Many women at some point in their lives face the problem of hair loss, but instead of going to the doctor, they are trying to hide the signs of the disease. It must be remembered that only timely treatment can give a positive prognosis.
Hair loss or alopecia( honey "alopecia") is a fairly common disease among women. About 5% of the female population aged 30 years and over 60% - over 60 years old suffer from androgenetic alopecia, less often - diffuse. Alopecia can seriously affect the emotional state and quality of life of a woman, so it is extremely important to begin timely treatment of the disease.
Table of contents:
- Androgenic and diffuse alopecia and its causes
- Symptoms of alopecia
- Treatment of hair loss
- Treatment with medications
- Hair transplantation( transplantation) as a method of treating alopecia
- Side effects and problems associated with hair transplantation
Androgenic and diffuse alopecia andits causes
Almost every woman after puberty begins to experience a certain degree of alopecia. Gradually approaching the menopausal period, the signs of the disease increase - the hair becomes thinner, a bald patch appears.
Throughout life, the female body undergoes permanent hormonal changes associated with the period of puberty, pregnancy, labor and lactation. Climax is the final stage of such "reference" periods. These changes can cause the development of female alopecia.
Androgenic alopecia is a thinning of hair in the fronto-parietal area on the head. The name of the disease suggests that the cause of baldness is associated with the action( increase) of androgen hormones, which respond not only to sexual desire, but also to regulate hair growth. Their excess leads to a decrease in the size of the hair follicles.
As for diffuse alopecia, it is manifested by hair loss throughout the head. The reasons for its appearance are different, and can be caused by taking medications, experienced emotional stress, as well as some endocrine diseases.
Symptoms of alopecia
Symptoms of female alopecia are not clear, so it is difficult to recognize the disease in the early stages. In the fronto-parietal and temporal region, the rapid thinning of the hair begins, as a result of which there is a loss of volume of hair on the head. Destruction of the hair follicle( dystrophy) can lead to the fact that it can produce only pushkin hair - thin and short. But gradually, in the course of the development of the disease( sometimes for several years), the hair is shortened, thinned and already begins to fall out, forming bald spots.
Treatment of hair loss
Prolonged flow of alopecia can damage or completely destroy many hair follicles. Therefore, the treatment of the disease should begin as soon as possible after the appearance of its first symptoms. The use of antiandrogens after prolonged hair loss will help prevent further baldness, as well as awaken the "sleeping" hair follicles that have retained their vitality. After anti-androgen cancellation, hair loss can be resumed if the androgen level is not controlled by other methods, for example, the intake of vitamin-mineral complexes.
Treatment with medication
As a rule, the treatment of alopecia is based on the intake of medications. Their effectiveness may depend on the individual characteristics of each case. But many women who took such remedies note a noticeable improvement - the cessation of hair loss, the resumption of their growth and the restoration of emotional balance. Achieving the best result is possible with a precise determination of the cause of hair loss.
This drug was originally designed to normalize( lower) blood pressure( antihypertensive drug).But people who for a certain period of time took it, noticed that it leads to the development of hypertrichosis. Studies have confirmed that a 2% solution of minoxidil, applied directly to the skin at the site of alopecia, can stimulate hair growth.
At the same time, it is impossible to consider minoxidil as panacea. Despite the fact that he is able to cause hair growth( in the form of a cannon) in the area of alopecia, he can not restore the full density of lost hair. In addition, the drug has a number of side effects: irritation and dryness of the scalp, contact dermatitis, hypertrichosis( hair growth in non-designed areas - on the forehead, cheeks, chin).
Spironolactone( Aldactone), cimetidine( Tagamet), cyproterone acetate and finasteride( Propecia, Proscar) are not approved for such treatment, but there is much evidence of their effectiveness. In relatively rare cases where there is an excess of androgens, the doctor may prescribe 100 to 200 mg of anti-androgen drugs daily, along with oral contraceptives for women of reproductive age. Taking one of these drugs, a woman should in no case become pregnant, since such remedies can cause genital anomalies in a male fetus. Possible side effects include weight gain, loss of sexual desire, depression and fatigue.
Oral contraceptives are also antiandrogens, as they reduce the production of androgens by the ovaries, and therefore can be used to treat alopecia. However, the appointment of such drugs should be done only by a doctor, since only low-androgen-level contraceptives can be used to treat baldness. High level of androgen in them, on the contrary, promotes hair loss. Most often with alopecia women are prescribed drugs Diane 35 and Diana 50, but they also have side effects: chest pain, headaches and decreased sexual desire.
Estrogen and progesterone.
Both tablets and creams containing estrogen and progesterone are effective against alopecia in women who have entered the menopausal period and are deficient in these hormones.
Preparations of iron.
In some women, iron deficiency can be the cause of hair loss. Anemia or severe menstrual bleeding is a common cause of alopecia. It is recommended to take iron preparations if the hemoglobin level in a woman is less than 70 nanograms per milliliter.
Hair transplantation( transplantation) as a method for the treatment of alopecia
Hair transplant is a procedure widely used to treat baldness in men and women, and includes the excision of follicular groups( hairy skin fragments) from the zone of healthy hair( whiskey, nape) andfurther implantation of these fragments into the places of alopecia. During this procedure, the transplant surgeon cuts a narrow strip of skin and divides it into hundreds of small grafts, each containing only a few hairs. Then forms in the area of missing hair with the help of a blade channels, where each transplant is planted. As a result, after 4-9 months in this zone, natural hair growth resumes.
Side effects and problems associated with hair transplant
After hair transplantation, some women may suffer from folliculitis( inflammation of the follicle).This complication is treated with compresses and antibiotics. A more serious danger after surgery is sudden hair loss, which usually develops in the area of transplantation. This complication occurs in only 30% of women who undergo transplantation and is temporary. The procedure of transplantation can cost from $ 2000 to $ 8000.
To effectively combat alopecia, a woman should consult a doctor at the first symptoms of the disease so that he can prescribe the necessary treatment, because only at the initial stages the disease is successfully treated. In advanced stages, hair loss can be irreversible.
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