissues and the work of the entire body.
How to treat?
Treatment of this disease, first of all, should be aimed at eliminating the cause of its occurrence. For example, hypertensive angiopathy of the retina suggests normalization of the level of arterial pressure. When diabetic form is important to control blood sugar. The doctor will prescribe a special diet, implying the use of foods with a minimum content of carbohydrates and glucose.
If there are diseases of the cardiovascular system, then you need to treat them. In this case, physical loads can be effective. Also, drugs that strengthen vascular walls and enhance their tone can be prescribed. For example, a doctor may prescribe calcium supplements.
For the improvement of blood circulation in the eyeballs, such agents as Trental, Solcoseryl, Pentilin, Vazonit, Emoksipin and others are often prescribed.
Sometimes physiotherapy is prescribed for both eyes. The most effective procedures are laser irradiation, acupuncture, magnetic therapy, and others.
Forecasts and effects of
If treatment has not been started on time, then vision can deteriorate severely, up to total loss. But such a state is reversible and curable( and the child's vision organs are only formed, so the correction is all the more difficult).In time, the measures taken will help to fully restore the vision and avoid further reduction of its severity.
In pregnancy, the condition may worsen, and childbirth can lead to a complete loss of vision due to vascular rupture, so that a caesarean section is indicated.
To avoid such a problem, it is worthwhile to monitor your health and condition, ensure normal working and living conditions, give up harmful habits, and avoid injuries.
We can only wish everyone good vision and health!
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