Head injuries are quite common. The concussion of the brain is especially dangerous. And how to identify this condition and prevent its consequences?
And is it necessary to treat a concussion?
- 1 What is it?
- 2 Degrees
- 3 Manifestations
- 4 Diagnostics
- 5 First aid
- 6 Treatment
- 7 Consequences of
What is it?
In general, our brain is surrounded not only by the cranium, but also by the cerebral fluid - the cerebrospinal fluid. It protects the brain substance from external negative influences. But with a craniocerebral injury, there may be a sharp shift in the brain and its stress on the bone.
There are no serious damages, but some functions may be violated. During the research it was found out that the gray matter is not damaged, but the nutrition of the nerve cells worsens, and neural connections can also be disrupted. And that's why there are characteristic symptoms of brain concussion.
By the way, this condition is revealed in 60-70% of all cases of craniocerebral injuries and is most often a consequence of falls from insignificant height or sloppy movements during sports.
The concussion has three degrees of severity:
- Easy degree.
After the injury, loss of consciousness is absent or short-lived. The victim feels relatively good.
- With an average degree, the victim can lose consciousness for 5-15 minutes.
The status is average. Some functions are disrupted, hospitalization is required.
- Severe loss of consciousness can occur if the degree is severe.
Most of the brain functions are broken, the victim needs immediate help from specialists.
Before you treat a concussion, you need to correctly diagnose.
To begin with, there are several basic signs of concussion:
- Immediately at the time of injury, a loss of consciousness may occur.
- Headache. Most often it is localized in the place of impact. Pain sensations occur immediately after the injury and can last up to several days or even weeks.
- Trembling, unsteadiness or chaotic movements of eyeballs.
- Nausea or vomiting.
- Confusion, impaired coordination, loss of balance, instability of the victim when walking.
- Also, concussion can be accompanied by a change in heart rate and respiration( both rapidity, slowing or disturbance).
- "Flies", "snowflakes" or ripples in the eyes.
- May cause pallor of the skin.
- Drowsiness, lethargy, apathy, loss of appetite.
- In severe cases, a concussion can manifest as a short-term amnesia, that is, loss of memory. In this situation, it is necessary to treat a patient, since the consequences can be sad and serious.
- Reaction to external stimuli, for example, fear of noise or light.
- In rare cases, the development of seizures is possible.
Symptoms of concussion of the brain depend on the severity of the injury, as well as on the age of the victim. Thus, with a slight impact and subject to the preservation of consciousness, manifestations will be insignificant. In such cases, you do not need to treat the patient, because the consequences are almost impossible.
If the injury was severe and the person was unconscious for a long time, the symptoms can be pronounced and persist for up to several weeks. In addition, children often suffer a concussion of the brain more easily than adults.
To exclude the possibility of serious damage, the doctor can prescribe a radiograph or magnetic resonance imaging.
A Glasgow scale is commonly used to determine the severity of a shaking. The specialist evaluates the reaction of the victim to stimuli, asks questions and calculates scores.
If a person bumped his head and there are suspicions of a concussion, apply ice to the damage site for 15-20 minutes. If the victim is conscious, help him to get up.
In case of unconsciousness, you need to turn a person to one side in order to avoid tongue sagging and suffocation. Be sure to call an ambulance.
How to treat brain concussion? With a slight degree of severity of injury, treatment is not required.
But with obvious symptoms and worsening, some measures are simply necessary:
- In most cases, bed rest is required. For mild or moderate severity of the herb, this regimen should be observed for 1-3 weeks, and for severe - for a month or even several months( until all brain functions are restored).
- Treatment of concussion is necessary and by limiting all possible external stimuli. So you have to give up watching TV, listening to music, reading books and games, or working at a computer.
- In some cases, patients have to be treated with medication. Anesthetics, sedatives, medications for improving cerebral circulation, and also eliminating vomiting and nausea may be prescribed.
- Sometimes, therapeutic gymnastics or massage helps to speed up the process of recovery and recovery of functions.
It is worth noting that only an experienced specialist can treat concussion. Self-treatment is dangerous!
Consequences of concussion occur infrequently( in 1-3% of all cases), but still some are possible:
- periodic headaches and dizziness;
- sleep disorders;
- sensitivity to light or sharp sounds;
- memory impairment, logical thinking, concentration of attention.
Prevent such consequences allowing timely treatment. Be attentive to your health in order to avoid serious problems.